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Full text of "International Herald Tribune , 1994, France, English"

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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 




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London, Thursday, July 21 , 1994 


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Fed Is Ready 
To Push Up 
Interest Rates 
In U.S. Again 

Greenspan Says Action 
Would Come if Growth 
bi Economy Accelerates 

By Lawrence Malkin - 

. International Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK —Federal Reserve Board 
Chairman Alan Greenspan signaled 
Wednesday that the central bank was 
ready to raise rates again if the U.S. econo- 
my were to grow much faster. 

In a rare signal to foreign investors in his 
testimony before the Senate Banking 
Committee in Washington, Mr. Green- 
span also said the U.S. dollar was weaker 
than it should be. None of his words, 
however, seemed to provide much reassur- 
ance to financial markets, as U.S. stock 
prices, bonds and the dollar fell (Page 12) 

The net Tesult of a lengthy and combat- 
ive session in which the central bank chief 
made his semiannual presentation on the 
economic outlook was that the Fed was 
highly unlikely to reduce rates in an econo- 
my that Mr. Greenspan described as show- 
ing “some signs” of labor market and sup- 
ply pressures and was much more likely to 
raise them sooner rather than later. 

Referring to the Fed's four increases in 
short-term interest rates this year, Mr. 
Greenspan said, “Nonetheless, it is an 
open question whether qor actions to date 
have been sufficient to head off inflation- 
ary pressures and thus maintain favorable 
treads in the economy.” 

Hus was in his prepared testimony, 
which was discussed by members of the 
Federal Open Market Committee early 
this month, at a meeting that apparently 
decided to hold interest rates steady. It 
thus represents, something of a consensus 
among U.S. central bankers. 

In other testimony this week, however, 
Mr. Greenspan painted a -modi brighter 
picture of a steady-growth,, low-inflation" 
’) economy. That prompted Robot Falcon - 



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Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher looking on as Prime Minister Abdul-Salam Majali of Jordan, left, meets Foreign Minister Shimon Peres of Israel. 

A Cholera Outbreak Threatens Rwandan Refugees 


By Jonathan C Randal 

Washington Post Service 

GOMA, Zaire — International relief 
workers, reding from the world’s “largest 
and swiftest exodus” of refugees, from 
Rwanda into Zaire, warned Wednesday of 
an outbreak of what they said could be the 


er, an analyst at^brey Xanstqn & dbxAgn -rfdemfc ^ modem histo- 

rcmarkon Wednesdays ^urpimn^yoimz. ^ -.7-— - 

nrmRtrmeWith it-r clear focus on inflation-” "• ’■ -I'Ll! • a * ' »«_* "■ 


nous tone with its dear focus on inflation.” 

On the dollar. Me. Greenspan said mom-, 
etary policy should play a stabilization role 
that “will ensure that dollar- denominated 
assets remain attractive to global inves- 
tors.” He warned that if the currency’s 
recent fall was not reversed, higher U.S. 
inflation would result 

Under questioning, he went further and 
disclosed that the weak dollar bad been a 
“focus” for Fed policymakers in recent, 
times — a rare disclosure by a Fed chair- 
man about foreign-exchange consider- 
ations. He also said inflation had been 
contained for the short term but must be 
closely watched. 

In theoiy, hints of higher interest rates 
should attract foreign money to Wall 
Street. But Philip Braverman of DKB Se- 
curities said this was “a perverse notion.” 

He added, “Greenspan tried to help the 
dollar and bonds, and he hurt them.” 

The other factor in the equation is Ger- 
man interest rates, which are still higher' 
than American ones. Investors also were 
-waiting Wednesday to see whether the 
B undesbank. Germany's Central bank, will 
. take any in terest-rate action Thursday, at 
its final council meeting before the sum- . 
mer vacation. 


Virtually unprepared for the abrupt in- 
flux of more than 1 million people, despite 
repeated warnings, most major interna- 
tional relief organizations are now admit- 
ting failure in the face of constantly accel- 


erating death rates. Hundreds of refugees 
are dying daily. 

Jacques de MMano, president of the 
charity Doctors Without Borders Interna- 
tional, told reporters the threatened chol- 
era epidemic “goes beyond all imagina- 
tion” and could constitute a massive 
humanitarian crisis because of the refu- 
gees’ physical fatigue, their numbers and 
the logistical problems involved in helping 
them. 

“We can only minimize the damage,” be 
said. “Our efforts are doomed to failure.” 

Osci Kofi, a spokesman for Unicef, said. 


“What we are facing, UN agencies cannot 
handle.” Needed, he said, was the kind of 
massive international airlift employed to 
relieve the Ethiopian famines of the 1980s. 

“All humanitarian organizations were 
ill-prepared to respond to such an enor- 
mous magnitude of crisis.” said Panes 
Moumtzis, a spokesman for the United 
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 

Noting that cholera is highly contagious, 
Mr. de Milliano said that “when you have 
10 cases in the morning, you can expect 
hundreds in the afternoon and thousands 
tomorrow.” 


He also warned of a possibly devastat- 
ing outbreak of measles, which he said 
could loll thousands of children. 

In the five-kilometer (three-mile) drive 
from Goma’s central hotel district to the 
airport late Wednesday morning, 48 bod- 
ies were laid out alongside the road, many 
covered with blankets or straw mats. 

A French Army bulldozer dug a 45- 
meter f 150-foot) mass grave, which by 
nightfall was almost full after French 
troops and Catholic relief workers picked 

See RWANDA. Page 7 


Kiosk 


Socialists Oppose Santer as EU Leader 


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Page 9. 
Page 9. 
Page 7 
Page 20. 


STRASBOURG, France (Reuters) 
— The European Parliament's biggest 
group, the Socialists, voted Wednesday 
to oppose Prime Minister Jacques 
Santer of Luxembourg as the next Eu- 
ropean Commission president. 

The decision threw Mr. Santcr's 
chances into doubt on the eve of a key 
vole by the European Union assembly. 

The Parliament's vote is not binding, 
but Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Ger- 
many, who managed last week to get 
the unanimous backing of EU leaders/ 
For Mr. Santer, a Christian Democrat, 
said that his candidacy would be aban- 
doned if the assembly rejected him. 


U.S. Says Bosnian Serbs 
Reject Peace Partition 


Cease-Fire Ends in Korean War of Words 


By Andrew Pollack 

He* Yodc Tunes Service .. 

SEOUL — For nearly two weeks the 
world has been treated to a rare and some- 
what sugarcoaied look at one of the 
world’s most secretive and. some would 
■-say. most dangerous nations. 

* As North Koreans cried at the passing 
i of their leader, Kim fl Sung, govemment- 


agwin with a vengeance. On the same day week but was postponed indefinitely fol- 
North Korea eulogized its late ruler and louring Mr. Kim's death, 
proclaimed his son to be the nation’s new Seoul m aintains officially that it is still 
leader. South Korea tried to paint the late totaled in a summit Bat privately, offi- 
Mr. Kim as a war cri mina l. It released, awls they want to wait until the new 
some old Soviet documents it recoved North Korea, Kim Jong R for- 


mat face, and four decades of tension cm 

the Korean Peninsula seemed held in abey- 
ance. 

But the mourning period ended 
Wednesday, and the Cold War began 


War began 


from Russia that, it said, prove Mr. Kim 
started the Korean War. 

- The new offensive by Seoul in the war of 
words dims the prospects that a summit 
meeting between North and South Korea 
wQl be held anytime soon. Until now, 
analysts have said, Seoul refrained from 
making the documents public in order to 
maintain a conciliatory atmosphere. 

The first summit ever between the Cold 
War enemies had been scheduled for next 


mally takes office and then proves he can 
hold iL South Korea does not want its 
president, Kim Young Sam, to condescend 
to meet with someone who has been in 
office only a short time and who is viewed 
as being of lesser stature. 

According to South Korea’s Foreign 
Minis try, (he Soviet documents show that 
Kim II Sung brought up the idea of a 
military effort to unify the Korean Penin- 

See KOREA, Page 7 


Cnmpded by Our Staff From Jhspjttkei 

GENEVA — Bosnian Serbs turned 
down a take-it-or-leave-it peace deal on 
Wednesday, according to a U.S. official. 

Charles Redman, the U.S. representa- 
tive in the negotiations, said. “The Serbs 
have not been able to accept" the plan 
sponsored by the United States. Russia. 
France, Britain and Germany. 

The Dve nations bad threatened to begin 
imposing a series of punitive actions cul- 
minating in the lifting of the arms embargo 
on the Muslim-led government of Bosnia if 
the Serbs rejected the proposal 

Bosnia is now “a very serious situation,” 
Mr. Redman said. 

The United States and its allies had said 
they would not accept a conditional re- 
sponse from the warring ponies. 

“Unfortunately, no.” Air. Redman said. 
“We were all disappointed that the answer 
was not what we expected. As far as were 
are concerned, that’s our map and we will 
stick to iL’ 

Earlier, Bosnian Serbian leaders told 
mediators that the peace plan was a good 
basis for negotiation, but they stopped 
short of unconditional acceptance. West- 
ern diplomats said. 

The Bosnian Serbian leader, Radovan 
Karadzic, met briefly here with officials 
from the United States, Russia, Britain. 
France and Germany and delivered his 
“parliament's” answer to the plan. 

The five-nation Western Contact Group 
had warned the Bosnia Serbs and the Mus- 
lim-Croatian federation to accept _ the 
plan's map for partition without condition 


by Wednesday or face possible punish- 
ment. 

Serbian sources said the declaration 
called the map a basis for more talks on an 
overall plan, which could not be accepted 
or rejected without details of other aspects 
of a peace senlement. 

Earlier. Muslim and Croatian leaders 
met with the Contact Group and said they 

See BOSNIA, Page 7 


No. 34,646 

Jordanians 
Meet Israelis 
First Time in 
Public Talks 

i The War Is Behind \ 9 
Arab Declares After 
Session at Dead Sea 

By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Service 

DEAD SEA, Jordan — With Secretary 
of State Warren M. Christopher looking 
on, cabinet ministers from Israel and Jor- 
dan met publicly for the first time on- 
Wednesday and pledged that their coun- 
tries would stay on course toward ending 
their 46-year conflict 

The meeting, held on the parched shore 
of the Dead Sea, was a preview of the 
summit meeting scheduled for Monday, 
when King Hussein of Jordan and Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel will join 
President Bill Clinton at the White House. 

They are not ready to sign a peace trea- 
ty, but their meeting is intended as a signal 
that for them the Arab- Israeli conflict is 
ended and that they foresee normal rela- 
tions between their countries in the not 
distant future. 

That was the message underlying the 
emotional rhetoric used Wednesday by 
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Prime 
Minister Abdul-Salam Majali as they gath- 
ered before dozens of reporters from Jor- 
dan. Israel and other countries at the Dead 
Sea Spa hotel 

“The war is behind,” Mr. Majali de- 
clared. “You cannot come and negotiate 
peace with a mind of war or even the ideas 
or the possibility." 

The Israeli and Jordanian negotiators 
declared that from now on, peace negotia- 
tions will be held not under U.S. auspices 
in Washington, but alternately in Israel 
and Jordan until all the obstacles still in 
the way of a formal peace treaty are 
cleared away. 

“These are indeed vital and critical mo- 
ments, which historians shall cherish and 
poets shall relish.” Mr. Majali said. “They 
will be recorded in the annals of history in 
block letters, for they separate the age 
between peace and war, construction and 
destruction, and even life and death.” 

“It took ns 15 minutes to fly here ” Mr. 
Peres said in reference to his trip from the 
Israeli side of the Dead Sea. “But it took us 
46 years to arrive at this place of peace and 
promise ” He said, “What is taking place 
today may be the tight at the end of the 
tunnel" adding, "The dead Sea, silent and 
deep, may become a symbol of new life.” 

Earlier, at a news conference in Amman, 
the Jordanian capital King Hussein had 
warned that it was overly optimistic to talk 
of a peace treaty in such terms as “next 
week” or “even next month.” 

Bui both Mr. Peres and Mr. Majali honi- 
ed broadly that when their leaders appear 
at the White House on Monday, they 
might go much further than has been ex- 
pected toward ending the state of war that 
has existed between their countries since 
Israel’s creation in 1948. 

Mr. Peres said that neither be nor Mr. 
Rabin was interested in going to Washing- 
ton simply to have their picture taken. 
“The main declaration on Monday will be 

See MIDEAST , Page 7 


YSL Reigns as King Again 

... " Dazzling Show 

faSSI By a Master 


. ' ’ 'a- V wr 


Moon Landing? Don’t Believe It, the Naysayers Say 


By Marc Fisher 


WASHINGTON — The TV is blaring 
' in.the background, so Icw^ttat CMes 
• Johnson can’t hear hnnself think. Mar- 
gie*” he shouts. “Turn down the damn 

o.j.r 

The former football star is in ewirtand 
everyone's watching, but Mr. Johnson 

Newsstand Frige s 

Bahrain -Aa*™ *J^3 ®n2£ 

, Cyprus — .C.C1.00 i5N.Kr. 

DenmarklAWO-Kr- ^2^.. 1,000 Rio's 

Finland H Qatar 8-00 Rials 

SErdhar-pjHl ffrelondtREl^ 

Great Britain J 085 saodi Arabia 9.00 R 

Paypt E.P.5000 sooth Africa 

egypu— • i i n 1LA.E 8JDDfrti 


knows something the rest of the country 
doesn’t. 

“Did you ever see ‘Capricorn One,’ the 
movie?” he asks. “0. J- Simpson was the 
star. Proved the entire government space 
program is a hoax. They’re finally going 
after O. J. because he helped unmask the 
space hoax.” 

Charles Johnson “knows” that no man 
has yet set foot on the moon. Wednesday 
was the 25th anniversary not of the Apollo 
J1 landing at . the Sea of Tranquility, he 
says, but of “a big, giant joke, an entertain- 
ment for as animals hoe in the ‘Animal 
Farm,’ n a crafty bit of government trick- 
ery designed to bolster profits for bigeon- 


much malarkey not only the moon landing “Oh, they always talk about that hsp- 
but the very notion of space travel and pening. but I never believed il” says Myr- 
sdentific proof. tie Holloway, 77, of Blanionvilie, Louisi- 

The doubters could be dismissed as eo ana. a respondent. “It cannot be done, and 
centrics except that in this great land, God did not intend that it be done." 
where half the young people attend collie “U was a way for the government to hide 

and television endlessly recalls every semi- some more ©f the money they've blown,” 
important moment in modern history, mil savs Debbie Dunham. 40. of Kent City. 


gaoda for the outlandish concept that the 
Earth era panning globe; 

Mr. . Johnson is president of the Flat 
Earth Research Society International an 
organisation of 3,700 who reject as just so 


important moment in modem history, mil- 
lions of people do not believe anyone has 
walked on the moon. 

About 20 million, if you believe a Wash- 
ington Post poll. 

The Post asked a random sample of 
1,001 Americans last week if astronauts 
had ever made it to the moon. Nine per- 
cent said it is possible the landing never 
happened; 5 percent did not know for sure. 
Blacks were considerably more suspicious. 
Twenty percent said it was possible no 
moon walk had ever occurred; another 16 
percent did not know. The, survey has a 
margin of error of 3 percentage points. 


says Debbie Dunham. 40. of Kent City. 
Missouri. “Of course, black people are 
going to be more skeptical. They have 
probably less reason to believe in the gov- 
ernment than anybody." 

NASA refuses W engage in a debate 
with the disbelievers. “One step lower than 
the UFO crowd," said Julian Sheer, for 
many years the space agency’s public af- 
fairs chief, now a communications consul- 
umt. 

But few doubters are Flat Earthers. 
Most just have a nagging suspicion that the 

See HOAX, Page 7 



Miwe-'Tlxwi* 

Yves Saint Laurent’s short suit and 
thigh-high mock crocodile boots. 


By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Yves Saint Laurent came 
back from the fashion dead Wednes- 
day. The designer who had been seen as 
a fading force received a standing ova- 
tion for a couture show that was fresh 
and colorful His Chinese theme of 
bold mandarin coats sweeping over 
bamboo-slim dresses will be ranked as 
one of his masterpiece collections. 

At a time when couture is often 
lackluster or gimmicky. Saint Laurent 
Showed mastery of cut and color and 
clarity of vision. Those who were moved 
with emotion included the designer’s 
mother, Lucienne Saint Laurent, who 
said, “I haven't seen such a sbow from 
my son in seven years. To Eleanor Lam- 
bert. 91, it was “truth in fashion.” 

It was important for Saint Laurent, 
whose house was bought by Elf-Sanofi 
in 1993, to prove that Sis glory years are 
not behind him. From the moment that 
a pair of mock crocodile bools stepped 
out — a nod to the louche side of the 
70s — this collection seemed in a dif- 
ferent league. 

How Had the designer who often 
seems in fragile health produced this' 
heroic effort? Hand wore. Saint Lau- 
rent’s assistant said the designer had 
“been at the studio before me each 
morning” for the last three months. 

At the end of the show, the audience 
leapt to its feet as the two tiny brocade- 
clad bridesmaids ushered in a be-' 
crowned bride, symbolic of the fact that 
Saint Laurent is not yet ready to abdi- 
cate his role as King Couture. 

More fashion on Rage 10. 




I 


_ . ~ w V,' 


Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 



Mighty Blow Lands on Jupiter , First of the l-2-3Punch wORL DBgjgEg 


Reuters 

SUTHERLAND. South Africa An im- 
mense fragment from ComeL Shoemaker-Levy 9 
made a spectacular dive into the upper atmo- 
sphere of Jupiter on Wednesday with a huge 
explosion that sent a fiery plume into the planet's 
stratosphere. 

“It's a big one, a very big one." said a South 
African astronomer. Brian Carter, who watched 
the impact through an infrared telescope at the 
Sutherland mouniainlop observatory. 

The comet fragment, known as Q-l and esti- 
mated to be as big as a mountain, crashed into 
the dark side of Jupiter shortly after 2000 GMT. 
The fiery plume, blown hundreds or kilometers 
above Jupiter's cloud layer, became visible from 
the observatory in the Karoo Desert at 21 min- 
utes past the predicted impact time. 

. Two more f ragmen ts of the comet were expect- 
ed to enter Jupiter’s atmosphere at about the 
5ame place by Thursday, in what Steve Maran. 


an astronomer with the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration in Washington called 
“the greatest one-two-lhree punch of all time." 


■ A Hint Dint Damage May Not Be Deep 

Malcolm W. Browne of The New York Times 
reported earlier from New York: 

As more cometary fragments hurtled toward 
Jupiter, some astronomers said they thought that 
the gigantic battering the planet was taking may 
be only skin deep. Some of the scars left by the 
broken comet are the size of Earth. 


The bombardment, which began Saturday af- 
ternoon. will continue until Friday, when the last 
of 21 large fragments is expected to hit. This is a 
planetary show unequaled in recorded history. 

Observatories throughout the world are 
scrambling to measure and record each impact, 
and there has been little time to begin analyzing 
the mountains of data they have accumulated. 


But the first hints of a bountiful harvest of 
scientific information have begun to appear. 

For example, astronomers hope for the first 
time to analyze the chemical contents of a com- 
et’s nucleus. 

Using one of the large telescopes of the Na- 
tional Optical Astronomy Observatory atop Kill 
Peak in Arizona, Marcia J. Rieke and her hus- 
band, George H- Rieke, both astronomy profes- 
sors at the University of Arizona, have seen 
evidence that the huge, fiery plumes arising from 
impact ales may consist mostly of matter from 
the dying comet, rather than material from the 
depths of Jupiter. 

The Riekes reported that a spectral analysis of 
infrared radiation emitted by the fiery plume 
from Fragment A, the first in the series, shows no 
sign of the methane, ammonia or water ice pre- 
sent in Jupiter's hydrogen atmosphere. Instead, 
they said, the plume seems to consist mainly of 
dirt from the comet's nucleus. 


If this conclusion is borne out by more obser- 
vations it would tend to support the view of 
Clark nwpnan, an ayhrmomer with the Plant- 
tary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona, that 


the explosions are occurring at high altitudes in 
Jupiter’s atmosphere and may not significantly 
affet ' 


feet the dense lower atmosphere. _ _ 

A contrasting view was Depressed by Heidi 
Haznmd of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, a team leader of observers using the 
Hobble Space Telescope. She believes the im- 
pacts penetrate deeply into Jupiter’s atmosphere. 

Scientists do not know precisely how deep 
Jupiter’s atmosphere & because the planer is 
shrouded by dense clouds. But they.bdieve.it is 
about 1 1,000 miles (18,000 Irilometers) deep. 

If the impacts cause only shallow disruptions 
of the atmosphere, the huge blotches the impacts 
have left may fade and disappear fairly soon. If 
the explosions occurred at great depths, the spots 
could survive for hundreds of years. 


Julian Schwinger, 
Physicist, Dies at 76 


By Wolfgang Saxon 

Hew York Times Service 

Julian Schwinger, 76, a theo- 
retical physicist whose work in 
electrodynamics earned him a 
Nobel prize in 1965, died of 
pancreatic cancer Saturday in 
Los Angeles. 

He had been a faculty mem- 
ber at the University of Califor- 
nia at Los Angeles for the last 
22 years. 

; Mr. Schwinger shared the 
Nobel prize with Richard Feyn- 


man, a longtime colleague and 
‘ Sninichiro Tomonaga 


rival, and Si 
of Japan. They were cited for 
their independent contributions 
in the field of quantum electro- 
dynamics. 

■ Specifically, Mr. Schwinger 
and Mr. Feynman broke 
ground in the late 1940s and 
early 1950s for what became a 
revolution in theoretical phys- 
ics and the quantum field the- 
ory. They helped bring about 
much of the progress in physics 
over the next four decades, par- 
ticularly in ultrahigh-energy 
physics and in probing ultimate 
structure of matter, 
j Id a career that spanned 
nearly 60 years, Mr. Schwinger 
advanced the quantum theory 
of radiation. 


Paul Delvaux, 96, 

A Leading Surrealist Painter 
BRUSSELS (AFP) — Paul 
Delvaux, 96. one of the last 
great Surrealist painters, died 
Wednesday in Fumes, on the 
coast of western Belgium. 

Bom in 1897 in the town of 
Antheit, Belgium. Mr. Delvaux 
described as the 


was once 
"painter-poet of women and 
mystery." He defined himself as 
the “painter of railroad cars," 
because many of his pictures 
were set in deserted railroad 


stations, through which scantily 
dad women wandered in bluish 


or grey light. Mr. Delvaux ac- 
quired his fascination with rail- 
road stations while growing up 
in Antheit, and in 2984 he real- 
ised a childhood dream when he 


was named honorary chief of 
the railroad station in the uni- 
versity town of Louvain. 

Janies JoU, 76, 

Historian of Modern Europe 

James Joll, 76, a historian of 
modem Europe who interwove 
the history of politics and the 
history of ideas, died of cancer 
of the larynx on Tuesday in 
London. 

Mr. Joll was the Stevenson 
Professor of International His- 
tory at the University of Lon- 
don from 1967 until his retire- 
ment in 2981. Between 2946 
and 1967, he held posts at Ox- 
ford University. (NYT) 

Amos Mehmede, 6L, 

Headed Audiotape Company 

NEW YORK (NYT) — 
Amos Melamede, 61. the bead 
of a company whose taped com- 
mentaries advise visitors about 
what they are looking at in mu- 
seums around the world, died of 
a stroke on Thursday in New 
York. 

Mr. Melamede was chairman 
of the Acoustiguide Corp. in 
New York. The company pro- 
vides audiotapes for special ex- 
hibitions and cultural sites 
around the world, from New 
York to Beijing. Mr. Melamede 
led the company’s expansion in 
Eastern Europe and China. 
Gottfried Reinhardt, 81, 
Produced Hollywood Movies 

LOS ANGELES (LAT) — 
Gottfried Reinhardt, 81, the 
producer of several well-known 
films and a biographer of his 
father. Max. died of pancreatic 
cancer on Tuesday in Los An- 
geles. 

Known to movie fans as the 
producer of several films, in- 
cluding ‘Two Faced Woman,” 
Greta Garbo's last movie, and 
“Situation Hopeless — But Not 
Serious," Robert Redford's 
first, Mr. Reinhardt was a leg- 
end among industry insiders as 
one of Hollywood's pioneering 
and most successful writer-pro- 
ducer-directors. 



Kohl Praises Anti-Hitler Germans, 
But Many Say They Feel Excluded ; 

BERLIN HdtalltX 

saiy of a faikd fmm all walks of life whose 

bn Wednesday praised ^SrGermans. 
anti-Nazi resistance set a *cral t®' he said.in a 
.“Tfr? the oouttyard where 

0* My 20, 1944, assassmahon 

of ^ 

StSS* ton Wednesday’s«refloony: 

at the Bendlerblock memorial museuUL oroonent* 

SESUb i* «* ■*--£ £2“ 

year., • 

Banker Heads Belarussian Cabinet 

MINSK. Belarus (Reuters) — Alexander Lukashenko took 
office Wednesday as the first president of post-Soviet 
immediately named a cabinet headed by a banker and market 

"KSnS the brier oath in the Beto 

people out of poverty and to bolster the country s fragile sense of 

■^wSSwthnMi hours, the former state farm director, who won a 
landslide election victory on promises to lower prices and mr 

. - . . .(c i A .mn/vwl a rahinet IinC-UD ICO DV Q 


EUIUU VU4UIJ WU — f , , - . 

out corrupt officials, had proposed a cabmet Ime-up led by a 
Mikhail Ghigjr. 


banker. 

Activists Mark Burmese’s Detention 

LONDON (Reuters) — Politicians and crril rights activists 
around the world marked the fifth anniyereaiy Wednesday of the 
house arrest of Daw Aung San Sou Kyi, the Burmese democracy 
campaigner, with renewed appeals for her immediate release. 

The human rights group Amnesty International said more than 
2,000 members of Partiaments from a wide range of countries had 
signed a petition dial was delivered, to the united Nations 
secretary-general, Butros Butros O fa a lL _ f 

And 14 Nobd peace laureates signed an open letter to Burma s 
military rulers demanding the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 
and 26 elected Burmese members of Parliament 


French Navy Seizes Spanish Trawler 

BURELA, Spain (AP) — French naval vessels forced a Spanish 
■awl® toward a French military port Wednesday, accusing the 

■ •’ *ti f a LahI* Atwr fichino native 


John McCmioo- The AnociJierf Prcm 

A policeman beating back a crowd that stormed a food line in Port-au-Prince where free rice was being handed out. 


trawler 

fishermen of hiding an illegal catch, as a battle over fishing rights 
sharpened between Paris and Madrid. 

The ac ti o n ramc hours after fishermen from Burela surrendered 
a French boat seized duringa high seas confrontation in which the 
Spaniards sought to seat French drift nets that they say. violate 
HJ rules. The Spanish boat was being escorted to Lorient, in 
Brittany, to protect it from, French fishermen, the FrenchAgricul- 
ture and Fishing Ministry said. . 

The FrenchNavy intercepted the trawler in the Bay of Biscay 
and found secret holds with fish under the minimum legal size, the 
ministry said. It said the captain cut his nets free in an attempt to 
escape. • 


U.S. Defers a Decision on Invading Haiti 


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By Kenneth Freed 
and Doyle McManus 

Las Aetgeta Times Service 

PORT-AU-PRINCE. Haiti 
— Despite a steady drumbeat 
of threats aimed at frightening 
Haiti’s military leaders out of 
power, the Clinton administra- 
tion has set asde any plan for 
armed intervention until Sep- 
tember at the earliest, according 
to U.S. and foreign officials. 

The main reason is practical, 
the officials said: The United 
Nations force that would be 
needed to provide order on the 
island after U-S. troops came 
ashore will not be ready before 
thefalL 

At the same time, administra- 
tion officials noted. Democratic 
leaders in Congress have asked 
President Bill Clinton to hold 
off, expressing fears that the 
American public is not yet con- 
vinced that an invasion is justi- 
fied. 

“I don’t think we’re talking 
months." a senior U.S. official 
said when asked bow long the 
option of military action was 
being delayed, “but weeks, 
sure." Asked if that meant that 
no invasion was likely before 
September, he nodded affirma- 
tively. 


In Washington, a State De- 
partment official involved in 
Haitian polity said it was be- 
coming dear that no military 
action would be launched in 
August. “I don't think we’re 
moving that fast." he said 

And in Jerusalem, Secretary 
of Slate Warren M. Christopher 
said he was willing to wait for 
some time before recommend- 
ing an invasion. 

“I think we need to see if the 
sanctions won’t work," Mr. 
Christopher said Monday. “The 
new enhanced sanctions have 
only been in effect fora limited 
period of time. Clearly, nobody 
thinks the use of force is the 
most attractive option." 

The officials’ estimates con- 
flicted with the administration's 
own public threats against the 
government of Lieutenant Gen- 
eral Raoul Cfcdras, the military 
leader who overthrew Haiti's 
elected president, the Reverend 
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, in 
1991. 


Only a week ago, in Berlin, 
r. Ginl 


Mr. Clinton said that the Ce- 
dras government’s continued 
existence was intolerable. “We 
have got to bring an end to 
this," he declared. 

But even while he is keeping 


the military option on the table. 
Mr. Clinton still hopes that 
General Cidras will decide to 
leave without an armed con- 
frontation, the officials said. 

Diplomats in the Haitian 
capital said the main factor de- 
laying military action was the 
Inability of the United States 
and its key allies to assemble an 
Internationa] force to handle 
peacekeeping duties on the is- 
land after any invasion. 

The U.S. diplomat said there 
were three crucial problems in 
forming the force, which could 
include more than 15,000 
troops and civilian experts — 
“finance, mandate and com- 
mand and control'’ That means 
the countries involved in 
nizing the plan have not 
.on how to pay for the force, 
what it is supposed to achieve 
and who would run the opera- 
tion. 

Those are major obstacles, 
said a diplomat from a country 
that has been asked to contrib- 
ute to the force. “Those three 
elements are the defining ones," 
the envoy said. “Without all 
three in place, there is no inter- 
national force.” 

He added that his govern- 
ment’s assessment was that it 


would take “two or three 
months” before the internation- 
al unit was in place. “My gov- 
ernment win not take part as 
rhing s stand now," he said. -He 
• added that “we fully expect the 
issues to be settled." 


■ Preparations at UN 

The United States has begun 
to lay the diplomatic ground- 
work at the United Nations for 
a possible invasion of Haiti, 
The Washington Post reported 
from Washington. 

The Clinton administration 
wants to propose a UN Security 
Council resolution soon that 


would give the president “mari- 
ne 


mum flexibility” as he assesses 
options for returning exiled 
President Aristide to power, an 
official said. 


The subject of a possible in- 
vasion arose in discussions 
Tuesday between Secretary- 
Genera] Butros Butros Ghali 
and Undersecretary of State Pe- 
ter Tarnoff. along with the U.S. 
ambassador to the United Na- 
tions. Madeleine K. AlbrighL 
The talks focused mainly on the 
size and mission of an eventual 
UN peacekeeping force for 
Haiti, however. 


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Islamic Group Denies Any Role in Argentine Blast 


Cotr?nied by Our Staff From Dapmdtes 

BEIRUT — The pro-Iranian Hezbollah 
group on Wednesday denied involvement 
in the bombing of a Jewish community 
center in Buenos Aires in which at least 34 
people were killed. 

“We in Hezbollah deny having any links 
to the incident of Buenos Airesrthe group 
said in a statement in Beirut 

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel 
had accused Iran and Hezbollah, or Party 
of God, of links to Monday's blast Iran 
also denied the charge. 

The statement by Hezbollah described 
Mr. Rabin as “an international terrorist” 
and accused Israel of launching a terror 
campaign against Muslims. Hezbollah 
leaders had vowed to hit bad: “anywhere 
in the world” soon after an Israeli air raid 


against a training «*mp in the Val- ’ 
ley in Lebanon on June 2, in which 26 
guerriDas were killed. They had also 
threatened to retaliate after Israeli com- 
mandos snatched a guerrilla leader from 
his Bekaa Valley home on May 21. 

In Buenos Aires on Wednesday, more 
bodies were pulled from the rubble as 
rescuers searched with diminishing hopes 
for dozens believed buried by a deadly 
blast that flattened the offices of two Jew- 
ish groups. 

Dr. Alberto Crescent!, head of the 
Emergency Medical System, said a mini- 
mum of 34 people died At least 127 people 
were wounded, and Jewish leaders on 
Tuesday issued a fist of 74 people feared 
buried in the ruins. 

Workers no longer heard voices under 



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Driving m Southeast France? Careful 

NICE (Reuters) — Multilingual signs have been erected in 
toll way p arking antes in southeastern France to warn travelers 
against muggers and car thieves. The company m a rtag i n g the 
toDways said it had put up 270 signs in German, English, Italian 
and French to warn tourists not to leave ignition keys or valuables 
in their care. -V _- 

. It also installed extra li ghting in parking areas and roadways 
leading to parking areas and installed phones connected to the 
nearestpohee station. Tourists requiring assistance can phone free 
by dialing 17, the company said. 

It said the police would double patrols during the summer and 
. that 500,000 leaflets of warning and advice would be handed out a 
toll booths. 

Trans World Airlines is ending service to 13 cities in the eastern 
United States on Sept 18. All were served by Trans World 
Express, the commuter subsidiary of the St Louis-based airline. 
Trans World Express said service would be discontinued to 
Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Ithaca^ Rochester, Syracuse and 
Newburgh, New York; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; Manchester, 
New Han^pshire; Providence, Rhode Island; Richmond, Virginia; 
and Portland and Providence, Maine. Service will continue to the 
New York hub from Washington, Baltimore, Boston, Hart- 
ford/ Springfield, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Norfolk, Virginia, and 
Columbus, Ohio. <WP) 

United Ahfines and Northwest Akfines have won permission 
from to offer more flights to Osaka, Japan. United will be allowed 
to fly 21 round-trip flights a week to Osaka, up from 1 1 flights. 
Northwest will increase its service to 18 flights from 17. The 
changes trill take place after the opening of the new Kansai 
airport in Osaka oa Sept. 4. Starting Aug 28, Northwest Airlines 

E lans to discontinue its unprofitable service between the United 
lates and Australia via- Japan. (Bloomberg, AP) 

China has agreed to let more foreign tourist groups travel to 
Tibet from Nepal to promote tourism in both countnes. (AP) 


the pile of jagged glass, steel and concrete, 
but were continuing the search anyway. 
Dr. Crescenti said. About 70 Israeli ex- 
perts arrived late Tuesday and immediate- 
ly began going over the debris with listen- 
ing devices, and. German shepherds. 

President Carlos Sadi Menem has called 
the explosion an attack and said it was 
planned “from abroad and helped by peo- 
ple here.” _ 

An Iraqi man carrying an expired Bra- 
zilian passport was detained Monday 
night while trying to cross to Brazil, Mr. 
Menem said. He was identified in news 
reports as Mohammed Yousif, aged 31. 

A Moroccan man, identified as Kabi& 
Palkan, 33, was detained near the explo- 
sion, Mr. Menem said - 

(Reuters, AP) 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 





m pro l _\\a 



,.'»w r . 


^ * i i'i. . 


' >*■ «,• 




** 


Page 3_ 


THE AMERICAS/ 


■? '■<*«. 


'* POLITICAL MOTES* 


Pwnocrate Say Chicago's the Owe In *96 

CHICAGO — Hoping to erase the stain of the violent 1968 
convention from the image of the Democratic Party and the 
city of Chicago, party officials said they had selected this city 
as the host for their 1996 presidential nominating convention. 

Mayor Richard M. Daley is clearly k»pw to burnish the 
lxragfi of the city and the Daley f amil y His late father. Mayor 
Richard J. Daley, was seen on national television during the 
1968 convention defending the brute force u sed against Viet- 
nam War protesters by his police force. 

The son became somewhat defensive about 1968 in an 
interview on Tuesday. “It could have fay" any place in the 
country,” the mayor said. “It was the right place but the 
wrong tune, 1968, with Vietnam, the Kennedy assassination, 
the lung assassination." (NYT) 

Unde Sam, as Boss, Qata Higher Ratings 

WASHINGTON — Federal workers were much happier 
about their jobs at the end of the Bush administration than 
they were three years earlier, according to a survey. 

The findings by the Merit Systems Pr o tection Board 
showed that 67 percent of federal workers in late 1992 would 
have recommended the government as an employer, up 
sharply from 49 percent in 1989. The survey, released Tues- 
dayjis taken every three years. 

“The survey showed that the federal government is attract- 
ing quality applicants and almost three-quarters of the em- 
ployees surveyed report general job satisfaction,” the board 
found. (WP) 

That Chacfc Roalfy Might Bm In tha Mall 

WASHINGTON — Postal inspectors recently discovered 
millions of pieces of undelivered mail at two of Washington’s 
largest post offices. 

Inspectors, conducting a surprise audit of the region’s 
major mail facilities, said managers at the Southern Maryland 
plant in Capitol Heights routinely stashed unprocessed mail 
in parked trailers to avoid counting the mail as delayed. They 
found mail delayed for up to rune days, inducting 23 million 
pieces of bulk business letters, and 800.000 first-class letters 
held up for three days. 

Washington was recently found to have the slowest mail 
delivery of any large city in the nation. (WP) 

Quote/ Unquote ' 

President Bill Clinton, as to whether he would settle for 
something less than universal, employer-financed health care 
coverage: “We know we're not going to get right at 100 
percent, but we know that you've gpt to get somewhere in the 
ballpark of 95 percent or upwards.” (LAT) 


Stop Fighting and Pass Health Plan, Public Tells Congress 


By Maureen Dowd 

New fork 77/na Service 

NEW YORK — Amid the 
cacophony of warring health 
care plans and partisan jibes, 
the public remains strongly 
committed to getting a plan 
passed and continues to en- 
dorse universal coverage. 

Americans are as concerned 
about health care as they are 
about crime, and a majority say 
they are willing to pay higher 
taxes to get everyone insured, 
according to the latest New 
York Times/ CBS News poll. 

Eight in 10 polled continue to 
say mat it is “very important” 
that every American receive 
health i ns urance coverage. 

“The president should not 
compromise on that,” said Ro- 
berta Lake, a 21-year-old grad- 
uate of Wooster College in 
Ohio. This is a biggie for me 
because I was diagnosed last 
summer with multiple sclerosis, 
and Tm not insured. The per- 
centage of Americans who 
would get left out are those who 
need it most.” 

Miss Lake was one of the 
respondents who agreed to fol- 
low-up interviews after partici- 
pating in the nationwide tele- 
phone poll of 1,339 adults, 
taken last week. The poll has a 
margin of sampling error of 
plus or minus three percentage 
points. 

While President Bill Clinton 
has succeeded m pushing health 
care to the top of the national 
agenda, be has not benefited 
from it politically because he is 
mired in growing skepticism 
about Washington’s ability to 
quickly pass any son of health 
care plan. His overall job ap- 
proval rating has slipped slight- 
ly to 42 percent, just about the 
same percentage that elected 
him in 1992. 

Nevertheless, most people 



Win MtNinxr'ReuwT. 

A Massachusetts family without health insurance discussing their plight with President Ginton at a caf£ in Boston. 

Clinton Denies Retreating From Universal Insurance 


Reuren 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton denied Wednesday that he was 
backing away from his goal of health 
insurance for all Americans, saying that 
a statement a day earlier that was widely 
interpreted as a retreat from the 100 
percent goal had been misunderstood. 

Mr. Clinton felt the need to clarify his 
position after he told the National Gov- 


ernors Association in Boston: “We know 
we’re not going to get right at 100 per- 
cent, but we know that you’ve got to get 
somewhere in the ballpark of 95 or up- 
wards, so that you stop the cost shifting 
and you have economies of scale for all 
the small business participating.'' 

At a news briefing Wednesday the 
president said that “my goal is universal 
coverage.” He added: “I have always 
said that 1 was flexible on how to get to 


universal coverage and would be willing 
to compromise on that.” 

Mr. Clinton said the 95 percent figure 
had been raised in negotiations on Capi- 
tol Hil! only as a level of coverage that, if 
not reached by a certain time, could 
trigger further congressional action. 

He said he could compromise on the 
means but not the end of universal cover- 
age. 


say they will be disappointed if 
Congress never passes a health 
care plan, and a substantial 
number — 39 percent — say 
they will be less likely to re-elect 


a member of Congress who 
votes against a health care plan. 

Leonard Smith, a 40-year-old 
unemployed plumber and part- 
time fanner from southeastern 


Iowa, sees it this way: “Clin- 
ton's trying to do something 
that needs to be done, but he 
himself doesn't have the power 
to do diddly squat, ff the Dem- 


ocrats are for something, the 
Republicans automatically 
think they have to be against it. 
They won’t work for what's 
right.” 


Away From Politics 

• A section of an earthquake-damaged free- 
way wall collapsed in the San Fernando Val- 
ley in Southern California, crushing one con- 
struction worker to death and injuring 
another, authorities said. 

• Hie post office commem o rated the 25th 
anniversary of the first moon landing by issu- 
ing a pair of stamps. The stamps depict an 
astronaut otr the moon’s surface and come in 
29-cent and $9.95 values, for first class mail 
and Express Mail use. 


• A 3-year-old girl fleeing a bee was shot and 
seriously wounded when she ran into the line 
of fire of two target-shooters. Pennsylvania 
State Police said two juveniles were ’target- 
shooting under an adult's supervision when 
Jena Sweitzer of Red Lion ran up. 

• A National Guard artillery unit overshot its 

target, sending shell fragments ricocheting 
through a Michigan home and shooting 
through its walls. Robert and Joan Hutton 
were at the movies when the 105mm howitzer 
smoke round exploded between their vaca- 
tion home and a neighbor’s cottage near 
Camp Grayling, ap 


CIA Women: Too Much Cloak, Not Enough Dagger 


By Walter Pincus 

Washington Pau Service 

WASHINGTON — Nearly a third of 
the CIA’s female case officers have joined 
to allege that the agency’s clandestine ser- 
vice has discriminated against women in 
promotions, jobs abroad and spy duties. 

Lawyers representing the group were 
prepared to file a class action complaint in 
U.S. District Court last year, but held off 
when the Central Intelligence Agency 


agreed to enter negotiations to resolve the 
matter, according to the women's lawyers 
and CLA officials. 

The dispute began in December 1992, 
when a mid-level female officer went to an 
attorney after she was denied promotion 
upon her return to the United States from 
an overseas tour. 

In succeeding months more women 
came forward with claims of discrimina- 
tion. and agreed to file a lawsuit unless a 


settlement was reached. More than 100 
women have signed up. 

Both sides declined to discuss the issue 
until recently. 

According to an attorney representing 
the complainants, the careers of women 
intelligence officers have suffered because 
they have been given administrative and 
reporting functions when overseas rather 
than the task of recruiting and developing 
agents. 


If Mr. Smith is resigned, Es- 
tia Douglas. 68, a grandmother 
and Democrat from Orlando, 
Florida, is riled. “The Republi- 
cans are coming up with a lot of 
garbage about how we can’t af- 
ford to cover everybody.” she 
said. “Well, we couldn’t afford 
to send a man on the moon, 
either, but we did. didn’t we?” 

Although the public has a 
clear preference for universal 
coverage, a slight majority be- 
lieves that it will be all right if 
Mr. Clinton compromises at 95 
percent coverage. 

“It’ll have to be scaled 
down.” Mr. Smith said. “Ii’IT 
never pass the way it is. Clinton 
is like the guy who wants $75 
for his bicycle so he asks 5150 to 
start with. It’s just a selling 
game." • 

Roma Templeton. 39. an of- 
fice supervisor from League 
City, Texas, near Houston, 
agreed that the president 
“should compromise on a few 
things to get it passed and then 
work on those tilings later.” 

Ms. Templeton said she was 
not averse to higher taxes. “Ei- 
ther you pay more in taxes or 
you pay more in health care,” 
she said. “It’s one or the other.’’ 

Like some others inter- 
viewed, she suggested that per- 
haps Mr. Clinton and his wife, 
Hillary, should have brought 
the country’ along a little more 
slowly. 

The public is split on the is- 
sue of employer mandates and 
abortion coverage. 

Forty-nine percent of people 
say employers should be re- 
quired to pay most of the cosl of 
health insurance for all their 
workers, while 40 percent say 
employers should only be re- 
quired to offer their workers a 
chance to buy their own health 
insurance. 

Fifty-three percent say abor- 
tion should not be covered by a 
basic health care plan, but 16 
percent want abortion automat- 
ically covered, and 28 percent 
say it should be an available 
option. 

As Mr. Clinton leads a selling 
blitz this week on his health 
care plan, he will at least find an 
audience tim agrees that the 
problem is pressing. For the 
first time this year, when asked 
to name the most important 
problem facing the country, 19 
percent choose health care, 
equal to the 19 perceifi that cite 
crime and violence. 




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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


U.S. Births by Unwed Surge 


By Steven A. Holmes 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Census Bu- 
reau reports that births to unwed mothers 
soared by more than 70 percent in just 10 
years, from 1983 to 1993. 

The report comes as a debate on reducing 
welfare rolls is focusing new attention on 
unwed mothers. 

According to the bureau, 63 million chil- 
dren, or 27 percent of all children under the 
age of 18, lived with a single parent in 1993 
who had never married. This compares with 
3.7 million in 1983. 

While indicating that the annual increase in 
the number of children bora out of wedlock 
slowed somewhat in the 1980s, the report 
documented a sharp rise in such births over 
three decades. 

In I960, there were 243,000 children living 
with one parent who had never married. That 
number climbed to 63 million by last year. 

The figures are compiled in an annual re- 
port by the Census Bureau titled “Marital 
Status and Living Arrangements.” 

According to the report, 57 percent of 


black children are living with one parent who 
has never married, compared with 21 percent 
of while children and 32 percent in the His- 
panic community. 

The statistics included in the annual report 
also document other trends associated with 
the breakdown of the American family: 

• The number of unmarried adults nearly 
doubled, to 72.6 million from 37.5 million, 
from 1970 through 1993, with 58 percent of 
this group made up of adults who have never 
manted. 

• The number of people who are divorced 
tripled to 16.7 million in 1993 from 4.3 mil- 
lion in 1970. 

• Men and women alike continue to delay 
marriage, with the median age at first mar- 
riages rising last year to 263 years for men 
and 243 years for women. The figures repre- 
sent the highest median age at marriage for 
both men and women since 1890. 

• The delay in marriage is greatesi among 
blades, with 22 percent of black women age 
40 to 44 never haring been married, com- 
pared with 7 percent of while women and 9 
percent of Hispanic women. 


Will O. J. Simpson Jurors Seek Justice or Profit? 

tTV. 1*7 InmrC W1 


The Aaodated Press 


LOS ANGELES —In select- this one gels better every day. A 
ing a jury for O. J. Simpson's lot of people want to be part of 
murder trad, lawyers could be it." • ’ . 

confronted with a new problem _Mr. Simpson, 47, is charged 
of the media age: people an- with murder in the stabbing 
gling to get on the jury in order deaths erf his former wife, Ni- 
lo sell their stories and trio 15 cole Brown Simpson, and her 
minutes of fame. friend Ronald Goldman. If Mr. 

“I've never seen it before,” 

said Jo-EDan Dimitrius, a jury tors could seek the death penal- 


Soap operas are so popular, and Los Angeles police officer in the 


minutes of fame. friend Ronald Goldman. If Mr. what wei 

“I've never seen it before.” Stmpsonis^nricted, prosecu- What 
said Jo-EDan Dimitrius, a jmy tors could seek the death penal- isthepa 

consultant “Usually, people *3f- . , n , , . . 

want to know how they Snget Harland Braun defended a *Once 

out of serving on the jiuy. In — — 
this case, they’re coming up to 

American s Lottei 

case r ” 

The Auodaud Pms 

“There’s the aspect of poten- NEWPORT, Rhode Island — It has 
tial economic gam by jurors, been nearly half a century since John Gon- 
And everyone, as Andy Warhol satKS Sr . walked oat on his wife and three 
said, warns gen 15 minutes of Now that he has won the lottery! to 
fa ™7 said Ms. Dimitnus, who the tune of $5.1 million, she says it is time 

helping lawyers uncover the bi- fig glaives came face-to-face with 
ases of prospective jurors. Marie nines in Family Court. She « shine 


Los Angeles police officer in the the question q sakt° C °° ***** 

federal trial over the beating of “LyjK?! said. In a related development, the 

Rodney King and saw jurors victor acquit. NBC network said it had 

sell interviews to television. He Aloy&sUnh’eraiyJawpro- that Mr. Simpson was 

estimated that in the Simpson ( cs&0 ( t Laurie Levenson, smd preparing to offer a $250,000 
case ajuror could get $25,000 to that a juror could envision the w help police locate 

$50,000 within the first 24 hours ga^tion of a headline scream- ^ ^al killed of his former 
after a verdict for the story of Was the Juror Who yfift her friend. Although 

what went on in the jury room. Saved O. J. Simpson From the proclaiming his innocence, Mr. 
' Se** Gas Chanter Sirnnson has been silent until 

ing ta5ored for news value. 

“Once they get on the jury. 


“They know this is a lot more now about finding whoever 

salSedSi, T Was One of the committed the crane. 


Sel°I American’s Lottery Jackpot Jogs His Ex- Wife’s Memory 


neipmg lawyers uncover me m- for Gonsalves came face-to-face with 
ases of prospective jurors. Marie Hines in Family Court. She is suing 

“There’s also the attraction him for back alimony for the nine years she 
we all have to a celebrity's dirty remained unmarried, for back child sop- 
laundry being aired in public, port, and for interest. 


Mrs. Hines, 73, and Mr. Gonsalves, 71, 
have not spoken to each other since the. 
day be left her in 1946. Their children are 
now aged 50, 52 and 54. Mire. Hines, who 
has been married to her second husband 
for 39 years, found out about her former 1 
husband’s good fortune through a newspa- 
per dipping sent by a relative, said hex 
lawyer, Thomas Kelly. 

Mr. Gonsalves’ lawyer, David Bazar, 
said she had never tried to make her for- 
mer husband pay support until he won the 


Megabucks payoff in March, even though 
he Bad never lived more than an how’s 
drive from her home. “She bad 48 years 
prior to to bring this man before the 
court and die didn’t do it,” he said. “She- 
knew where he was.” . 

Judge Peter Palumbo Jr. postponed Mr. 
Bazar’s motion to dismiss the case until 
Sept. 12. The judge also granted Mr. Kel- 
ly’s request for a meeting with Mr. Gon- 
salves to answer questions about why he 
left Mrs. Hines. 


INTERNATIONAL RECRUITMENT 



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FINANCE STAFF 


Uniled Nation* Relief and Works Agency tor Palestine 
Refugees in the Near East providing education, health 
and relief and social services to a large refugee 
population in the Middle East requires Finance Staff for 
its Field Office in West Bank and ip> Headquarters Office 
in Austria*. Work in the Field Office includes preparing 
Field Budget submissions, maintaining accounts and 
financial records, monitoring budget and expenditure, 
receipt, safeguarding and disbursement of cash, advising 
on financial matters, managing, instructing and training 
local staff and operating a computer based itnance 
system. Work in Headquarters includes specialization in 
accountancy, budgeting and treasury management. 
Applicants are required to have a university degree in 
accountancy, business administration or a related field. 
They should also be a member oi a professional body of 
account arils and have eight years' relevant experience 
including rive years at senior level in a large 
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spoken and written English is essential. Additional 


UNITED NATIONS 


desirable qualifications include working knowledge of 
Arabic, working experience in the UN system and 
course work in public administration and EDP systems. 
Annual tax-free remuneration plus fringe benefits: 
Deputy Chief, Accounts Division, HQ(Vietma)* 
U5S70,660 (single) and USS7S,980 fwidi dependents). 
Field Finance Officer, West -Bank U 5555,920 (single) 
and US$60.1 30 (with dependents!. 

Applications before 8 August 1994 to: Chief, Recruitment 
and Staff Development Division (VN/13/94), UNRWA- 
HQ-Vienna, Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 700, 
-VI 400 Vienna. Austria, Fax No. (0043) 11) 230 7487 
UNRWA is an equal opportunity employer and 
welcomes applications equally from men and women. 
Normally many applications are received. We will only 
be able to respond to those applicants in whom dip 

Agency has a further interest. 

• The Vienna Headquarters Offices are due to be 
relocated in Gaza by the end ofl 995. 


NATIONS UNIES 


GENERAL POSITIONS 
■ WANTED 


hUNooreatMAN. <3, us mm k 1 

manager wrej strong ec&adtost 
people ridfc fluent n french. 

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fan ( operobo ra. import -export, scfcsj 
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Management Selection 


Our client ranks amongst the largest producers in Europe of windows 
and doors as well as the related product range. In 1993, the enterprise 
reached a total turnover of nearly USD 350m with 1,700 employees. 
During the passed year, our client created a majority production joint 
venture in Poland. An immediate requirement has arisen for an abled 
and experienced 

General Manager Poland 

building/construction industry 

based in Warsaw, to assume overall responsibility for developing the 
local business. Reporting to the European headquarters in Germany, 
the General Manager will be tasked with setting up and expanding the 
sales & distribution network; responsibilities will further include human 
resources. * 

Ideally of Polish origin, the successful! candidate should be a graduate 
with experience in the building and construction industry or any 
related area, particularly in sales & marketing. Essential attributes for 
this outstanding career opportunity are excellent interpersonal skills, 
commercial flair, resourcefulness and a high degree of self-motivation 
as well as an effective management style. Polish and English or 
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remuneration package includes highly competitive base salary, 
performance related bonus, company car and local housing. 

Please write . enclosing a detailed CV in English or German to H. 
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H. Neumann Management Selection • KsKhstraBe19 - D-10787 Berlin - Telefon 030/2 11 9937- 2 11 9965 
0n UntBmetrnen der H. Neumann Consulting Group 

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SAIC is an employee-owned company that offers a com- 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


Page 5 


•- _ *, 
• :..^k 


r I a t»land 

! r? v * 


EUROPEAN 

TOPICS 

Plans Gets Greener 
In Surprising Places 

Paris has grown greener in 
recent years and it wants to 
keep doing so. 

Since 1977, 120 hectares 
(■300 acres) of park space has 
been added, twice as much 
as in the past century. But 
with land becoming more 
scarce, the city’s new focus is 
on bringing greenery to ar- 
eas where once it was impos- 
sible. 

So an international con- 
test, the brainchild of Mayor 
Jacques Chirac’s deputy for 
green spaces, Jacqueline Ne- 
bout, posed a challenge: 
“How can we grow plants on 
concrete slabs ana vertical 
walls?” 

A flood of imaginative 
proposals poured in. -The 
winning idea came from the 
Spanish architectural team 
of Caniedo, Colas and Fer- 
. ' nandez of Zaragoza, wbo 
proposed an ingenious sys- 
tem of vaulted domes tosup- 
. port the roofs of under- ! 
ground parking lots. Such : 
roofs once could support 
only a thin covering of sod, 
but the new method would 
allow for layers of up to 3.5 
meters (11 feet). With Paris 
adding 5,000 underground 
parking places a year, the 
suggestion is expected to 
find wide use. 

Second prize went to a 
Paris landscaper, Georges 
Hayfcre, for his ideas on ver- 
tical gardens. He suggested . 
concocting a sort of paste, 
made of seeds, a substance 
to transform plant debris 
into humus, and a product 
to aerate the “soil,” all 
bound together by an organ- 
ic glne. This could be 
spr ayed onto walls. 

SETEC a Paris firm; took 
third prize with an idea for 
protecting trees from nearby 
excavation work by placing 
a series of tubes under the 
roots. During recent renova- 
tion work on the Champs- 
Elystes, the City spent 
400,000 francs each (about 
575,000) to protect trees. 
The new method would cut 
that by more than one- third. 

Around Europe 

The G erman* are happier 
flun they realize — or will 


ttdnaV That, at least, is the 
result of a survey erf 3,000 
' people’ by the Institute for 
ftsctieaLSodaJ: Research in 
Mannhom, reported by the 
daily Die Welt 

Thus, an overwhelming 
number of those polled said 
they wfire satisfied with their 
own lives — 93 percent in 
the West and .76 percent in 
the: East- —r but most as- 
sumed that their fellow Ger- 
mans were less content: 
Only 43 -percent, in both - 
East. -and West, said they 
thought most people in the 
country were satisfied. Simi- 
larly, £8 percent in the West 
ana 44 percent in the East 
said their- own economic sit- . 
uation was good, but only 15 
percent in the West and 9 
percent in the East thought . 
the country's situation was 
good. 

A partial .explanation for 
the perception gap might be 
found in the answer to an- 
other question. Asked, “Do 
we Germans complain too 
’ much??'- 78 percent of those 
-in the West and 62 percent 
of Easterners said yea. 

Authorities have decided 
to set aside 70 Hrfxed ceOs in 
the new wing of Arajuez 
prison, in Spain, for hus- 
bands and wives wbo are 
both serving jail terms. 
Space will also be provided 


Space win also be provided 
for tbdr young children. 

Black and Asian fandSes 
in Britain are being paid to 
take In white policemen for a 
weekend as part of a pro- 
gram to promote racial un- 


The program, already suc- 
cessfully tested; will be in- 
troduced nationwide in Sep- 
tember. About 400 English 
and Welsh officers axe ex- 
pected to take part each 
year. 

Inspector Geoffrey 
- Whcelhouse, a 24-year veter- 
an of the force m Batley, 
West Yorkshire, where he 
-had tittle contact with nan- 
whites, recently spent a 
weekend with two men of 
Ghanaian and Jamaican de- 
scent, who took him to a 
meeting at a localyouth cen- 
ter. As he told The Sunday 
Times: “There were two 
Rastafarians there, people 
with quite different lifestyles 
and looks, but I wanned to 
them. I finish ed up playing 
the drums with them and do- 
ing the samba.” 

Brian KnowRon 



Japanese Leader: About-Face 

Socialist Ends Party’s Opposition to Military 


By T.R. Reid 

Wwtaogttw pm Service 

TOKYO —The prime minis- 
ter stood before a special ses- 
sion of Parliament on Wednes- 
day to mak e a statement that 
was — for him — of historic 
proportions. The Japanese mili- 
tary, he said, is legal. 

Not only that, added Prime 
Minis ter Tomiichi Murayama, 
but the national flag is legal as 
well. And so is the national an- 
them. 

These pronouncements 
would hardly qualify as block- 
busters for most Japanese, wbo 
support the quarter-million - 
member armed forces with a 
huge budget and routinely see 
the familiar red sun flag flap- 
ping to the national anthem, 
“Kimi ga Ya” when television 


Cicny hrfli Agcecj ?SM-Prp< 


HALLELUJAH — Archbishop Desmond Tuto doing an impromptu dance of celebration 
as he emerged from Westminster Abbey on Wednesday with the Very Reverend Michael 
Mayne aftera thanksgiving service for Sooth Africa’s entry into the Commonwealth. 

4 Milan Magistrates Resume Duties 


Compiled be Ow Staff From DtspaKha 

ROME — Milan's four leading anti-corrup- 
tion judges resumed their activities Wednesday 
after forcing Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi to 
retreat on a decree limiting their detention 
powers. 

Antonio Di Pietro, an investigating magistrate 
whose threat to quit along with his three col- 
leagues nearly toppled the government, refused 
any comment 

Francesco Severino Borrdti, the public pr exe- 
cutor who the Milan team leading the 30- 
month-old corruption investigations in Italy, 
said: “This was not a football match with the 
magistrates' team playing the government team." 

“We only gave a technical judgment on what 


should and what should not be included in the 
law” he said. 

But despite their reticence, there was no doubt 
a battle had been fought and that the magistrates 
had won. 

“In the end, it was the so-called 'party of llie 
magistrates' that left Berlusconi with his back to 
the wall," the Com ere della Sera newspaper sard 
in a front-page editorial. 

It was the sight of Mr. Di Pietro — unshaven 
and obviously upset, reading a statement on 
televirion on magistrates' objections to the law 
and asking, along with his colleagues, to be 


networks sign off the air each 
night. 

But Mr. Murayama is leader 
of the Social Democratic Party 
— the first Socialist head of 
state here in 46 years. His paci- 
fist, leftist party has vigorously 
rejected the constitutionality of 
the military, the flag and the 
anthem for more than four de- 
cades. 

To have its leader endorse all 
three in one session of Parlia- 
ment was a stunning, and per- 
haps fatal, blow to the party- 

Mr. Muray am 


Mr. Murayama was forced to 
cast aside the chief pillar of his 
party’s platform after he cut a 
political deal last month that 
made him prime minister. 

To get the top job, the 70- 
year-old Socialist had to form a 
coalition with his party's chief 


adversary, the Libera! Demo-] 
craiic Party — despite the, 
name, the most conservative of < 
Japan's major parties. | 

This marriage of political] 
convenience has been savaged] 
in the press as the '‘no-principle i 
coalition" and the “afternoon 
quickie coalition." U is also un- 
popular; opinion polls this 
week show Mr. Murayama’s ap- 
proval rating hovering near 35 
percent, with considerably 
higher percentages registering 
disapproval. 

In addition to popular disap- 
proval, the prime minister's dal- 
liance with the right has cost 
him dearly in the liberal wing of 
his own party. 

Mr. Murayama’s policy shift 
seems almost certain to split his 
party. 


Briton Says Visit Helped China Ties 


moved to other duties — that swung public 
opinion heavily against the government, the pa- 
persaid. (AFP, Reuters) 


The Associated Press 

HONG KONG — Britain’s 
chief minister on Hong Kong 
said Wednesday that he be- 
lieved Chinese-British relations 
were on the mend, even though 
he received a cool reception on 
his visit to China. 

“This was a worthwhile vis- 
it,” the minister, Alastair Good- 
lad, said on his arrival in the 
British colony from China. “1 
believe that the visit was a step 
toward better understanding.” 

He said he expected Hong 
Kong to be high on the agenda 
of talks between the Chinese 
foreign minister, Qian Qichen, 
and the British foreign secre- 
tary, Douglas Hard, when they 
met in New York in September 
at a session of the United Na- 
tions. 

Mr. Goodlad arrived in Hong 
Kong from Guangzhou, 
Guangdong Province. _ Hong 
Kong newspapers said, his 
scheduled meeting there with a 
provincial deputy governor was 
canceled Tuesday and replaced 
with a meeting with a lower- 
ranking trade official, Wu 
Mingguang. deputy director of 
the Guangdong Foreign Trade 
and Economic Commission. 

At a news conference, Mr. 
Goodlad was not asked about 
the cancellation. 

In Beijing, Mr. Goodlad met 
Mr. Qian and Deputy Minister 
Jiang Pn7.h u but his meeting 
with Lu Ping, director of Chi- 
na's Hong Kong and Macao 


Affairs Office, was canceled. 

The cancellation of the meet- 
ing with Mr. Lu was interpreted 
as a of China's continued 
anger over Britain's introduc- 
tion of democratic reforms in 
Hong Kong before the territory 
reverts to Chinese sovereignty 
in 1997. 


Mr. Goodlad said he told Mr. 
Qian and Mr. Jiang that he 
hoped differences between Brit- 
ain and China over the demo- 
cratic reforms could be put 
aside to concentrate on Hong 
Kong's turnover because “there 1 
is much to be done and little 
time in which to do it.** 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

• Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday _ 

Real Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact PhIDp Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

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\ Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THtJRSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


!!’■■ 

V; 


After Communisms 
Solidarity Movement 
Seeks a Polish Role 


By Jane Perlez 

. v York Times Senior 

' WARSAW — The sinkers ai 
^negates of the steel works here 
look eerily familiar. The name 
*;pi their union. Solidarity, re- 
rl/nains unchanged, and the jag- 
.-.ged red lettering that became 
.j synonymous with the fight for 
^-freedom is instandv recoeniz- 
y able. 

But five years after Solidarity 
|r frrought down the Communists 
ui Poland, the union is search- 
mg_ for a role. From a mass 
_% social movement that included 
.. intellectuals and street cleaners, 
/.Solidarity is struggling to posi- 
-,.lion itself as a trade union de- 
'oted to bread-and-butter is- 
sues. 

, i The 40-day strike at the Huta 
. Warszawa steel works, once a 
model of Communist central 
« planning, is the union's biggest 
.. test in its new role. 

- . " Before we worked on every- 

■ .thing: economic, political and 
social," Maciej Jankowski, the 

v .burly, fair-haired leader of the 
- .union's Warsaw chapter, said as 
. 4ie prepared to address a rally of 
. .the strikers at the entrance of 
,the shuttered plant. 

"Now this is strictly wages. 
• We want to achieve a collective 
■ agreement with management 
..•that requires management- 
union negotiations for years to 
;.cume." 

? * The steel workers walked out 
Klasi month demanding 30 per- 
■' cent pay increases and modem- 
t-'izntion of the outdated plant by 
the Italian steel company Luc- 
■^chini, which bought the mill 
-.-two years ago. 

r, "lhe union says the company 
' reneged on a deal in which Soli- 
darity agreed to a reduction in 
j, workers from 4,900 to 3.300 in 
-.'[.exchange for investment of 

180 million to upgrade the 
/plant. 

■ 1 The company asserts that the 
“ modernization 'has been stalled 

because the Polish government 
V! failed to provide clear owner- 
“ ship title on the property. 

As the economic landscape in 
Poland has shifted, Solidarity 
has found it hard to adjust. For- 
eign companies with tough 
management styles run a num- 
ber of former state enterprises. 
In companies thal remain in 
late hands, managements seem 


more concerned with prw.iiu.- 
livity than happy w. rkerc. 

And in many nu« prisotciv 
held Polish companies, the 
union does not exist at all. If it 
does, it has to fight over rela- 
tively small issues like manage- 
ment's refusal to deduct union 
dues automatically. 

Complicating the union's sit- 
uation is its loss of political 
clout. 

Lech Walesa, who led Soli- 
darity in its most dazzling peri- 
od, beginning in 19SU. and i-. 
now Poland's president, fell «nt 
with the union and is timiM'll 
one of the country's most un- 
popular politicians, 

Solidarity's new leader*, like 
the taciturn Mr. Jankowski, 
find it hard to capture the 
imagination of workers embit- 
tered by their declining eco- 
nomic circumstances. 

And in an about-face caused 
by the election of a govenrni-iu 
of former Communists last 
year. Solidarity factory workers 
now have to cooperate with 
their once bitter opponents, the 
Polish National Trade Union, 
which was created by the Com- 
munists to counter Solidarity in 
the 1980s. 

Inevitably. Solidarity's es- 
teem among the public has 
dropped. Nearly 70 percent of 
those polled earlier this year 
said Solidarity had deteriorated 
since the early 1980s. 

At the outdoor meeting 
day, held against the backdrop 
of a silent factory, the workers 
seemed frustrated and intent on 
one thing: more money. They 
complained that with Poland's 
inflation and soaring rents they 
could not survive on the month- 
ly average wage < >> 4.2 mi Minn 
zlotys, or about >_0M. 

“In the 1980s we struck spon- 
taneously for a better life." suit! 
Andrzq Styszek. 48. who has 
worked os an ele.trician at rhe 
plant since be w : , 15. 

“But now that better lifj !:;i. 
turned its back on us. All Mu- 
prices are rising — apartments, 
energy, up. I haw a f.-.mih >»l 
four and before would on 
vacation and wc had money led 
over. Now three salaries 
wouldn't pay iur it. We work 
harder now and get paid les-.” 



■Ti'iHii fru /V. 

HELSINKI - Rus-ian offi- 
cials said WirJnc-J.iv (hat two 
days of talk., here with Esto- 
nians had failed to resolve 
problems hoI«Ji'.. ; up the with- 
drawal of Ru.sm:i:', i.Y«.ps from 
the Baltic nation. 

A Russian deputy foreign 
minister. Viiuli I. Churkin, said 
at a news ender- in after talks 
with the Estonian dete^ation, 
“Some minor tiling:, were 
cleared up. but the meeting fell 
short of expectations" 

Speaking at the uirpoit he- 
leturninj: to M<»v»*w. Mr. 

Choi-s. , ri . jid ; liv. r„ • jiii. kiny 
ro:nt ovt, j-,u-»i\uVi.-.. , de- 
manded by Mo.-:ov> on the 
rights of rito.-.l Ru-.dan mili- 
tary officers whi.» ch'ii.ix- to re- 
main in Estonia. 

He added thal contacts 
would continue in a hid in re- 
solve the issue ;. 

The chief Estonian negotia- 


tor, Raul Malk, accused Russia 
of dragging its feet and claimed 
Moscow had decided the talks 
would fail even before they be- 
gan. 

‘We were positive and really 
wanted progress," Mr. Malk 
said. 

In Moscow, President Boris 
N. Yeltsin insisted Wednesday 
that the 2,500 troops would re- 
main in Estonia as long as the 
Estonian government did not 
ensure the rights of Russians.- 

"While Estonia does not con- 
form with international human 
rights law, we have no intention 
of withdrawing our troops,” 
Mr. Yeltsin said, according to 
the Itar-Tass news agency, after 
a warning Tuesday by Defense 
Minister Pavel S. Grachev. 

Moscow had promised to 
withdraw the soldiers from Es- 
tonia by Aug. 31. but never 
mode a formal agreement. 


Russian Hails a Military Rule 

General Says Pinochet Showed Way inChUe 


Reuters . .- ' 

MOSCOW — A leading Russian general says 
th c^KrcnjK n needs a strong army to head- off 

diet; who sdaS'po^Li^TfrOTnltotrMd 
ruled- writ an iron hand until 1988. 

In an Tntervieyr printed in Izvestia, General 
Afexander Lebed, commander of the 14th Army, 
depicted thearmpd forces asm a state of disarray 
and Russia, as inviting aggression from its neigh- 
bors; by its rweakpess. 

President Boris N. Ydtsin, he said,- h.ad. earned 
a grade - of “minus’’ for his leadership of the 
country, ' 

“We’re sawing off .the branch we’re sitting 
on," General Lebed declared in tire in terview. He 
said tire array was vital if the politicians were to 
stop Russia's decline into a territory, fit only to 
provide cheap labor and raw materials.' 


brutal manner, to shut their mouths,” General 
Lebed added, making no .specific reference to 
Russia but offering a parallel Tor anyone to see. 

General Lebed credited General Pinochet with 
having turned Chile into an economic success 
despite its "“ridiculous geography." 

The economic success of the Pinochet regime, 
he said, demonstrated that “if you bang your fist 
down once on the desk,” a leadership can get 
things done. 

General Lebed, a paratrooper with a reputa- 
tion for blunt talk, hat been relatively restrained 
over the last two years, limiting his activity to the 
Slavic-inhabited district of Moldova, where his 
army is based. 

He stayed loyal to Mr. Yeltsin as president 
and supreme rmmnanH fw during ' the uprising in 
Moscow last October. 

But in the Jzvestia interview, be made no secret 
of -his impatience with Mr. Yeltsin, who was 


But. the army expects appropriate recognition' saved in October by a belated intervention of the 


and rewards, be stressed. 

“As a rule, I'm not. one to praise Pinochet," 
General Lebed -went on as he cited the example 
of the Chilean leader who took power from 
President Salvador ADende, a Marasi who was 
slain during the coup. 

"Butwhat did he do? He saved the slate from, 
total collapse and put the army iii pride of place. 
With its help, he fenced people to get bade to 
work.” 

“The loudmouths were forced, and forced in a 


aimed forces. 

' Asked if be wanted to be president himself. 
General Lebed demurred. But he said the pest of 
defease muzister was not beyond his ambitions. 
“The commander doesn't dream of it but doesn't 
rale it out,” he said. 

Asked whom he would like to. see as president. 
General Lebed replied: “1 don’t see anyone." 

General Lebed said cutting the army to 1.5 
million from its strength of more than 2 million, 
as envisaged by Mr. Yeltsin, would be "stupid.” 


President Boris N. Yeltsin making a point Wednesday at an exhibit in Moscow by Ilya 
Glazunov, tire once controversial painter. Mr. Yeltsin was off duty five days with a cold. 

Russia and Estonia Hit Snag 


Major Replaces 4 Cabinet Members 


The Kremlin says there are 
not enough guarantees to pre- 
vent political and economic dis- 
crimination against the Russian 
minority, notably retired Rus- 
sian officers and their families, 
in the republic that was an- 
nexed by. Moscow during 
World War IL 

"We will not allow Russians 
to suffer in the Baltic countries, 
in Estonia," Mr, Yeltsin said. 

A top Yeltsin aide said 
Wednesday that Russians in 
Estonia would probably form 
an autonomous region of their 
own in the near future. 

' About 27 percent.or the 13 
million people in Estonia are 
Russian. 

Moscow has agreed to with- 
draw its contingent of approxi- 
mately 5,000 troops f rom neigh- 
boring Latvia by tbe end of 
August. It has completed a pull- 
out from Lithuania; 


By Richard Stevenson 

. Nor York Times Service 

LONDON — Seeking to breathe-new life into 
his politically troubled Conservative govern- 
ment, Prime Minister John Major on Wednesday 
replaced four members of his cabinet and pro- 
moted several of the party’s rising stars. 

Mr. Major acted a day before the opposition 
Labor Party is expected to name as its new leader 
Tony Blair, a telegenic 41 -year-old moderate 
who has helped pull Labor from the left into the 
political center and extend its lead in opinion 
polls to more than 25 points over the 
Conservatives. 

After weeks of rumors about the changes, the 
shuffle was hardly dramatic, and it m aintain ed 
the relative balance between the fractious right 
and left wings of tbe party. But H was the most 
sweeping shift he had made to Ms 23-member 
cabinet since he took office four years ago, and it 
gave Mr. Major the chance to put some fresh 
faces in important jobs. 

Mr. Major did not move his three most senior 
ministers: Kenneth Clarke, the chancellor of the 
Exchequer, or finance minister; Douglas Hurd, 
the foreign secretary, and Michael Howard, the 
Home secretary. 

But he announced the departures of four se- 
nior cabinet members in John Patten, the educa- 
tion minister; John MacGregor, the transporta- 
tion minister; Peter Brooke, the national heritage 
secretary and Lord Wakeham, the government's 
chief representative in the House of Lords. 

Mr. Patten, Mr. Broo&e and Lord Wakeham 


had all come under criticism from within the y 
party for their performances in office, and Mr. 
MacGregor had made known his desire to return 
to the business workL 

. Among those promoted was the darling of the 
party’s nght wing, Michael Portillo, 41, who 
moves from the No. 2 position at the treasury to 
become employment secretary. 

Among the others promoted is Jonathan Ait- 
ken, 51, who moves from a junior post in the 
Defense Ministry to Mr. Portillo's old job in the 
treasury, where he will be responsible for the 
sensitive task of cutting government spending. 

Brian Mawhinney. 53, the No. 2 in the health 
department, was named the new transportation 
secretary. Stephen DoneU, 42, moved up from 
the No. 3 job at the treasury to become national 
heritage secretary. Gillian Shepard, 54, who was 
agriculture secretary, becomes education 
secretary. 

' Mr. Major’s biggest problem appeared to be 
f illing the job of Conservative Party chairman, a 
cabinet-rank job that became open last month 
when Sir Norman Fowler resigned after the par- 
ty’s poor showing m local and European Parlia- 
ment elections this spring. 

Mr. Major had tried to interest Michael Hesel- 
tine, one of the cabinet's wiliest politicians, but 
Mr. Heseltine insisted that he wanted to remain 
trade and industry minister. Instead, Mr. Major 
gave toe party chairmanship to a relative un- 
known, Jeremy Hanley, a low-ranking official in 
the Defense Ministry. 



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Page. 



Tllicil Nuclear Cache 
Called a ‘Harbinger’ 


By Steve Vogel 

Washington Past Service 
WIESBADEN, Germany — 
Following the disclosure that 
weapons-grade plutonium has 
been found for the first time on 
the black market, officials at a 
meeting of leading US., Rus- 
sian and European taw enforce- 
ment authorities warned 
Wednesday that more fission- 
able material may be available 
for sale. 

Officials in Germany con- 
firmed over the weekend that 1 
six grams of phitonium-239 had 
been discovered near Stuttgart 
in May inside the garage 5fa 

■ German businessman. 

The plutonium likely origi- 
nated from a Russian nuclear 
arms plant, according to Ger- 
man authorities. 

“I believe it’s a harbinger of 
tilings to come,” declared Jim 
E. Moody, chief of the FBI’s 
organized crime and drug divi- 
sion. 

The attempted smuggling of 
nuclear materials has been a 
boom industry since the col- 
lapse of communism and disar- 
ray in the former Soviet Union, 
with Germany recording 241 
such cases: But until now, no 
case involved material of a 
high-enough grade to. create a 
nuclear weapon. 

Bernd Schmidbauer, a Ger- 
man chancellery minister over- 
seeing intelligence affairs, told 
German television that the case 
represented a '‘new, spectacular 
dimension” in nuclear stnug- 
gling- 

ChancdDor Helmut Kohl ex- 

■ pressed his concern over the 


The six grams of plutonium 
that were seized are not nearly 
enough to build .a bomb. But 
American, Russian, Italian, 
German and C ana ^ IHn law en- 
forcement officials voiced wor- 
ries that they .might represent 
'only a: - small portion of the 
weapons-grade plutonium on 
the black mark et. 

The officials were meeting in 
Wiesbaden as part of a two-day 
conference to coordinate efforts 
at fighting international orga- 
nized crime. 

“We realize it might not only 
be six grams, that there could be 
other material moving about” 
said Leopold Shuster, bead of 
the Ge rman federal crime of- 
fice’s organized crime section. 

“We need to find that out. 
We- must work to find out what 
loopholes there are in the sys- 
tem.” 

Mikhail Yegor ov, head of the 
Russian Ministry of .the Interi- 
or’s organized crime section; 
said Russian law enforcement 
agencies were cooperating in 
the investigation. 

But he said there was no firm 


Rabin Aim in Talks: 
Tear Down Walls 


proof that the seized plutonium 
had orifrii 


‘says quite cleariy it i 
Russia,” according to Mr. Shu- 
ster, who added that the find- 
ings await final confirmation. 

Some Western officials, in- 
cluding Mr. Schmidbauer, have 
asserted that some Russian gov- 
ernment officials are cooperat- 
ing with the smugglers. 

While Mr. Yegorov acknowt- 


By Clyde Haberman 

"\nt }Vr#. Timer Smite 
JERUSALEM — Trumpets 
may not sound. Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin says, but when 
he and King Hussein of Jordan 
appear publicly for the first 
lime at the White House next 
week, walls will come tumbling 
down. 

The barriers are in the na- 
tional minds, the Israeli Leader 
explains, built brick by brick 
through “an accumulation of 
hatred, suspicion, animosity, 
bloodshed, antagonistic percep- 
tion of one another.” 

“1 try to focus on one issue: 
how to bring down the psycho- 
logical walls,” he said Wednes- 
day. his voice characteristically 

rumbling along like a freight 
train, slow but insistent. It can 
be done, he added. 

When President Anwar Sa- 
dat of Egypt journeyed dramat- 
ically to Jerusalem in 1977. he 
said, Israelis quickly concluded 
that he was serious about peace. 
Within a few years, the Egyp- 
tians goi back the Sinai Penin- 
sula, captured by Israel in the 
1967 Middle East War. 

When Mr. Rabin and Yasser 
Arafat shook hands on the 
White House lawn last Septem- 
ber, an act many Israelis, in- 


A Rwandan child drinking glucose solution given by a Red Cross worker Wednesday in a refugee camp near Goma. 

originated in Russia. 

pert study by C^innaiMrfficials RWANDA: A Cholera Outbreak Threatens Refugees Along Zaire Border found 8 distasteful, it raised 

Savs Quite deariy it came from . , . . n_, ivpr .. of food was meant to entice hopes that maybe Israelis and 

Co " re#BPaS '! K Pal- 

up hundreds of bodies for burial, ous, f rorn leaders who relieve the pressure on Goma. 

Mr. de Mflliano said three C-130 turbo- ^ *e Rwandan By deliberately parking their vehicles 

S^.mu.cxDcw^beconsidered along 0, narrow asphah road o 

travenous fluid needed daily to treat a i^^ce sl iU exerted by the 

m over the v* uncivil. dreds of peopl Icdying^f chjrfora, JMr- ^ delivery of 20 tons of 

ing the Group of Seven summit 9» te „ exodm from Rwanda was pron.pl- Idlomet® nnlas west of Goma. 


newly created refugee camp at Ma- 

gnng fi hundreds of Rwandan soldiers in 
effect sought to blackmail relief workers 
into paying them off or providing them 
with food. 

For all intents and purposes the Rwan- 
dan soldiers act as if they were an occupy- 
ing, rather than a defeated, army. 


m /v-ting in Naples, according to 
press reports. 


ing official in the government 
has been found out.” 


BOSNIA: Serbs Reject Peace Plan 


HOAX: Was Moon Landing a Propaganda Fantasy ‘ 


. Continued from Page I 
whole thing was staged in the 
Arizona desert or dummied up 
on a Hollywood sound stage or 
concocted by a cabal of 


Serbia should have no special 
neutral status. 

• Economic sanctions on 

Serbia itself should be lifted as ers in Washington and the 
the Bosnian Serbs pulled back boardrooms of the great mili- 

lSmti^an“49^S tom territory to be returaed to tary-industrial complex. 
fttlerabon ana 4* pcrcepi ^ Muslims and Croats. The space hoax is a p 

The . Bosnian Serbs should larly d< 


Continued from Page 1 

accepted the plan, but did not 
like ft. The plan giveaS 1 percent 
of the territory of Bosnia-Her- 
zegovina to the Muslim-Cro- 

f ‘T. f ^ d0n WiA9 Perc “‘ ‘th'e'Mmliins md Croats. the space hoax b a parucu- 

to the Serbs. -n da.,:,* Cm-Ke chhnlri loriv delicious slice of conspira- 


says Raymond Nelke, director 
of Collectors erf Unusual Data 
International, a group that col- 
lects evidence of the bizarre 
“They are persistent, serious 
people who have some very pe- 
culiar photographs.” 

Just as any number of people 
will offer sell you odd JFK as- 


lo, and we were showing simu- 
lations of docking. I thought, 
‘Wait a min ute. The only thing 
that says this is true is a camera. 
If you can control that camera, 
you could control what people 
believe' " 

Mr. Hyams wrote the script 
in 1973 but he had to wait four 
years to find any interest 
“Young people then were so 


Israel Bars 
Palestinian 
From Talks 


iestinians could live together, 
after all. 

Now the spotlight is on Isra- 
el’s newly invigorated peace 
talks with" Jordan and the com- 
ing White House encounter be- 
tween the prime minister and 
the lting. 

Speaking before a parliamen- 
tary committee on Tuesday. 
Mr. Rabin cautioned that it 
does not mean that two coun- 
tries will suddenly clear up their 
land and water disputes and 
end five decades of a technical 
state of war. 

No, he said Wednesday, 
warming to a lecturer’s role 
from a soft chair in his office, 
the point of the White House 
meeting is simply that it lakes 
place. 

“By itself it will signal in a 
meaningful way the kind of at- 
mosphere that no doubt will fa- 
cilitate solving the practical is- 
sues,” he said. 

‘One has to understand that 


The Associated Pros 

JERUSALEM — Prime 

Minister Yitzhak Rabin or- 

dered Wednesday that the eco- questions cannot only be 


« j Ln.-Tnr— - . sassination pictures (Lee Hai- i _ 

The Muslims and Croats beehSi aTlear prospect that cy thinking: It unites left" and vey Oswald alive in 1965, Presi- ^ning to believe the govern- nomics minister of the PalesiLn- ^[ V ed by computers. It’s' not 
seemed to be hoping that a Ser- thevwiD gain international rec- nght, young and old, in abrfl- dent John F. Kennedy with W as lying,” he says. In ian self-rule government be just practical issues. The issue is 

bian “no” would label their foes or be allowed to form a liant agglomeration of igno- bullet wounds in the wrong ^ose days, audiences would ' A f "“" * renter- *- 

as responsible for the founder- Confederation with Serbia and ranee fThey couldn’t have places), there are also batches al the end of “Capricorn 

of peace talks after 27 • MontenC ero. done it"); political cynicism of photos purporting to show one,” when one tough Ameri- 

treUises and studio lights alon^ escapes from the tentacles 


mg 
mo; 

flict since Wori< 


months of Europe’s worst con- 
Worid-V 


War II. 

The big powers could bring 
tighter sanctions on Serbia, die 
enforcing of weapons-exdusion 
zones in Bosnia and the lifting 
of an anus embargo tin the 
Muslims. 

“The Contact Group have re- 
alized their bluff has been 
called,” said a diplomat dose to 
the talks- 


ranee Prhey coulda*. ££ 
Montenegro. done it”); political cymasm 

In a related development, a (*They took all that moneyand 
United Nations official in Ge- pumped it into the Star wars 
neva said that the UN airlift of 
relief aid to Sarajevo had been 
suspended after a U.S. Air 
Force cargo plane was hit by a 
round of fire .on .takeofi 
Wednesday- No casualties were 

'**** (AP, Reuters) 


sometimes irrational. Changing 
attitudes, one toward another, 
is much more important than 
one kilometer of area this way 
or that way.” It is a lesson, he 
added, that President Hafez As- 
sad of Syria might learn if he 
wants to get back the Golan 
Heights from Israel. 

It is tempting to contrast this 
While House encounter with 
the celebrated one in which Mr. 
Rabin shook Mr. Arafat's hand. 
Mr. Rabin was having none of 
it. “I don't try to compare.” he 
said. 

Still, it seems clear that for 
him and his nation, the meeting 
with King Hussein carries much 
less psychological baggage. Af- 
ter all. the prime minister ac- 
knowledged Wednesday. Mr. 
Arafat “symbolized barbaric 
terror against innocent people.” 

Just before that White House 
session, he was emotionally 
jumbled, confessing to an inter- 
viewer that his very viscera were 
in rebellion. There is no such 
turmoil in regard to King Hus- 
sein. a man the prime minister 
is known to have already met 
several times clandestinely. 

“1 will not talk about any 
meeting that took place or 
didn't,” Mr. Rabin said when 
asked about the king. But. then 
he added: “There’s no doubt in 
my mind he's a great leader of 
his country and his people, and 
I see him as a partner for the 
effort to achieve peace between 
Jordan and Israel.” 

As for Mr. Arafat, the prime 
minister declined to discuss his 
feelings about him now that 
they have met several limes. But 
the new self-rule in the Gaza 
Strip and Jericho cannot suc- 
ceed, he said, if Mr. Arafat does 
not become a responsible man- 
ager and reassure would-be for- 
eign donors skittish about 
where their money is going. 

Can Mr. Ararat leam? 

“If he will not leam it will 
bring an economic disaster, and 
we see the beginning of it in the 
Gaza Strip,” Mr. Rabin said. 
Israel will not agree to expand 
Palestinian self-rule throughout 
the territories, he added, until 
thev show they know how to 
“run a business in a way that it 
has to be run.” 

Whatever happens next week 
in Washington, the 72-year-old 
prime minister says he intends 
io take Israel further along on 
perhaps its most challenging 
voyage since its founding in 
1948. 


program”) and pure ornery 
contrariness (“I just don't be- 
lieve it-") ... 

Moonshol deniers — uniike, 
say. Holocaust deniers — seem 
to have no hidden agenda. 

“They’re not out to make 
money, they’re dead serious,” 


the edges of NASA pictures oi 
the moon. 

For years, the hoax theory 
has been bolstered by a legend 
about the movie “Capricorn 
One.” It’s a late-night cable sta- 
ple, with James Brolin, Sam 
Waterston and the above-men- 
tioned Mr. Simpson as astro- 
nauts who, mere seconds from 


of the System and, bloodied 
and exhausted, stands up for 
Truth and Justice. 

Mr. Sheer, the former NASA 
public relations man, is mysti- 
fied by the role played by a film 
he made for the private enjoy- 
ment of a select few. Five 
months after the first moon 
landing, Mr. Sheer spliced to- 


barred from attending a confer- ' mu ch more about emotion, 
ence of Palestinian investors in 

IESoMS PEACE: Israelis Meet Jordanians 

“It is very disturbing. The Isra^ Continued from Page I The Monday meeting will 

**’""* “ mark the second time since last 

September that Mr. Clinton has 
brought Mr. Rabin to Washing- 
ton for a public show of recon- 
tilation with a long-time Arab 


Analysts have Peered that KOREA: CoUL War of Words 
an ambiguous reply by the Bos- IWltJJ J 

nian Serbs would gnaw aws 


nian Serbs would gnaw away at 
the united front on Bosnia be- 
ing presented by the five big 
powers. 

The Contact Group was 
holding further meetings with 
both Bosnia's waning sides m 
Geneva, where big-power for- 
eign ministers will gather on 
July 30 to announce their reac- 


launcb toward the first landing o^ bw some erf NASA’s simula- 
on Mars, are snatched from the t , ons rea] lunar footage as a 
command module and whisked spoof film for the Man Will 
off to an abandoned airbase, iflever Fly Society, a fraternal 
where they are told to go gathering of North Carolina 
through the motions of inter- newspaper people who met 

S lanetary exploration on a year on the anniversary of 
usty, copper-toned stage set the Wright Brothers’ first flight 
Nothing is forcing the asiro- Mr. Sheer’s show was entirely 
nauts to play their assigned ^ but word of the film 
roles, except that their families | t onIO the conspiracy cir- 


Continued from Page 1 police to suppress attempts by 

i 4 .-, v- the Soviet its citizens to express condo- 

sula wh« he mrt the Sowet leoces for ^ tf Qrth Korean 

dictator Josef Stalin in Moscow- 

“ WaiTx^ to North Korea, meanwhile, 

year Wore the Koran War ^ thc mourning period ended 

“too®* Wednesday with a memorial TO ics, caws^i uim ~ maac u onio me 

_ :i:» nr v ceremony that doubled as a cor- ^ in NASA’s hands, aboard a along with photos of the 

•™" onation for Mr. Kim’s son, Kim plane that doesn’t necessarily lunar landscape at Cerro del 

TSSS5 Jo“S D - . , f have to reach its destination. placate, Merico. where U.S. 

. - Ih „ rpcavmses. approved the idea, butmgea Hundreds c f thousands of The chief conspirator, mev- onC e trained — or. 

uon to the responds. Mr. Knn ^ s^t coopmabo people gathered in Kim fi [Sung itab iy ( is Hal Holbrook, the ^ the Weekly World News 

If they find the Serbian reply from Mao Zedong m Uima. § qu ^ rc - m ^ capital aty of naSA administrator who .is wou i d have it, where the entire 

inndequate, they may luve to A spok^naa to tte bomn t0 hear the wee worT ied sick that the president's space program was staged, 

make good their threat of Korean government saia^__ prime minister, the vice marshal passion for space travel is wan- The^hoax notion and the 

harsher military action against documents were moe puou ^ ^ ann ^ representatives and that one more blunder ab vss of ignorance among 

the Serbs. Wednesday beranse toe of workers and farmers deliver ^ c ” J ‘ 

But political aoalysKsMHl- 

tie enthusiasm among the p<w- ^p^ed to be today, unfortu- JSSncMo^ear Leader. 


lis are acting as if there is no 
peace agreement between us.” 

Mr. Qurda is one of the ar- 
chitects of the Israel-PLO ac- 
cord. 

Mr. Rabin’s spokesman, 

Oded Ben-Ami, said Mr. Qur- 
da was barred because the con- 
ference is being held in Jerusa- 
lem rather than in the 
autonomous zones, the Gaza 
Strip and West Bank town of 

Jericho. _ , , 

“All activities of the Palesun- comprehensive peace that in- 
tan authority must be handled eluded such other important 
in Jericho and Gaza,” Mr. Ben- a «.k «Mimri« »s Svria. 

Ami said 


Continued from Page 1 

the beginning of a peaceful pe- 
riod between the two coun- 
tries," he said. 

When Mr. Majali was asked 
if such a declaration is in the 
offing, he replied: “If 1 an- 
nounce it now, there is no need 
for such a summit on Monday.” 

King Hussein was asked at 
his news conference if Jordan 
would delay a formal peace 
with Israel until there was a 


as 


vetfved in the conflict. They 
contend that a continuation or 
the status quo, with further ne- 
gotiations while fighting goes 
on at a low level, may be pre- 
ferred despite the loss of face at 
letting another ultimatum pass. 

A Bosnian Serbian politician 
told Serbian radio that tne 
Serbs were attaching three : con- 


* i ub le at the ceremony 

therelwMwastim^toamnter ^J der to shoulder at 
what South Korea h» ; per attaation, barely moving during- 
ceived to be tt» mu(± ^fic^ ^ 15 _^ uX( . event. They also 

boo of Kim n Sung- ™ not to be crymg, a 

the last few days, it ^mrontrast with scenes of 

North Korea has . people sobbing uncontrollably 

somewhat of a J? lc , rev f r 5i“ were shown until Tuesday. - 
the image war. Tbe h^ dicta- At noon ^ m a f ma j tribute.) 


will doom the program. So 
when “techies” discover that 
the life-support system doesn’t 
work (another dastardly deed 
by the low bidders of the 


young people threaten the sci- 
entists' dream of rekindling the 
moon program. 

“That whole population base 
30 and under, they see ‘Star 


world), Mr. Holbrook decides Wars * then they look al film 
to take no chances. of some guy bunny-hopping 

The astronauts wiD be per- the moon and it looks 

fectly safe in Texas, the TV au- comical," says David 

dience will be none the wiser, Bi ac ^ director of the Lunar 
and the future of space explora- and pi aDe tary Institute, a 
don will be secure. NASA-funded research center. 

I was a reporter and I was “T 0 ^ j t was so heroic. Now 


• A stra 
Bosnian S 


jc corridor linking 
>ian territories to 


4" - . 1 ftc a uuuu, aa* “ * *** * ** ***•'•* ^1 brought up to believe that what -young people worry more about 

torsinp has North Koreans bowed in si-j you read in the papers is true, the deficit and what’s on 

were in- 

the space program, so 

people didn't get attached to it. 
Unlfike a war. which involves 
lots of people.’ 


Serbs were attachmgto^^ mr^ ^ North Kweans bowed ma-j you read in the papers is true, the deficil a „d wh 

ditions to acceptance of the peacefulnabon m mcwxnwor ]ence far three mmutes as tram- says Peter Hyams, who wrote .Oprah.’ So few people 
plan: a been ship sirens and whistles- and directed the movie. “I was volved in the space pro 

V - sounded throughout the land. working al CBS covering Apol- 


seen 


Israel is sensitive about Pal- 
estinian political activities in 
Jerusalem, viewing every move 
as an attempt to weaken Israel's 
hold over the eastern sector, 
which was captured from Jor- 
dan in the 1967 Middle East 
war and later annexed. 

Earlier this week, Mr. Ra- 
bin’s cabinet approved a bill to 
outlaw Palestinian political ac- 
tivities in the city. 

The Palestinians have bitter- 
ly criticized the legislation, 
which is expected to pass with 
backing from the rightist oppo- 
sition parties. 

“This is against the soul of 
peace," the chier Palestinian ne- 
gotiator, Nabil Shaath, said. 

The city’s future is to be ne- 
gotiated when talks on the final 
status of the West Bank and 
Gaza begin in 1996. 

Mr. Qureia said be would 
participate in the conference by- 
telephone. The gathering is 
bringing together 400 Palestin- 
ian business people seeking to 
invest in the autonomous zones. 


Arab countries as Syria. 

He replied, “It is our fervent 
hope that at the end of this 
process, there will be a compre- 
hensive peace in this region." 

But he also said that Jordan 
had taken "a sovereign deci- 
sion” to handle its international 
relations in ways that best serve 
its interests. 

Mr. Christopher, who has led 
the Clinton administration’s 
diplomatic drive to achieve a 
comprehensive Middle East 
peace, hailed the meeting as a 
major step toward resolving the 
animosity that has existed for 
so long between Israel and its 
Arab neighbors, exposing the 
region to five wars over the Iasi 
four-and-a-half decades. 

“The history you make by 
your presence is great.’’ he told 
Mr. Peres and Mr. Majali. “To 
a troubled world, you send 
forth a simple message that cap- 
tures our vision and strengthens 
our faith — that the scars of war 
can be healed, the divisions of 
memory can be overcome, 
peace between Arab and Jew 
can be achieved." 


enemy. . _ , ’ 

On the f rst occasion, the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organiza- 
tion's chairman, Yasser Arafat, 
came to witness the signing of 
an Israeli-PLO agreement giv- 
ing the Palestinians limited self- 
rule in the Gaza Strip and parts 
of the West Bank of the Jordan 
River, territory that Israel cap- 
tured from Jordan in the 1967 
Middle East War. 

That start toward resolving 
the Palestinian issue, coming 14 
years after Egypt, the largest 
Arab state, had made peace 
with Israel, also opened the way 
for King Hussein to come into 
the open and construct a de 
facto peace with Israel. 

But. while such progress 
seemed unimaginable only a 
year ago, there still is a long way 
"to go before the Middle East 
can be described as stable and 
at peace. 

Mr. Christopher came here 
from Damascus, where he made 
another inconclusive attempt to 
chip away at the stalemate in 
peace negotiations beLween Is- 
rael and Syria, whose president, 
Hafez Assad, remains an impla- 
cable foe. 

And, for all the emotional 
and psychological impact that 
Lhe events had in Israel, they 
still fell short of a peace treaty 
or other substantive goals such 
as open borders and trade 
across the Jordan River. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

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leisure 
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34 MWdte erf the 
quip 


» Foreign 
exchange 
listing 

se Co me to 

40 OX Coral 
figure 

«i Unstable - 

42 Elegant 

44 Know-it-alls 
47 Highlander 
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43 Repugnance 

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7 Wash sites 

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the horse 

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it Understanding 
words 

ta Black 

(sensational 
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43 Lascivious took 

44 Brazilian dance 

45 The way ota 

manwtm 

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47 Rubbernecks 

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coming 

90 Smudge 


51 To boot 
92 Bids 
94 Topper 
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22 Nuts 
30 Grades 
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41 Lech&r ' 



New York Times Edited by Will Shortz 


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INTERNATIONAL 



Sribune 


rtJBUSHRO WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON HIST 


A Milli on Refugees 


j-The heart constricts and the mind 
swirls in trying to grasp the enormity of 
the tragedy now gripping Rwanda, in 
the greatest mass flight of people in 
modern times, more than a million 
Rwandans surged within 48 hours into 
neighboring Zaire. 

* The town of Goma is now encircled 
hy the world’s largest refugee settle- 
ment. a distinction held only recently by 
the town of Ngara in Tanzania, where 
250,000 Rwandans, most of them Hu- 
tiis, fled in terror some weeks ago, fear- 
ing massacres by an advancing Tutsi-led 
rebel army. The human flood in Goma is 
tour times greater. And unlike in Tanza- 
nia , few aid agencies operate in Zaire. 
Simply providing subsistence rations to 
the million Rwandans is a colossal task. 
- President Bill Clinton has laken the 
right first step in sending Brian Atwood, 
the U.S. official in charge of humanitar- 
ian relief, to Goma. The White House 
has approved 80 airlift missions and S31 
million in emergency funds for food and 
medicine; this is in addition to SI 18 
million in aid already airlifted to Rwan- 
da. But nobody has ever dealt with so 
many uprooted people, driven by panic 
across frontiers to a remote, wholly un- 


and moderate Hutus by rampaging gov- 
ernment militias. But, in a remarkable 
turnabout, the insurgents routed the 
army and now control most of the coun- 
try, provoking a tidal exodus of Hutus, 
their panic heightened by the same fa- 
natic broadcasters who earlier clamored 
for Tutsi blood. 

The task of remaking a nation falls on 
a new provisional regime in which Hu- 
tus serve as president and prime minis- 
ter. But the ousted government and its 
scattered armed forces may now re- 
group and reinvade Rwanda. 

If this war is to be ended, and if 
refugees are to return, the French role 
may well be crucial. France needs to 
dispel suspicions that the 2*500 troops it 
sent to Rwanda were to prop up the 
Hutu-led government whose army it had 
trained. More than 250,000 Hutus, in- 
cluding soldiers responsible for mass 


slaughters, have sought refuge in a safe 
h fc 


area established by French forces. The 
French can now demonstrate their neu- 
trality by preventing their former allies 
from violating the cease-fire, and by 
detaining suspected war criminals wbo 
have sought asylum in the “safe” zone. 


prepared provincial city- 


tor does the cease-fire announced by 
the victorious Patriotic From signal an 
< 3 id lo Rwanda's agony. 
i- The present fighting erupted in April 
when the country's president, a Hutu. 
Was killed in a suspicious air crash. This 
was followed by massacres, evidently 
planned in advance, of minority Tutsis 


Still, even if 'lighting ceases and refu- 
. the outlook is 


gees return, the outlook is bleak for this 
small country of 8 million, of whom 
about 15 percent are Tutsis. Too much 
blood has flowed, too many Rwandans 
are homeless, hungry or orphaned, and 
too many think that everything is now 
lit ted in a disorderly new world. 
lis tragedy is far from over. 

— TUB NEW YORK TIMES. 


V 


Key to the Nuclear Lock 


~ The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty 
i£ the basic law by which the nations of 
tfie world broker and enforce nuclear 
restraint. It is up for renewal in 1995, 
<ind few things could do more to under- 
cut the American interest in a safer 
ryorld than to have this renewal vitiated 
pr delayed. But something like that 
cpuld yet happen, and it could be partly 
bn the American account. 

Not that the United States lacks en- 
thusiasm for extending the treaty. But it 


has the chief responsibility jfor the par- 

shen- 


licular development — a Comprel 
Sjve Test Ban Treaty — that enables the 
nuclear have countries to look the have- 
nots in the eye and insist that they sign 
on the non-nuclear line, and that effort 
is not going so well. 

The problem is that, among the five 
acknowledged nuclear powers, America 
and Russia have forsworn testing, but 
China, France and Britain have not. The 
non-nuclear countries have some justifi- 
cation in saying that they cannot really 
expected lo abandon their nuclear 
-option altogether when nuclear coun- 
tries do not accept concrete limits on 
■their own existing capabilities. Testing, 
gfhith facilitates and symbolizes nuclear 
devt 'opment and nuclear pride; is the 
.jjTHJs. conspicuous of these limits. It is 
|he key to the nuclear lock. 

| 1 ..is is what compels Washington to 
jT-v-J the practices of China, France and 


Britain. If they do not stop testing, and 
very soon, the United States risks weak- 
ening or even losing the powerful coun- 
terproliferation lever of a renewed, 
strengthened and indefinitely extended 
nonproliferation treaty. 

That makes the lesser tactical ques- 
tion of how best to corral the nuclear 
testers a larger strategic question as 
well. Britain, it is felt, will finally go with 
the crowd. France may come to such a 
view but may want to leave it to its next 
president, after the election in 1995, to 
fire off a few parting shots; that could 
delay a treaty until 1996. China says it- 
will stop testing but also appears to be 
thinking of a treaty in 1996. But in 1996. 
both Russia and the United States are to 
elect new presidents. The political clut- 
ter is troubling. 

There may be a way to beat it. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton could commit the 
United States to completing negotia- 
tions on a Comprehensive Test Ban 
Treaty by a date certain and early 
enough to complete a new nonprolifera- 
tion treaty in 1995. The White House is 
hanging back. Its eye is on drawing in 
China, and it fears that setting a dead- 
line for the test ban treaty may “snap 
the leader" — lose China. It takes a fine 
feel. For Mr. Clinton to capture the high- 
prize of a world newly reinforced with 
nuclear controls, he better get it right. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


» 


On the Moon, and Then? 


• When Neil Armstrong set foot on the 
jmoon 25 years ago, Americans respond- 
«cu ecstatically. It was not just that 
jj American astronauts had beaten Soviet 
Scustnonauts to the moon in the Cold 
■■War’s most visible symbolic struggle. 

'their feat implied that the same combi- 
n-uion of heroism, determination, tech- 
«sulo 1 wizardry and managerial genius 
would soon conquer other worlds and a 
host of earthly ills as well. 
v But how fast the dream dissipated! 
tfThe space agency that put astronauts on 
%lhe moon laier blew up the shuttle Chal- 
lenger and gained a reputation for in- 
competence rather than omnipotence. 
_ Space budgets shriveled. The National 
^Aeronautics and Space Administration 
CJonvered its sights. 

s- Instead of venturing onward to Mars, 
-rironauts now cling close to home, 
-king only in earth orbit. It is as if. 
L.-.sics say, Columbus’s epic voyage to 
New World had been followed by 
boat trips around the harbor. 

Hie space agency's fall from grace 
should not be exaggerated. The mytho- 
logy of the lunar achievement makes it 
easy to forget that three astronauts were 
incinerated in a fire on Lhe launch pad 
and three others were almost lost in an 
explosion on the way to the moon. But 
in that race for national supremacy, 
losses were tolerated that today might 
_ prove crippling. 

• Historians in coming centuries will 
have to judge whether the moon landing 
was a “giant leap for mankind,” as Mr. 
Armstrong proclaimed on taking his 
first step, or merely the most extreme 


— THE NEW YORK TIMES 





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* ■ 


THURSDAY, JULY 21. 1994 


OPINION 



and daring example of an exploit on the 
order of climbing Mount Everest or 
reaching the poles. 

As of now, it has not led to much — a 
few follow-up landings, a momentary 
reputation for America os the world's 
top technical power, and some genuine 
scientific gams in determining the 
moon’s age, composition and likely ori- 
gin. But more might have been learned 
at a fraction of the cost by sending an 
armada of automated devices. 

The moon program, bom of Cold War 
desperation, had nowhere to go after its 
success. Once the Soviets baa been van- 
quished, why run another lap? In sub- 
sequent years, space operations have 
proved far more expensive and far less 
useful than enthusiasts once imagined, 
thus difficult to justify without an over- 
riding political goal. 

In the end it was the sheer strangeness 
of the experience — Man on the moon! 
— that causes it to endure in memory 
with a romance that cannot quite be 
blown away by hardheaded analysis. 
Perhaps the most memorable image to 
emerge from the moon program was that 
of astronauts bobbing around the lunar 
surface or planting an American flag. 

But a far more important image was 
the sight of Earth seen from afar — a 
radiant blue-and- white sphere, beauti- 
ful and vulnerable, shimmering against 
the dark background of space. The lunar 
landing that some thought would launch 
mankind on its way as a spacefaring 
species instead highlighted the fragility 
and isolation of home. 


Halfhearted Policies Before and After Hell on Earth 


W ASHINGTON — Man has created 
hdl on earth on the bonders of 
Rwanda. The refugees arrive there in 
ever mounting numbers. They flash hor- 
rors that seem beyond human reach and 
comprehension onto the globe's con- 
science via the television screen. 

Their families and possessions scat- 
tered like' leaves scudding before a 
mighty wind of death and destruction. 


By Jim Hoagland 


Rwanda's refugees daily raise the inter- 

thresl 


national community’s threshold for hu- 
man disaster. The images of their suffer- 
ing have become unbearable. 

Yet each day we bear more. Each day 
we tolerate anew the refugees' low of 
humanity as they endure conditions 
that animals would rebel against. Each 
day the gap between what the world's, 
electronically informed communities 
witness and feel, and what they can 


reasonably do about those feelings, 
grows larger. And it is notjust Rwanda, 
and not just Africa. Human flight in 
extremis is reshaping politics and diplo- 
macy across the earth. Modern commu- 
nications make the refugee an impor- 
tant new catalyst in global politics. 

In the Americas, refugees from Haiti 
drive Bill Clinton toward risking his pres- 
idency on a mQitaiy intervention in that 
Caribbean island. In Europe, the specter 
of refugees created by ethnic cleansing in 
the wars of ex- Yugoslavia shames a pros- 
perous. powerful continent 

Russian politicians say their experi- 
ment in democracy is hostage to the fate 
of 25 millio n Russian expatriates living 
in the “near abroad,” the former Soviet 



republics on Russia’s borders. A mass 
migr ation of these expatriates' into Rus- 
sia as refugees would strengthen the hand 
of Moscow’s extreme nationalists. 

Elsewhere in Asia tick the unfinished 
catastrophes of the Kurds and Shiites in 
Iraq, of continuing upheaval in Cambo- 
dia and Burma, and She threat at future 
refugee disasters in a China riven by 
economic and political pressures. 

“We always thought the industrial 
democracies of the North would be able 
to deal with the upheaval and poverty of 
the South in a coordinated fashion,” 
says a French diplomat who has unsuc- 
cessfully sought greater help from the 
United States for the problems of 
Rwanda, Algeria and other African 
countries. “But instead of a North- 
South model, each power has its own 
“South' to deal with. And each of us is 
doing as poorly as the other.” 

The end of the Cold War turn the 
world’s powers to the accumulated pro- 
blems of their own neighborhoods . But 
the end of superpower c onfli ct has also 
rted international cooperation, 
problems posed by massive refu- 
lts are (he problems of fife itself: 
of shelter, food, disease and protection 
from becoming prey: They are biblical 
problems, in their grand scope and direct 
nature,' unlike the ideological or political 
problems familiar to governments. 

These mass refugee crises are difficult 
for politicians and generals to handle. 
Regional powers want to pass off their 
own piece of the South to others asj 
quickly as possible. For instance, as a' 



for going into Rwanda, the French 


pnee tor going 
want the Unite 


DUAY WM, by HAGEN is Vttfcm Gwg ((>*»). C*W Stac&me 


nited Nations to come in and 
take it Off their hands. 

The Clinton administration, standing 
two centuries of the Monroe Doctrine 
on its head, says it will invade Haiti only 
if outsiders, in the form of the United 
Nations, will take over responsibility 


for that U.S. neighbor immediately af- 
^iSeiShg^sbairie us all But they*) 

not threaten different countnes or drf- 
ferent regions equally. Their flights into 
ndehbormg areas create pressures for 
■halfway, self-centered intervention to 
help reduce human misery temporarily, 
move the problem down the agenda and 
off television screens. It is a kind of 
yuppie interventionism. . ' 

Such firm ted goals made sense Tor the 
French in Rwanda, where the French .are 
not expected to do more than apply a 
Band-Aid to a giant crisis and move on. 
Rwanda is a global problem, in scale and 
immediacy. It requires a global response. 

Haiti is different. It is an American 
problem. If America is to intervene there, 
ft should not do so in a halfhearted way, 
expecting otoere to. sweepup after Unde 

flft m in his own neighborhood.' - 

A military intervention triggered by 
political reactions to refugees can be 
treated ho less seriously than a military 
intervention triggered by a threat to oil 
reserves or other viral interests. If Haiti is 
not a problem worth fixing with a sus- 
tained US. military presence, it is not a 
problem worth an invasion. 

The world's refugees deserve sympa- 
thy, help and a chance at survival They 
deserve an immediate, caring and effec- 
tive response from the international 
community. But the world's govern- 
ments, led by the only remaining super- 
power, need to craft new, consistent and 
coordinated policies to head off the di- 
sasters that create the human hells of 
Rwanda and Haiti. 

* - If they do not, those, governments 
must be ready to see these disasters 
through wheai they do occur. Otherwise, 
there will be five horsemen of the Apo- 


calypse: War, Disease, Famine, Death 
and uidii 


idifference. 

TheWadungton PotSL 


Germany Is Welcome , as Peacekeeping Starts Coming of Age 


N EW YORK — On Bastffle 
Day, German troops 
marched in Paris for the first time 
in 50 years, celebrating the new 
five-nation Eurocorps. Two days 
before, on July 12. Germany’s 
Constitutional Court ruled that 
German forces can now venture 
abroad in United Nations peace 
operations. Germany's decision 
may be the tonic that brings UN 
peacekeeping back to health. 

Germany’s central role in 
NATO and the Western Europe- 
an Union can bring new support 
to peacekeeping missions in the 
East and even outside Europe. 
The German nulitaiy is forming 
an elite rapid reaction force of 
50,000, as part of an overall force 
structure of 350,000 troops. 

NATO foreign ministers have 
offered to contribute to peace- 
keeping efforts in Eastern Eu- 
rope by the Conference on Secu- 
rity and Cooperation in Europe, 
as well as to future UN peace- 


By Rath Wedgwood 


keeping. Forty years of practice 
>n doct ‘ 


— common doctrine, integrated 
command and interoperability 
— allow the Atlantic alliance to 
serve as a backbone for success- 
ful multinational operations. 

NATO's new association with 
East European countries in the 
Partnership for Peace — con- 
ceived by General John Shali- 
kashvOl chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, and championed 
by President BID Clinton at the 
Janaary NATO summit meeting 
in Brussels — could help solve 
peacekeepers’ difficulties. 


NATO militaries are trim- 
ming back (Belgium abolished 
its draft this year, and Nether- 
lands is to do so by 1998), but 
Partnership for Peace forces are 
eager for more integration into 
the alliance family. They might 
collaborate in out-of-area peace 
operations under the aegis of 
the North Atlantic Cooperation 
Council. The low technology of 
some East European forces may 
in fact be well adapted to peace 
operations in remote areas. 

The German foreign minister, 
Klaus Kinked, has pointed out 
Germany’s broad interest In re- 
gional stability, human rights 
and democratization. Germany’s 
opening to the world should 
bring American policymakers 
back io their senses. The Ameri- 
can challenge is to find a sustain- 
able role in UN peace opera- 
tions, instead of the extremes of 
enthusiasm and withdrawal that 
have marked recent years. 

There is much that an engaged 
White House could do: use its 
diplomatic muscle to persuade 
oil-rich states and others to sup- 
port UN peacekeeping with vol- 
untary contributions; encourage 
regional organizations, such as 
the Organization of American 
States and the (Organization of 
African Uniiy, to overcome their 
aversion to intervention and dc- 


The White House and Con- 
gress should bolster important 
initiatives by the Defense De- 
partment to improve the effec- 
tiveness of peace operations. 
The peacekeeping malaise of 
Congress and White House is 
evidently not shared by the Pen- 
tagon. which is busQy fi guring 
out bow to make thing s work. 

The U.S. Army will mount 
peace-operation maneuvers next 
month at Fort Polk in Louisiana, 
involving U.S., Canadian, Aus- 
tralian and British forces; pri- 
vate relief organizations and UN 
agency representatives. Such ex- 
ercises win help untangle the in- 
tricate coordination problems of 
peacekeeping. There is no ex- 


cuse, as one military analyst put 
l UN rax 


ioq s; 

and cultivate more effective re- 
gional security groupings. 


it, fra beginning each u IN opera- 
tion with a blank piece of paper. 

The American miUtaiy should 
also develop strategies fra the 
use of forces to mitigate civil 
conflicts. The frustrations of 
Vietnam and Yugoslavia have 
led some to suppose that there is 
no constructive role for peace 
enforcers in a civil conflict. But 
military force can be used to 
deliver aid and evacuate non- 
combatants, protect internally 
displaced refugees in safe areas 
(Active in the Yugoslav conflict, 
redeemed in practice by the 
French effort in Rwanda), en- 
force arms embargoes and (with 
appropriately robust rules of en- 
gagement) separate forces. 


In Bosnia- Herzegovina, 
NATO air power could have en- 
forced a “no heiivy. weapons” 
ban throughout the country, re- 
quiring that all fan Vo «nrf artil- 
lery be surrendered to UN forces. 
That would have helped save Sa- 
rajevo and made the embargo on 
weapons less one-sided. 1 

The ' United Stales owea .die 
United Nations a searching cri- 
tique of toe efatwpgal rates of 
peacekeeping The Harmnudjcld 
model calls for the ongoing con- 
sent of the parties, avoidance of 
force except in the last resort; and 
“neutrality” between the parties; 
even where one party is oostrnct- 
ing ^the peacekeepers’ mandate. 

American commanders, arid 
even some internal UN critics, 
worry that an exaggerated'ethos 
of nonviolence in peacekeeping 
canbe counterproductive: Stand- 
ing ground eady on establishes 
credibility and minimizes the use 
of force m the long run. 

The United States should hdp 
the United Nations develop an 
inte&igCTce and information sys- 
tem. Rdf Ekeus’s brilliant use of 
American intelligence in the UN 
weapons oomnasaon’s search for 
Iraqi Scad missiles and xmdear 
facilities should be a model fra 
such inteffigeace sharing. . 

The Uxntcd States can also 
hdp the United Nations train 
peacekeepers and find an ade- 
quate system of discipline when 
behavioral problems arise. Mis- 
conduct by peacekeepers (as i 
Cambodia) has been left to dc 


nor countries to remedy, with no 
'Councils 


to the Security Councu or 
The moral sanctum 
of the UN flag will be weakened 
if these problems are ignored. 

The superb U S. capability in 
p lanning could be of service to 
the United Nations in designing 
regional force structures for 
peacekeeping operations. Avail- 
able equipment and manpower of 
national militaries could be in- 
ventoried, and readiness assessed, 
in order to allow the UN secre- 
tary-general to.assemble multina- 
tional forces more efficiently. 

• It has beat, too often assumed 
dial only the United States has 
the air- and sea-lift capacity to 
prefect forces into tremble spots. 
One attraction of regional forces 
risrtoal they can march ip, or fly 
in, quickly. The UN Secretariat 
has begun air inventory effort, 
but ft needs American support. 

Germany’s debut on the 
world stage as a peacekee p er, in 
an era of renewed tribal vio- 
lence, is an elegiac role. Ger- 
mans understand the reasons fra 
intervention when a society is 
spinning put of control. One 
hopes mar the United States, 
too, will meet this challenge. 


m 

do- 


The writer is a senior fellow at 
the Council on Foreign Relations, 
where she directs the Program on 
International Organisations and 
Law, and professor of internation- 
al law at Yale Law School She 
contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


Toward a Community of Israelis, Jordanians and Palestinians 


TTERZLIYA, 
Ti. pioneer of 


Israel — The 


By Abba Eban 


Arab perception of Israel was not 
President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, 
who made peace with Israel in 
1979. It was King Hussein of Jor- 
dan, who was talking amicably, 
but secretly, with Israeli leaders 
when Egyptian and Israeli forces 
were still exchanging bombard- 
ments and casualties. 

As an ardent Arab nationalist. 
King Hussein would probably 
have preferred a Middle East 
without Israel, but he was quicker 
than any other Arab leader to 
understand that Israel had passed 
the threshold of destmetibtiity. 

As the years went by, he must 
have become painfully aware that 
nothing protected Jordan's sur- 
vival more effectively than Isra- 
el's interest in preserving iL Israel 
made it known throughout the 
Middle East that an Iraqi or Syri- 
an invasion of Jordan would 
probably incur Israeli interven- 
tion — a rare case of a deterrent 
strategy that really worked. 

Now King Hussein's realism 
seems about to pay off. A new 
Middle East is in toe malting. 

The decision of King Hussein, 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin 
and President Bill Clinton to con- 
fer in the White House on Mon- 
day is an immense boost for toe 
peace process. Coming after the 
establishment of the Palestinian 
self-governing authority in Gaza 
and Jericho, it has left Israelis 
more sanguine about ultimate 
diplomatic success. 

But this does not mean that the 
negotiations mil come to a brisk 
conclusion. Even the Egyptian- 
Israeli treaty required 17 months 
of negotiations after President 
Sadat’s visit to Jerusalem in 1977, 

Nor will the Jordanian- Israeli 
dialogue be free of surrounding 
contention. King Hussein will 
feel pressure from many Jordani- 
ans with strong Palestinian affili- 
ations on the West Bank and in 
Gaza who wish he would take 


more militant positions in sup- 
port of Palestinian statehood. 

But most Israelis believe that 
the strong leadership of King 
Hussein and Mr. Rabin, rein- 
forced by Mr. Clinton, will carry 
toe day and ultimately sweep Syr- 
ia into their momentum. 

King Hussein's biography is 
studded with disasters that seem 
to indicate a habit for personal 
miscalculation. This is only partly 
true. Jordan's gravest tragedies 
have flowed from intimidation by 
other Arab states. 

In 1967, Gama! Abdel Nasser 
of Egypt tricked King Hussein 
into entering the Six-Day War, in 
which he suffered a debacle. Pres- 
ident Nasser claimed to have al- 
ready brought Israel to its knees. 

In the Gulf War, Prcadent 
Saddam Hussein of Iraq lured 
King Hussein into the appear- 
ance of being on his side. King 
Hussein's position was untenable. 
Accused in the West erf acting 
with cynical calculation, he alien- 
ated his natural allies in America, 
Europe and Saudi Arabia. 

Until recently, it seemed prob- 
able that Syria would force its 
own reject! ooist policies on Jor- 
dan. But fra King Hussein to have 
lagged behind other Arab partici- 
pants in the peace process would 
have been reckless. Jordan never 
gained any advantage by sacrific- 
ing its own national interests for 
the mystique of Arab unity. 

How could a disgruntled Syria 
now do serious harm to a King- 
dom of Jordan protected by Amer- 
ican support, European sympathy 
and an agreement between Israel 
and the Palestine liberation Or- 
ganization. without which die 
Jordanian-Israeti accord would 
not have been signed? 

King Hussein’s slogan today is 
“Jordanian interests” — which 
are not inferior to other inter- 
ests. This is the hour Tor a show 
of Jordanian self-confidence — 


and King Hussein has so far ex- 
ploited it impressively. 

Jordan does not regard itself as 
toe leader of toe Arab world, but 
it may have more to contribute to 
a system of regional cooperation 
than any other state. 

Tire proximity of rival ports at 
Eilat and Aqaba, the need for 
sharing the Dead Sea and the Jor- 
dan- Yarmuk water systems, the 
large-scale potential for tourism 
once the barriers fad, the rapidity 
of land communication, toe ties 
of the Jordan population with the 
self-governing Palestinian areas 


11 pomt to a particular intima- 
>f relatk 


cy of relations among Israelis, 
Jordanians and Palestinians. 


As King Hussein looks out 
across the Jordan, either from the 
eastern bank or from Aqaba, he 
may well be impressed by the 
spectacle of a dynamic Israeli so- 
ciety. His own langdom has pros- 
pered, too. Israelis who have 
crossed over to Jordan speak re- 
spectfully of well-tended land- 
scapes, a developed university 
and hospital network and a tradi- 
tion of civility m the working of 
institutions 

.The causes that brought the 
lengthy Israel -Jordanian talks to 
a deadlock since 1967 are not 
obscure. Israeli governments, 
haunted by Arab threats, felt it 
necessary to claim boundary 
changes beyond anything that 
Jordan could accept But King 
Hussein’s difficulties were not 
only territorial. His central con- 
cern was whether as the head of a 
small country he could auda- 
ciously take responsibility for 
Leading the vast Arab world to 
peace with Israel. Was it not toe 
duty of Cairo, Damascus, Bagh- 
dad and the holy cities of Islam 
to cany that burden? 


mali ties of the largely cere- 
monial Madrid conference. And 
King Hussein has skillfully 
passed the Palestinian issues to 
Palestinian leaders. 

He must fed satisfied with that 
decision, since it relieved him of 
potential responsibility fra- the 
chaos in Gaza that has tormented 
Yasser Arafat, especially the riot- 
ing on Sunday that led Israel to 
seal off Gaza. 

Unlike its predecessors, the 
current Israeli government is not 
killing the idea of peace by trying 
to rule permanently over nearly 2 
million Pales tinians without of- 
fering them equal citizenship or 
the chance to establish a separate 
jurisdiction. Israel is also malring 
cordial contacts with Arab states 
in North Africa and the Gulf 
area. Jordan would not be a lone- 


- When the tune comes fra-the 
determination of permanent 
boundaries, which ought to be 
much less than three years away, 
the three peoples' — Israelis, 
Jordanians and Palestinians — 
will probably . move toward a 
community ■' relationship, com- 
bining independence for each 
with dose economic coopera- 
tion. The European Union is 
a relevant example. 

The ultimate guarantee for 
peace lies in toe creation of com- 
mon regional interests with such 
entanglement of reciprocal ad- 
vantage and such mutual human 
accesabifity as to make future 
wars inconceivable. 


:V> 




V £i 

- i 






V. 


ly adventurer in establishing rela- 
tions with Israel. 


' The writer, a former foreign 
minister of Israel is preparing a 
book an diplomacy after the Cold 
War. He contributed this comment 
to The New York Times. 


IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: Corean Conflict 


PARIS — Matters in Corea are 
"•"mg from bad to worse, and 
latest despatches published 


»*«»* ucoratcncs puDiisned 
by the HERALD gjve fuller news 
cf the fighting near SeouL Hpstfl- 

itiM hflvt* hmlrm nif Tit-. - 


wish to receive the whole wodd to 
rejoice with them.' While the peo* 
{rfe here recognize that France can 
never be herself again until for- 
eign money flows in, sympathy is 
craved far more than money. 


at last at war with Corea. But it 
would be greatly to misunderstand 
the politics of the far East if we 

were to suppose that Corea stands 
alone; behind Corea is Qima, and 

pedMMS behind China is England. 
It is tms that taids gravity to what 
is going on at Serai 


* 1944: Hitler Unharmed 


1919: FrendiWelaNme 


This situation no longer pre- 
vails, All of Israel’s neighbors 


are now negotiating in detail 
with it beyond the vague for- 


VERDUN — In the devastated 
regions of France, preparations 
are Ixmg made everywhere to re- 
ceive tourists. The existing s pirit 
impresses one with the fact- flint 
the inhabitants are so delighted to 
return to their homes, though 
nothing more than ruins, they 


LONDON - — [From our New 
York edition:! Adolf Hitter de- 
clared on the German radio soon 
after midnight this morning [July 
21] that agroup of Ger man army 
officers, preparing Germany for 
defeat as in 1918, had attempted 
to ass assinate him bat that he had 
survived the attempt “unharmed 
and wefl.” Hitler took to toe air to 

reassure the G erman pnhljc, afta 
rthad .been announced toat be wa 
sbgbuy burned and braised m the 
explosion erf a bo mb while manj 
ufhis highest advisers were gath- 
ered around hinL-.Thirteen meat 
hers of Hitler’s personal militai} 
staff were irjured, one fataOy. 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


Plage 9 


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OPINION 


The Fate of These Resisters 
Proved a Tragedy for All 


N EW YORK — Fifty years ago 
this past Wednesday, Colonel 
Omis von Stauffenberg, chief of 
staff of the <500, 000-man anny tha t- 
guarded Germany's home front, 
j caned Adolf Hitler and his m&Htaiy- 
advisers for a conference in the FQh-I 
par’s headquarters, Wolfschanze, or 
Wolf* Lair, in East Prussia. The 
rolond placed his briefcase beneath 
the table a few feet from Hitler and 
left the meeting to take a prear- 
ranged telephone call from an aide. 

Moments later the briefcase ex- 
ploded, lolling two members of Hit- 

1944 GERMANY 1994 

dozen others. Bui^tEda\*tbe seat 
blown out of his trousears, his coat 
ripped up the back, both eardrums 
survived. 

the end of the day, .an un- 
tiring squad had executed 
von S tariff enberg as Hitler 
launched a roundup that wiped out 
virtually every member of a group 
whose existence the British and 
Americans had repeatedly ignored, 

difimisiwf nr riftniwrt 

It has now become apparent that 
the fate of the German resistance 

but foHEunope and America. A ne- 
gotiated peace with anti-Nazi Ger- 
mans in early or even mid-1944 
probably would have saved the lives 
of 2 million soldiers — and 3 million 
Jews. East Germany and perhaps 
much of Easton Europe would have 
been spared 50 years of incarcera- 
tion under Soviet communism. 

The resistance included leading 
politicians and diplomats. They 
were protected, nurtured and in 
some ways led by Admiral Wilhelm 
Canaris, head of the Abwehr, the 
military intelligence branch of the 
German hi gh command. 

For three years, they sent agent 
after agent to various points on the 
borders of Hitler's Reich — Istan- 
bul, Stockholm, Beni, Madrid — 
vainly seeking negotiations with the 
United Stales and Britain. - 
As early as 1940, an aide to Admi- 
ral Canaris leaked the plans of Hit- 
ler's invasion of the lowlands and 
Fiance to the Dutch, who passed it 
in the En g lish , who dismissed it as a 

ruse until they realized, too late, that 
it was authentic. 

Thereafter, Sr Stewart Graham 
Mextzies, head of British intelli- 
gence, remained in shadowy contact 
with Admiral Canaris. But his abili- 
ty to negotiate was crippled by the 
Foreign Office. 

Then Ct»”ia 1 F ranklin D. Roose- 


By Thomas Fleming 


.ydt's declaration of a policy of un- 
conditional surrender at Casablanca 
in January 1943. Whatever the tacti- 
cal. considerations, unconditional 
surrender was a propaganda wind- 
fall for the Nans. It played directly 
. to the Goebbdsline that Germany’s 
back was to die wail and that defeat 
would mean Germany's destruction* 

Among those who . at various 
. times questioned the wisdom of un- 
conditional surrender were General 
George Marshall, General Dwight 
Eisenhower and Winston Churdufl. 

At Casablanca, 'Roosevelt 
claimed that -the phrase uncondi- 
tional surrender had just “popped 
into my head.” But we now know 
that it was recommended by a State 
Department policy committee that 
Roosevelt had appointed in the 
spring of 1942. 

Robert Sherwood, a confidant of 
Roosevdfs top aide, Harry Hop- 
kina, concluded that the idea was 
“very deeply deliberated ... a true 
statement of Roosevelt’s policy ” 

Roosevelt was motivated, it 
seems, by his experience in World 
War I, in which Woodrow Wilson 
had- offered the Germans terms 
that they accepted as a basis for a 
negotiated peace. President WB- 
son’s chief critic, Theodore Roose- 
velt, insisted that unconditional 
surrender was a better policy. The 
revived German war machine that 
emerged in the 1930s* claiming that 
tiie army bad not been defeated but 
had beat “stabbed in the back” by 
German civilians, seemed to prove 
to Franklin that cousin Theodore 
had been right. 

But FDR was wrong in trying to 
apply, the lessons, of history. It 
would have been far harder for any 
German to talk about a stab in the 
bade after the catastrophic defeat at 
Stalingrad and the successful Allied 
landings in Normandy. By July 
1944, it was apparent that Hitler 
had lost the war. 

There was another element in 
Roosevelt’s motivation. He amply 
£d not believe that there was such a 
thing as a good German: 

Tfis . conversations with advisers 
were studded with sweeping con- 
demnations of an entire people. 

. Unreasonable to suppose that if 
Roosevelt and Churchill bad made 
even a gesture of moderation or sup- 
port for the resistance after the Judy 
20 bomb blast, the generals in com- 
mand of the German armies ’ in 
France would have agreed to a uni- 
lateral surrender, in spite of Hitler’s 
survival. But Roosevelt said noth- 
ing, and Cburdiin dismissed the 
bomb as “a disturbance in the Ger- 
man war machine” 



Turning Man 9 s Best Friend 
Into a Moronic Show Dog 

Bv Charles Krauthammer 


Ironically, the only people who 
uttered a word on the plotters’ be- 
half were the Russians . “Generals, 
officers, soldiers!" said Radio Mos- 
cow. “Cease fire at once and turn 
your arms against Hitler. Do not fail 
these courageous men!" 

When an Associated Press corre- 
spondent, Louis Lochner, attempt- 
ed to file a story on the resistance 
from Paris — he had known many of 
the members when he was stationed 
in Beilin before the war — U.S. 
Army censors told him the subject 
had been barred “by specific order 
of the president.” 

After July 20, Churchill grew 
more and more dubious about un- 
conditional surrender. In a 1947 
speech in Parliament, be went even 
further. He described Admiral Can- 
aris, Colonel von Stauffenberg and 
their fellow conspirators as men 
who “belonged to the noblest and 
greatest [of resistance movements] 
that have ever arisen in the history 
of all peoples ” 

What a difference it could have 
madeif he had said that in July 1944. 

The writer is author most recently 
of ‘'Loyalties,’' a novel about an 
American officer who becomes in- 
volved with the German resistance. 
He contributed this comment to The 
New York Times. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Hie Vatican and Women 

Regarding “ Vatican Begins Birth- 
Control Battle " (July 8): 

The Vatican, in the person of Car- 
dinal Alfonso L6pez TnpiDo, has 
added yet another strange idea to its 
long history of mistakes. “Biological 
colonialism" is the promoting of fam- 
ily planning and the possibility of 
legal abortion if wanted by the peo- 
ple concerned. According to the Vati- 
can it is bad because it actually 
means “political domination" in the 
form of tiie inhibition of procreation. 

The Vatican mistakes free choice 
in this matter with coercing someone 
to do something. This mistake is no 
surprise to anyone observing the his- 
tory of ideas from the Vatican. These 
ideas meant real domination over 
people for centuries and brought 
enormous suffering and misery. 

EDZERD BRONS. 

Wassenaar, Netherlands. 

1 find regrettable Garry Wills's ap- 
proach on the issue of women’s ordi- 
nation (“The Pope Didn’t Take It 
Far Enough," Opinion, June 10), a 
question that requires serious theo- 
logical and anthropological discus- 
sion, rather than a trivial mocking 


of the Pope. On the same day, the 
Tribune reported the lolling of three 
bishops and several priests in Rwan- 
da. Priesthood would seem to be 
somewhat more demanding than Mr. 
Wills implies. 

ALFREDO MENDIZ. 

Rome. 

Regarding “ Forget the Idea of 
Women Priests, Pope TeUs Catho- 
lics” (May 31): 

There wQl, one day, be women 
priests, and one day priests will be 
free to many. These changes will 
come when Roman Catholics are 
willin g to let the Pope know how they 
fed by supporting their parishes only, 
and not the whims of Rome. 

JUNE RADICCHI-MOREAU. 

Paris. 

Little is likely to change regarding 
the Roman Catholic attitude on or- 
daining women, though the Anglican 
Church has now decided to ordain 
women. The Pope is in good compa- 
ny in this matter, however. Orthodox 
Judaism and Islam do not admit 
women to their priesthoods. 

SIGMUND STERNBERG. 

International Council 

of Christians and Jews. London. 


W ASHINGTON — "Alas, not 
many British dukes are bred 
as closely as their poorest shep- 
herd’s dogs. Even fewer dukes are 
bred for accomplishment.'* So 
wrote Donald McCaig in "Eminent 
Dogs. Dangerous Men.” 

The dumbing of America has gone 
far enough. Yes. we Americans have 
grown used to falling scores in the 

MMNWHRE 

Scholastic Aptitude Test and high 
schoolers who cannot locate the Civil 
War to the nearest half-century. But 
we have got to draw the line some- 
where. I say we draw h at dogs. 

Last month the American Kennel 
Dub, the politburo of American dog 
breeding, decided to turn the 
world’s smartest dog, the Border 
collie, into a moron. Actually, it vot- 
ed, 1 1 to 1, to begin proceedings to 
turn it into a show dog, which will 
amount to the same thing. 

A dog bred for 200 years exclu- 
sively for smarts will now be bred 
for looks. Its tail, its coat, its ears, its 
bite, its size will have to be just so. 
That its brains will likely turn io 
mush is or no consequence. 

What is the Border collie? A 
breed developed in the Border 
country between England and 
Scotland for one thing only: its 
ability to herd sheep — although, if 
necessary, it can work cattle or 
hogs or even turkeys. (Our Border 
collie, deprived of such gainful em- 
ployment, likes to swim out to ihe 
middle of a pond and herd ducks.) 

It is a creature of uncanny intelli- 
gence and a jaw-dropping capacity to 
co mmunicate with humans, able to 
herd 300 sheep at a time ai a distance 
of a mile and a half (2 .5 kilometers) 
from its shepherd. It is, testifies Bax- 
ter Black (National Public Radio's 
“cowboy poet, philosopher and for- 
mer large-animal veterinarian”), 
“one of the greatest genetic creations 
on the face of the earth." 

Now it faces genetic ruin. When 
bred for looks, great swaths of the 
Border collie population, which 
cranes in all shapes and sizes, will be 
condemned to genetic oblivion. 

It would be nice to breed for 
beauty and brains, but history and 
genetics teach that the confluence of 
the two is as rare in dogs as it is in 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor ” and contain the writer’s sig- 
nature, name and full address. Let- 
ters should be brief and are subject to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return of unsohated manuscripts. 


humans. Inbreeding in the pursuit 
of man-made standards of beauty 1 
has reduced other breeds to ruin. 

In the 1950s, writes Mark Derr in 
the Atlantic Monthly, show people 
turned the German shepherd into a 
weak-hipped animal with a foul 1 
temper and bizarre downward-slop*' 
ing hindquarters. The codcer spanid 1 
lost its ability to hunt. The bulldog* 
and the Boston terrier have been 5 
given such exaggerated heads that 
the females regularly need Caesar- 1 
ean sections to give birth. 

As for the American KenneP 
Club’s Irish setters , says the vet- 
erinarian Michael W. Fox, “they’ll 
so dumb they get lost on the end of 
their leash."’ ’ 

The genetics behind such sad sto*- 
ries is straightforward. 

"In genetics, selection for one 
trait usually comes at the expense of 
another,” explains Jasper Rme, pro- 
fessor of genetics and former direc- 
tor of the Human Genome Center at 
the Lawrence Berkeley Laborato-' 
ties. “The notion that one could 
achieve a standard conformation for 
Border collies and maintain their 
working qualities is simply foolish.” 

Which is why the Border collie 
people are prepared to sue to keep 
the American Kennel Gub's snout 
from under their tent 
Why should anyone else care? 
Well, a society that grieves for the 
accidental demise of the snail darter 
and the spotted owl, which not one in 
a million Americans has ever seed, 
should not easily acquiesce in the 
deliberate destruction of a unique 
breed of animals whose fate is so 
intimately entwined with man’s. 

“Border collies: Are they truly 
smarter than a chimpanzee?” asks 
Baxter Black. “Can they change 
course in midair, drag Nell from tne 
tracks and locale missing micro- 
fiche? Yes. I believe they can. They 
are the best of the best." l ' 

And for those who find such fasci- 
nation with dogs self-indulgent sen* 
timemalism, who care as little fcrf 
the Border collie as they do for (Rt 
snail darter, consider this: In "a 
world of rising crime and falling 
standards, of broken cities and fail- 
ing schools, the Border collie is one 
of Lhe few things that works. Must 
we ruin this, too? Reduce it to imbe- 
cility in the name of prettiness? 

In the short interval of calm be- 
tween America's latest capitulation 
to North Korea and its invasion of 
Haiti, it is worth pondering this small 
but telHng domestic folly. Face ft. 
America's kids may have their prob- 
lems in the classroom. Butjwe can still 
produce a thinking dog. For now. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


BOOKS 


UN-AMERICAN ACTIVI- 
TIES: A Memoir of the ’50« 

By SaHy Belfrage. 263 pages. 
$22.50. HarperCoUins. 

Reviewed by Christopher 
Lehmann-Haupt 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


I 


N “Un-American Activities: 
_ A Memoir of the ’50s,” Sally 
Belfrage describes with verve, 
grace and remarkable wit what 
it was like to live through an 
unusually perilous adolescence. 

Her parents had descended 
from the British tipper class by 
way of Hollywood, where the 
author was bom in 1937. Their 
eventual crash landing in New 
York City left Belfrage the ulti- 
mate misfit as she entered her 
teen years in 1950. 

A Britisher in America, a poor 
girl in middle-class Spnyten 
Duyvfl in the Bronx, a WASP in 
' the mostly Jewish Bronx High 
School of Science, a child of a 
troubled marriag e and, most dis- 
tressingly to her, an un-Ameri- 
’ can at the height of the McCar- 
thy era by virtue of her p areas 
' three-month membership in the 
Communist Party and her fa- 
* tiler’s continuing espousal of 
leftist causes, Belfrage lived to. 
dread of not one but two D- 
words: divorce and deportation. 
’ As she writes to the prologue 


• John Maddox, the ccfiior of 
Nature, has just finished Mi- 
chael Crichton's “Disclosure.” 

“‘Jurassic Park 5 was obvi- 
ously technical in its back- 
ground, as indeed is. 'Disclo- 
sure,' which is all about virtual 
. reality. Frankly, I found it quite 
absorbing. It’s written like a 
fihn script. The plot was great” 
(Bony James, IHT) 



of her book: “The phone was 
tapped from the minute I could 
talk on it, and the FBI had been 
at the door since I was tall 
enough to turn the knob. Our 
name was »»"<])» and unmis- 
takable, thereft 


career would be jeopardized by 
Bdfrage’s background. 

The strain on Belfrage was „ 

barely tolerable. “My mind working on lhe Strategic De- 

- C..1I _r ...... DnuJJn, D/m. 


Belfrage, the founding co-editor 
of the leftist National Guard- 
ian, leaves you feeling highly 
skeptical of the man. 

In her epilogue, which re- 
counts what became of every- 
one after she grew up, she ap- 
pears at first to have gone her 
father’s radical way. 

But after moving to London, 
raising two children of her own, 
publishing four books and giv- 
ing up on hex marriage to the 
writer Bernard Pomerance be- 
cause “to sour moments I think 
of marria g e as an institution be- 
tween cannibals in which tiie 
woman is the meal,” she en- 
counters Dan King once again. 
He is a two-star general now. 


feds like a zoo, full of savage fense Initiative; President Ron- 
p njmflls clawing and shrieking aid Reagan’s “Star Wars” pro- 
one another," she jecL “A remote-control death 


wherever we went we were just 
about the only white Protes- 
tants, and atheists to booL” 
Her reaction, understandably 
enough, was to plunge into the 
mains tream. She modeled her 


BRIDGE 


*5 


By Alan Truscott 

O N the diagra®®*^ deal. 
South found himself in a 

most improbable contract of 

■ ^'wKt^chOse a passive dia- 
mond South viewed the dnm- 

SSSSflJSKS 

' Jhmuny’s ooD ^?, r ^ 

• fade The club ten now drove 
J *t the king, and Ei*t and. 
South each discarded a 

West olaved a second dta- 
Jml and South took the jack 

ace and raffed a spadt The 
position was now this: 

NORTH 

5 91 6.2 

b 9 


my father, 1 am the fence, her. “I thought: Oh, no. After 
’Whenever I am with one of all this time, all these layers and 
thwiij 1 am ashamed of the oth- accretions of what passed for 
er.” And despite preserving her civilization and sophistication 
virginity to obedience to the and sense, there she sits, alive 
ru]e of the day that nice girls and bubbling away inside the 
didn’t do it, she still ended up person I thought I was: this 
dark-haired naghbor wlmse getting pregnant by Dan. ("No despicable tiny-minded con- 

poSSTth^Slithter. fil of dw ’50s, a regnlar 
kSSidlkbi one in a million, but there you Girt Scoot cookie (who knows, 
to atte nnooofE tenKm^a You’re megnam.’T still desperate for the ranch 

Jewish boy atteamng West ran Yet despite all her blunder- house in suburbia, split-level 

tog, the ugly duckling grew up two-car garage, rotating sprin- 
io he a swan. And in “Un- tier), impressed out of her mind 

American Activities," she looks ' 

back cm it all with caustic 
amusement and a pitch-perfect 
ear for the dich6s that defined 
the all-American girl she was 
striving to become. 


JUWIflU WJ — - — 

whose mother feared her son’s 


tough-guy Rocket- 


Dummy’s club eight was 
cashed, drawing West’s remain- 
tog trump. East chose a dia- 
mond, discard, mid South 
cashed the diamond ten and the 
heart ace, following with a low 
spade to endplay East. 

The more obvious contracts 
of four spades and three no- 
trump had no chance, and four 
spades duly failedto the replay. 


NORTH 

*5 

09762 . 
09B4 " 
* A 10.6 6 2 


by some 
man. 

In “Un-American Activi- 
ties,” Salty Belfrage, who died 
of brain cancer to March at the 
age of 57, has left behind a 


Paradoxically, her testy de- funny-sad chronicle about the 
paction of her mother, MoDy impossible contradictions of 
Castle, the writer and magazine bang h uman . 

editor, makes you end up fed- 

tog ' sympathetic toward the Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 
woman, while the affectionate is on the staff of The New York 
portrait of her father, Cedric Times. 


WEST 

*6 

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Page 10 




HEALTH /SCIENCE 


DSTEKjNATIOINAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 

“ RAMS FASHION 


Study Casts Doubt on Backache Treatments 


By Gina Kolata 

New York Times Service 




EW YORK — A study in 
which the spines of people 
without back pain were exam- 
ined is casting serious doubt on 
the methods used to diagnose and treat 
people whose backs ache. 

The study, led by Dr. Michael N. 
Brant-Zawadzkl a radiologist at Hoag 
Memorial Hospital in Newport Beach, 
California, used magnetic resonance ira- 
■ aging, or MRI. a popular and sensitive 
imaging method, to examine the spines 
of 98 men and women who had no back 
pain. The researchers found that nearly 
two- thirds of them had spinal abnor- 
jmalities, including bulging or protrud- 
ing disks, herniated disks and degeuerat- 
c ed disks. A third had more than one 
^abnormal disk. 

si The investigators concluded that in 
rinany cases it may be sheer coincidence 
it— not cause and effect — when a person 
rtwith back pain is found to have an 
-abnormal disk. Nevertheless, experts 


say, the use of MRI scans often leads to 
unnecessary surgery. 

The study is being published Thurs- 
day in The New England Journal of 
Medicine, accompanied by an editorial 
by Dr. Richard Deyo, a specialist in 
internal medicine at the University of 
Washington in Seattle. 

“I hope this study is very influential." 
said Dr. Deyo, whose research focuses 
on the outcome of treatment for back 
pain. Many doctors routinely use MRIs 
to diagnose back pain, he said. Misuse 
of the results “is a bigger problem than 
physicians or patients realize." he said, 
adding, “The opportunity to be misled is 
substantial" 

Dr. Robert Boyd, an orthopedic sur- 
geon at Massachusetts General Hospital 
in Boston, said researchers do not un- 
derstand why most people with bade 
pain are having symptoms of abnormali- 
ties. 

The study follows others that showed 
that no matter what methods doctors 
used to diagnose disk problems, there 
seemed to be no correlation between 
back abnormalities and back pain. X- 


rays. CT scans and, in some other stud- 
ies. MRI scans all showed disk abnor- 
malities in a large percentage of people 
with no back pain. 


“Most back pain is never explained,* 


Dr. Boyd said He added that most back 
pain also goes away by itself. “If you 
take 100 people with back pain and look 
at them again three months later, 98 of 
them will be better," he said. “Anything 
you do to treat them -in those three 
months will be given credit for healing. 
Treaters begin to believe that what they 
are doing is the reason for the improve- 
ment And patients believe it too.” 

Back pain is second only to the com- 
mon cold as a reason that Americans 
visit their doctors. Dr. Brant-Zawadzki 
said. As many as 80 percent of Ameri- 


cans complain of aching backs at some 
time in weir li 


lives, and nearly a third 
have back pain at any given moment 
The annual cost of medical care for 
people with back pain is more than S8 
billion, he said. 

Since MRI scans cost about 51,000 
each, their overuse and misuse wastes 
health care dollars, medical researchers 


said. “Too often, people try to use the 
MRI to make a diagnosis." said Dr. 
John Frqymeyer, director of the Mc- 
Clure Musculoskeletal Research Center 
at tbe University of Vermont “It mis- 
leads you often enough that you per- 
form unnecessary surgery, and the re- 
sults are not very good." 

Moreover, he said, Americans have al- 
most 10 times more spinal disk opera- 
tions than people in other Western coun- 
tries. Perhaps not canodeniafly, there 
also are far more neurosurgeons and or- 
thopedic surgeons in the United States, 
ana many times more MRI nw-hmf* 

In all the years that doctors have been 
operating on people with bade pain, 
there has been only one randomized 
controlled clinical tnal comparing sur- 
gery to conservative treatment like bed 
rest and exercises, and that was done 20 
years ago in Norway. 

Tbe study included patients with rup- 
tured disks, Dr. Boyd said. Four years 
after the study began, the patients who 
had had surgery were no different from 
those who were treated without h. About 
80 percent of both groups were better. 


NASA Lifts Off to Future With Ex-Foe 


By William J. Broad 


yew York Times Service 




EW YORK — Having 
achieved a host of spectacu- 
lars in its 35 years of exis- 
tence. the National Aero- 
nautics and Space Administration has 
now embarked on a goal so bold, risky 
and surprising that the venture at 
times seems to unnerve the most dar- 
ing of its visionaries. 

The agency is merging many of its 
leading activities with those of ihe 


Russian space program, its pre-enn- 
al during 


nent foe and rival during the decades 
of the Cold War. 

The East- West partnership involves 
much more than building an orbital 
outpost for astronauts, which is to be 
assembled piecemeal in space between 
1997 and 2002. Tbe two sides are also 
cooperating in manned space flights, 
aeronautics research and Earth moni- 
toring, and are talking about joining 
forces to fire robotic probes toward 
such distant and mysterious worlds as 
Pluto. 

"We’re merging our programs even 
more,” Daniel S. Goldin, NASA's ad- 
ministrator, said recently. “Given the 


tight budgets, it would be very waste- 
plicat 


ful to duplicate efforts. So we’re trying 
to bring them together.” 

Mr. Goldin conceded: “Yes, there’s 
risk and, yes, we may have a few 
failures. But in the long run, it’s the 
right thing to do. Prudent interaction 
will strengthen the science programs 
of both countries. We’re at a turning 
point.'' 

Cooperation with the Russians in 
space is an important foreign polity 
initiative of the Clinton administra- 
tion. It is intended to symbolize a new 
era of East- West cooperation and to 
engage Moscow in constructive space 
work in return for ending practices 
that upset Washington, like exporting 
advanced rocket gear to developing 
countries). 

“The space program has always 
been about the relationship between 
Washington and Moscow," said John 
E. Pike, director of space policy at the 
Federation of American Scientists, a 
private group in Washington. “Clin- 
ton’s just reversed the spin that Ken- 
nedy put on it.” 

From its earliest days, the space 
agency was dedicated to one main job: 
fighting Moscow symbolically in the 
space race and showing the world that 
the United States was the planet's 



technological leader. On the heels of 
Moscow's triumphs in lofting big 
rockets and satellites, the message was 
to be that capitalism, not communism, 
was the best way to conquer space, lift 
the human spirit and generate a flood 
of material benefits. 

In May 1961, NASA's administra- 
tor. James E Webb, and Secretary of 
Defense Robert S. McNamara joined 
forces to send a memorandum to Pres- 
ident John F. Kennedy, warning that 
"lunar and planetary exploration" 
were increasingly important weapons 
in “the battle along the fluid front of 
the Cold War." Two weeks later. Pres- 
ident Kennedy began the Apollo pro- 
gram, which culminated 25 years ago, 
in July 1969, with the landing of two 
Americans on the moon. 

Russia threw its best technology 
into the race, but failed to get its 
enormous moon rockets into space. 
Four of them exploded on the launch- 
ing pad or in flight. 

After the American triumph of 
landing men on another world, the 


space program still had ambition but 
lacked focus. The agency was given no 
overarching goal by the White House 
and soon settled into a broad techno- 
logical rivalry with the Soviet Union. 

Its approach tended to be revolu- 
tionary. while that of the Russians was 
evolutionary. NASA shot planetary 
probes past Jupiter. Saturn. Uranus 
and Neptune, even as the Soviets had 
trouble sending spacecraft to such 
nearby worlds as Mars. 

Closer to Earth, the United States 
used its technological edge to embark 
on the world's First winged, reusable 
spaceship, known as the shuttle. It 


devised extraordinarily high-powered 
tho 


engines for the craft that, though tem- 
peramental were wonders of minia- 
turization. In contrast, the Russians 
were forced to rely on big, bulky en- 
gines and rockets that were thrown 
away after each use. 

In 1984, the agency got permission 
from the Reagan administration to 
push ahead into the one sphere where 
the Russians were unquestioned lead- 


ers: the building of space stations in 
Earth orbit The U.S. outpost was to 
be bigger, better and more expensive. 
By 1 990, plans called for the station to 
measure 508 feet (155 meters) in 
length. Costs ova- its 30-year lifetime 
were estimated at up to $120 billion. 

“NASA’s argument of choice was 
always heroic exploration — the great 
miss ion on which the future of hu- 
mankind would depend," Alex Ro- 
land, a former NASA historian who 
now teaches history at Duke Universi- 
ty, said in an interview. “But it never 
hesitated to invoke the Russians when 
it served its purposes.” 

By the early 1990s, with the Cold 
War over, battling the Russians was 
no longer relevant and the agency 
seemed to lack the will to probe the 
unknown for its own sake. NASA 
seemed adrift. Shuttle launchings 
were repeatedly delayed by mechani- 
cal snags. Satellites mysteriously 
Failed in orbit. Space probes broke 
down on tbe way to Jupiter and Mars. 

In March 1992, President George 
Bush appointed a new NASA admin- 
istrator, Mr. Goldin, who pledged an 
era in which the agency’s endeavors 
would be “smaller, cheaper, faster, 
better,” ending a trend to bigness and 
complexity that had marked NASA's 
rivalry with Moscow. 

Tbe Clinton adminis tration mar- 
ried this cost-cutting goal with a broad 
initiative to join the Russians in coop- 
erative space projects. Last year, it 
reached a plan to have the Russians 
become partners in the space station 
project, which : was. mired in-design 
studies after expenditures of more 
than $10 billion. 

The White House said the East- 
West outpost, in addition to reward- 
ing Russia for good behavior and 
helping stabilize the Russian econo- 
my, would do more, cost less and be in 
orbit faster than it would if the United 
States did the project exclusively with 
its Western partners. Europe, Japan 
and Canada. 

Another area of accord is Earth- 
resources monitoring. Analysts say 
such collaborations are likely to ex- 
pand to satellites and environmental 
monitoring in general 

Perhaps the most visionary aspect 
of the alliance centers on joint mis- 
sions to send robotic probes to such 
places as Pluto, the outermost and 
most mysterious of the planets, the 
only one never visited by a spacecraft. 



R en*r 


Valentino ’s camouflage ball skirt and military shirt 


A New Take on Glamour 


Valentino Tries a Little Camouflage With Elegance 


4A-- 




International Herald Tribune^- 


bTMjuvujr tDC XKJ acc Liaiy JUlia wim upsumuuig 

IE /T • 0*1 T"| p "It /T rp 1 eap s that might have been inspired by the movie 

Motion Sickness: Bane ot Many travelers ^ia2asi5S!&w^ 

J lost in the unenchanted forest that made a fall- 


By Jane E. Brody 

New York Tima Service 


H 


If 

jTolli 


EW YORK — Those who feel 
queasy at the mere thought of a 
long car ride, an airplane trip 
in bad weather or a sail on a 


are as susceptible to tbe affliction as 
their owners, and even fish can get sea- 
sick when being transported in a tank on 
a boat traveling over a rough sea. 


inner ear 
moving 
bouncing up 
from side to side. 



swaying 


i lling 

Ctthi 


sea may take s mall comfort in the 


fact that they are hardly alone. 


J Fully 90 pCTcenl of people are suscep- 
tible to motion sickness to varying de- 
ees, and, going back in history, they 
ive had some illustrious company in 
ir misery. 


The affliction is believed to be caused 
by the brain getting disparate, and 
therefore confusing, messages from the 
inner ear. which houses the mechanism 
for balance, and from the eyes and pres- 
sure receptors on other body pans. 


i Lawrence of Arabia, for example, had 
difficulty keeping down lunch while rid- 
ing on Ins camel in the campaign against 
the Turks. Charles Darwin is said to 
have “discovered" evolution after insist- 
ing that he be let off the Beagle to quell 
his seasickness. Cicero, Julius Caesar, 
Winston Churchill and Lord Nelson 
were also plagued by motion sickness. 
3' About half the men and women who 
bave traveled in space have suffered 
from zero-gravity motion sickness. Dogs 


The inner ear contains three fluid- 
filled tubes called the semicircular ca- 
nals; as the fluid within them shifts, it 
lets the brain know how our bodies are 
moving in space: up, down. Forward, 
backward, sideways or turning. 


But your eyes, fixed on a printed page 
that is moving at the same rate you are, 
and your legs and buttocks, which are 
stationary, are not registering this move- 
ment The conflicting messages deliv- 
ered to the nausea center in the brain are 
considered the cause of carsickness. 


Also in the inner ear are calcium crys- 
tals called otoliths that respond to ihe 
tug of gravity, telling the brain whether 
the head is erect, tilted or upside down. 
The eyes also monitor directions in mo- 
tion and the orientation of the body in 
space, as do the joints and pressure 
receptors on the skin. 

Let’s say you are trying to read while 
riding in the back seat of a car. Your 


Age, ethnic background, hormonal in- 
fluences and psychological factors help 
determine who gets motion sickness and 
when it strikes. Infants rarely become 
carsick, but children between the ages of 
2 and 12 often do. with gills being more 
susceptible than boys. Susceptibility di- 
minishes with age; the problem is least 
common among people over 50. The 
same thing is true of dogs: puppies are 
often carsick, but adult dogs rarely are. 


The problem usually starts with the 
skin becoming pale. Next comes yawn- 
ing, restlessness and a cold sweat, per- 
haps followed by drowsiness, a feeling 


of malaise, a slightly upset stomach, and 
excess salivation. The final stage is - 
nausea and vomiting. 

Motion sickness advice ranges from 
the anecdotal to the scientifically prov- 
en. Some people swear to the effective- 
ness of stuffing cotton in both ears. Two 
over-the-counter nonmedidnal reme- 
dies have won an increasing number of 
converts: powdered ginger root and 
acupressure wrist bands. 

Various medications remain popular, 
from over-the-counter antihistamines, 
like Dramamme, Bonine and Marezine, 
to the prescription skin patch. Trans- 
derm Soap, which is worn behind the ear 
and releases scopolamine slowly. 

Common sense measures are often the 
most hdpfuL Avoid reading while in or 
on a moving vehicle. Place yourself 
where there is the least motion: the front 
seat of a car, in the center of the deck of 
a ship, over the wing erf an airplane. 

Look ahead at distant objects or the 
horizon, or at the road ahead if yon are 
driving, or close your eyes. 


P ARIS —Glamour in ail its guises, down 
to traditional high heels, feathers and 
furs, is emerging as the' one unifying 
theme of the fall/ win ter couture collec- 
tion. It is a season for the up tilted cocktail bat, 
polished make-up, red lips and all those star 
qualities that went offstage daring the downtown 
grungyera. 

Maybe a new take on glamour is hardest for 
those who have always believed iniL For Valen- 
tino did his worst to conceal the fact that he had 
a pretty nice collection, what with dead leaves 
scattered on the runway and models striding out 
in military berets and camouflage-patterned 
boots (not to mention ball gowns). 

What was it ail about? A chance to make 
peace, not war, claimed the designer who does 
not usually go in for such strange tricks. Fake fur. 
trimmings also seemed to have found an unlikely 
advocate in the luxury-loving Valentino. Joan 
Collins, sitting Eire an icon of Hollywood glam- 
our in the front row, looked as bemused as 
everybody else to see furry hats with upstanding 
ears that might have been inspired by the movie 
“Wolf’ or Uttle Red Riding Hood. 

Yet, it was really only the accessor 
lost in the unenchanted forest that made a fall- 
foliage backdrop for the runway. 

Once the opening militaiy numbers had 
marched offstage, the season’s look emerged 
from the undergrowth. Flared jackets over A-une 
skirls or dresses made a pretty and forgiving 
shape. They came mostly in fluffy mohair, which 
was also used for coats. 

The daywear went with over-the-knee velvet 
boots like bold-up hose or lacy knee socks, a 
m i s ta ke n attempt to make hip hoiscry as h»nr^ 
couture. But the sylvan theme brought delicate 
leaf embroidery — just one example of how 
subtly Valentino can use decoration with the 
1 work of his lightheaded Roman atelier. 

At night, Valentino served up soufflHight 
glamour, once be had got rid of a camouflage ball 
skirt worn with a four-pocket militaiy shirt (and 
this for women -who cany their plannum credit 
cards in one minuscule purse). Ravishing eve- 
ning dresses made the fancy effects — the jet 
bugle bead embroidery or lattice weaves in gari-p 
— look oh-so-siinple, as couture should. 

This was an intriguing moment to see a vintage 
Saint Laurent collection, for his glory days in the 
1970s have become a reference point for a stew of 
ywm^draigncxti trying to redefine glamo ur for 

“I have been told that they are doing it and I 


feel a sense of gratitude,” said Saint Laurent 
w w&sgrverwfaehned WithcOSpli- 

ments on his pcilleqtiazL : . 

Saint Laurent now 'sees glamour in a different 
way — as thepeif ectioti of a Suzie Wong cheong- 
sam dress shadowing the body — one of many 
designs on the Chinese theme. He finds it in the 
dazzling Abraham brocades, making them seem 
buttersoftfar a grand coat or a shorter mandarin 
jacket The most sensational outfit was a coat 
with a pattern of climbing mauve wistaria over 
the softest chiffo n dress patterned with irises. 

Saint Laurent’s color sense remains magical 
and if most of the opening odors were quiet like 
navy shadowing blade, there were bravura mixes 

for^sidcH^' tunic over narrow pants. Saint 
Laurent called the Chinese theme “part of my 
dreams." 



\ 




But Saint Laurent is unable, from his vantage 
point to see his 1970s past as a spring board for 
fashion's future. In fact the bones of a more 
familiar line — those infamous stiff shoulders — 
were still there. But the tailoring was softened 
and rquvenated with short hemlines and Pierrot 
collars: Velvet and fur gave a distinguished sense 
of luxury to the masterful technique. 

The soundtrack told the story at Guy Laroche, 
where designer Michel Klein used conversations 
front Feflinijffld Bufluel movies to give a quirky 
take on the Dolce Vita years. 

“1 wanted to give, people a desire for clothes 
■again and to want to give parties for them,” said 
Klein, wboj*eni off in all directions at night with 
Cage aux Folles metal crinoline and feather- 
lined coats. ' 

But for day the clothes had a sporty charm and 
challenged aR those fixed couture ideas that 
- glamour has to be about high beds and upswept 
chignons. -The show opened in a burst of color, a 
contrast to- Klein's first sober collection for Lar- 
oche last season. Splashes of bright lacquer yel- 
low and pagoda-shaped jackets (worn With the 
sfim pants) gave a touch of chrzunserie. 

The tidy tailored silhouette, with snail feath- 
ered hdmet-hats, had a palish ' and so phisrica - 
tion. If Klein can develop his expanding couture 
vocabulary, he may bring some youthful energy 
to haute couture. 

Kyoto is older, far older ' than couture. And 
Hane Mori celebrated the 1,200 birthday of the 
Japanese city with a poetic homage. ■ Kim ono 
coats with a Westen sophistication 'were deco- 
raied with the traditional landscapes' of mpiin- 
tom pcaks/bamboo fronds and floweis. An extra 
detail was added to (me of those -work of art 

wSES Passage frittered an em- 

broidered butterfly — Mori’s fashion signature.. 





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front 25 countries, compiled 
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F MAMJJ FMA M JJ! 
1993 1994 1993 1994 1 

$t UftfdMat • j 

7fw tnOax tacks UJS. dotar Must of stocks tv Tokyo. Nnr York. London, cntf I 
Argentina, AuskaBa, Austria, Malum, Brad, Canada. ChDa, Danmark. Finland. ! 
Franca, Gammy, Hong Kong. Jufoltadco, NMhartand* Now Zealand, Mommy, 
Singapore. Spain, Smitten, Stei to o rta og and VenaauetaL For Tokyo. Nam Yak and 
London, the Indm a composed cl the 2Q top Issues in terns at marital capfa/ization. 
othonrion the fan rap stocks ate tracked. 


Industrial Sectors 


Wed. Pin. - % WmS. Prav. X 

. Boar cto» rfMnga - dw dare dam 

Enwgf 118.60 112.48 4fl.11 CapMGoofc 11448 11429 40.17 

UUMw 121,82 121.12 +0.86 RawMBhihh 128.51 127.36 , 40.90 

Ffawoe 11924 11&89 4029 CoBWinBrQoodt 99,56 9B-BT -ri).7B 

Santas 11B.B4 11B.02 -0.15 129.19 128.34 4066 

For man information abort the Index, a booklet Is available tree of charge. 

Write to Tttokvfox. 181 AvsnueGbartas do GauHaazsa NeuByCedex, Frame. 




A Hard Monetary Act to Follow 

Half a Century After Bretton Woods, Few New Ideas 


By Lawrence Malkin 

Jnurnammd Herald Tribune 

• NEW YORK. — Fifty years ago, 45 
wartime allies against fascism agreed on 
the stroctmc of the postwar monetary 
order. Tins Bretton Woods system — 
named for the resort in New Hampshire 
where it was drawn up — was so success- 
fid in promotuig world prosperity that its 
inheritors are meeting to try again. But 
the world has changed so much that they 
are unldxly to succeed, and they know it. 

The s umm er calendar is crowded with 
conclaves of the great and good in the 
world of international monetary affairs. 
The Institute for International Econom- 
ics, the leading Washington research in- 
stitution in the field, has already held its 
conference bat readied no consensus ex- 
cept that the question of rebuilding the 
present non-system of flexible exchange 
rates must be kept alive. 

The few surviving original delegates 
will gather this -summer for a day of 
remembrance at Bretton Woods itself, 
■and late in September a panel of officials 
and theorists will try to make some prac- 
tical suggestions at a conference orga- 
nized by the pre-eminent Bretton Woods 
institution, die International Monetary 
Fund, at its annual meeting in Madrid. 

Bui Robert Hormais, vice president of 
Goldman Sachs International and an 
economic official under four presidents, 
dismissed the notion that “a few intellec- 
tuals are going to sit down and recon- 
struct the system.** At the original Bret- 
ton Woods conference, he said, “there 


were only two really powerful players, 
the United States and Britain, and now 
that are many more.** 

A self-appointed Bretton Woods 
Commission, composed mainly of for- 
ma financial officials now in banking 
and business, opened a two-day meeting 
at the U.S. State Department Wednes- 
day evening, with Paul A. Volcker, the 
forma Federal Reserve Board chairman, 
in the role of “convenor” rather than 
chairman. 

Mr. Volcker, skeptical of the practical- 
ity of the group’s original suggestion for 

At the original 
conference, there were 
only two really powerful 
players, the United States 
and Britain. 

restoring the Bretton Woods style of 
tight currency rates and a strong IMF to 
police them, wanted to distance himself 
from it. 

The group revised its recommendations 
to make more stable exchange-rate targets 
ID end rather than a be ginnin g, and Mr. 
Volcker said he preferred the revised re- 
port “because it is pretty mushy.** He 
added, “People are talking about these 
questions, which is all to the good, but the 
possibility of change seems dim-" 

This depends on the political will of 
the world's principal trading nations. At 


the end of the seven- nation economic 
summit in Naples this month. President 
Bill Clinton said monetary reform would 
be on the agenda of next year’s meeting 
in Canada. 

C. Fred Bergs ten. director of the Insti- 
tute for International Economics, says be 
fears this may have happened “because 
they were scrambling to get something 
out of Naples.” StilL the ideas floated at 
the unofficial gatherings can feed into 
the official meetings. 

All the conferences address these prin- 
cipal themes: 

• Integrating the huge Chinese and 
Russian economies into the international 
system as they adapt the principles of the 
market economy. 

• Improving the lot of the world's 
poor people by streamlining the World 
Bank and simultaneously ensuring that 
growth policy also takes account of the 
challenge of protecting the environment. 

• Lear ning to live with and even mas- 
ter the huge flows of private money in 
international financial markets so that 
they do not overwhelm policies of demo- 
cratically elected governments. This is 
the most important problem, and no one 
seems to much of an idea what to do 
about it; investors do not want to yield 
the freedom afforded by computerized 
international capital markets, and gov- 
ernments do not want to yield enough 
sovereignty to an international body to 
enable it to govern swings in the markets. 

“We live in a world of instant informa- 

See BRETTON, Page 12 


Fed Chiefs Talk 
Puts Dollar 
On Defensive 


CcrtptftJt* Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
slipped against most major cur- 
rencies Wednesday after com- 
ments from Alan Greenspan, 
the chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve Board, eroded investors' 
desire to own dollar-denomi- 
nated assets. 

Mr. Greenspan said inflation 
in the United States may not be 
under control and that the cen- 
tral bank would act against any 
surge in the cost of living, sug- 
gesting that higher interest rates 
are to come. 

While higher rates increase 
the return on dollar deposits, 
they also could choke off the 
U.S. economic recovery, which 
shoved the stock market down. 
Meanwhile, prospects for a 
pickup in inflation battered 
Treasury bond prices and sent 
yields up because inflation 
erodes the value of fixed-in- 
come securities. 

Without foreign demand for 
U.S. assets and the dollars 
needed to buy them, the dollar 
will have little chance of re- 
bounding from its five-month 
slump, said Chris Iggo, interna- 
tional economist at Chase Man- 
hattan Bank. 


The U.S. currency finished 
New York trading at 15639 
Deutsche marks, down from 
1.5685 Tuesday, and at 98.685 
yen, down from 99.200. The 
dollar slipped 10 55630 French 
francs from 5.3760 and to 
1.3190 Swiss francs from 
1.3275. But the pound weak- 
ened to 515465 from 515486. 

Mr. Greenspan’s remarks 
pressured the dollar because 
currency traders “are afraid of 
what higher interest raus are 
going to do to debt and equity 
markets in the U.S.” said Da- 
vid Durst, vice president of- 
Bear, Steams & Co. 

Although Mr. Greenspan’s 
comments on the dollar woe the. 
most forceful to date, stressing 
that its weakness was bad for the 
American economy and that it 
was a factor in the Fed’s policy 
deliberations, traders said his ef- 
fort failed to have any meaning- 
ful effect on investor confidence. 

“I don't think be said any- 
thing that would support a high- 
er dollar,” said Dcmra Larsen, 
assistant vice president at Cony- 
merzbank in New York. “He re- 

See DOLLAR, Page 12 ; 


China Says It’s Not Willing to Rejoin GATT 4 at Any Cost’ 


- ©wemaitoraJ Herald Tribute 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

BEIJING — China said 
Wednesday it would not trade 
off national interests to gain en- 
try to die General Agreement 
on Tariffs and Trade and would 
renege on all commitments if 
barred from the world trade or- 
ganization. 

. “China will not restore its 
GATT contracting status at any 
cost,” Wu Yi, the foreign trade 
minister, was quoted as saying 
by the official Xinhua news 
agency. 

“China will seek a principle 


of balance between rights and 
obligations and will not trade 
off the suue*s fundamental in- 
terests for the sake of re-entry,'* 
Mrs. Wu told the Jeffrey Gar- 
ten, a U.S. trade official, who is 
visi ting China. 

China, a GATT founding 
member, withdrew from what it 
regarded as a capitalist cartel 
after the 1949 communist revo- 
lution, but applied to rejoin in 
1986 after introducing market 
reforms. 

China is now the world’s 
1 1 th-Iargest trading nation. 


Digital Equipment Changes the Matrix 


By Glenn Rifkin 

Hem York Tunes Service 


N ew york — 

When Digital 
Equipment Corp.’s 
chief executive an- 
nounced last week that the., 
company was taking yet an- 
other huge charge against 
flaming* , in yet another effort 
to revive the staggering com- 
puter giant, he also an- 
nounced an end to the compa- 
ny’s decades-old management 
system. 

“Matrix management at 
our company is dead," Robot 
B. Palmer, Digital's president 
and chief executive, said. “For 
Digital, that statement is 
monumental.” 

Monumental indeed. Ma- 
trix management may sound 
like some business-school ar- 
canum. But many people in- 
side and outside Digital have 
said the system of manage- 
ment by consensus sapped en- 
ergy and efficiency from 
product-development efforts. 

They also said it was a lead- 
ing factor in Digital's 54 bil- 
lion of losses ova the past 
four years, a figure that does 
not include the $200 million 
fourth-quarter loss Digital is 


ting in place a system chat 
makes his top executives more 
dearly accountable for the 
success or failure of their divi- 
sions. No more interminable 
meetings before making any 
decision. No more need to de- 
lay a customer’s call for help 
while tracking down someone 
in marketing, engineering, 


manufacturing or sales autho- 
rized to supply an answer. 

No more of the otha fams 
of consensus-building that 
may have once helped Digital 
become the oountiys second- 
largest computer maker but 
more recently have been seen 
as reducing the company to a 
plodding, unfocused giant in 


expected to report next week. 
’ But now, Mr, Palma is put- 


The Trend? Cut Dead Wood 

By Kara Swisher 

Washington Part Service 

WASHINGTON — The jovial golfing buddies of the chief 
executive, the figureheads who add nothing but hot air, the 
. lifers who are elected without pause decade after decade — all 
will disappear from corporate boards of the future; according to 
a new report by specialists on corporate management. 

“More corporations are getting dead weight off their 
boards,” said Jean SSsoo, chairman of the National Association 
of Corporate Directors. “It's not a sure thing anymore that you 
automatically get elected year after year if you are not useful” 

Ms. Sisco said the association developed its report with 
hopes it would spur companies to transform the top of the 
corporate pyramid themselves without having it mandated by 
angry stockholders or finger-shaking government agencies. 

Among the recommendations in the association’s report 
are: a formal annual performance evaluation of top manage- 
ment by tiie board, similar to those done for employees; 
standardized criteria for selecting board members; less in- 
volvement by thechief executive is the selection process and 
self-evaluation to winnow out weak board members. 

In recast years, a focus on corporate governance has 
resulted in changes. like as.betrer reporting on compensation 
and improved co mmuni cations with shareholders. 


an industry where speed and 
flexibility are keys to success. 

Analysts blame (he matrix 
organization, at least in part, 
for leaving Digital poorly po- 
sitioned m several crucial 
markets. These include per- 
sonal computers, work sta- 
tions based on cutting-edge 
reduced-instruction-sei com- 
puting, or RISC, chips and 
computers using the industry- 
standard Unix software oper- 
ating system. 

To be sure, Digital is taking 
otha steps to right itself be- 
sides dropping matrix. It 
plans to cut 20,000 jobs in the . 
next 12 months. On Tuesday, 
as pari of its effort to focus on 
its core computer systems and 
components business. Digital 
said it was selling its disk drive 
operations to Quantum Carp, 
for $400 million. 

But the move that nay fun- 
damentally change digital 
more than any step the compa- 
ny has taken since Kenneth H. 
Olsen founded it in 1957, is the 
decision to scrap Mr. Olsen's 
cherished matrix management 

“This is not a shift in boxes 
on an organizational chan,” 
said Enrico Pesaton, whom 
Mr. Palma promoted to vice 

See DIGITAL, Page 15 


Other countries, particularly 
the United States, nave voiced 
doubts ova China's conformity 
with GATT guidelines, calling 
its trade rules murky and un- 
fair. its markets blocked and its 
state corporations coddled. 

But Mrs. Wu said that in just 
a few years China had adopted 
trade reforms that other coun- 
tries had developed over a cen- 
tury. She added, however, that 
China could not be asked to 
remake itself overnight 

The U.S. last month named 
China as a major copyright in- 
fringer, a move that could trig- 


ger U.S. sanctions on Chinese 
goods. It also is concerned that 
China's market is too dosed to 
U.S. businesses, and is pressur- 
ing China to open up. 

Trade has overtaken human 
rights as the main U.S. -Chin esc 
dispute since President Bill 
Clinton decided in May lo sever 
the link between Beijing's hu- 
man rights record and low U.S. 
tariffs, known as mosl-favored- 
naiioa status. 

Despite Mrs. Wu's hard-line 
rhetoric. Mr. Garten on 
Wednesday signaled a new start 


for commercial ties with China, 
pledging greater U.S. backing 
for investors in the face of fierce 
competition. 

“1 think there is a sense of a 
very promising future here. 
With the MEN constraint re- 
moved, there are a lot of possi- 
bilities." said Mr. Garten. 

Mr. Garten said the trade im- 
balance with China jumped to 
S23 billion from 571 million 
from 1983-1993 and increased 
threefold over the past four 
years. The U.S. deficit was $9.2 
billion in the first five months 


Axel Springer Changes Decision , 
Richter Will Succeed Prinz as CEO 


Bloomberg Business Hens 

BERLIN — The newspaper publisher Axel 
Springer Verlag AG. overturning a decision it 
announced six months ago, said Wednesday it 
would replace its retiring chief executive, Gunter 
Prinz, with JOrgen Richter, who joined the com- 
pany in January. 

The company said in January that it would 
appoint Horst K riser, a management board 
member, to the top position. 

In a statement issued before the company's 
shareholder meeting Wednesday, Springer said. 
“The unexpected speed with which Dr. Jurgen 
Richter has worked his way into the job, and the 
fact that there is so much young management 
potential in the company, have allowed us to 
move on from that decision.” 

“This is a big surprise, and it looks very 
interesting," said Fionnuala Cony, analyst a: 
NatWest Securities Ltd. in London. “It looks 
like there could be a major shakeup — you don’t 
normally get this kind of change without some 
change in the shareholder structure." 

The analyst speculated that the Munich-based 
media company Kirch Gruppe might try to in- 
crease its indirectly owned 35 percent stake in 
the company. But a Springer representative said 
this was unJxkely. 

“The Springer family would have lo sell 
shares, ana they have no plans to do so,” she 
said. 

Otha analysts said the move may indicate that 
Springer plans to shift its focus from newspapers 
toward electronic media. 

Springer publishes Biid Zeitung, a tabloid con- 
sidered to be the biggest-selliug newspaper in 
Europe, as well as the quality daily Die Welt and 
several other major newspapers. 

Mr. Prinz, 64, has headed the company since 


the death of Chief Executive Gunter WDIe last 
year. 

Before joining Springer. Mr. Richter. 52. had 
been managing director since 1 985 of Konzern- 
hoiding Medien Union GmbH in Ludwigshafen, 
which owns several newspapers and other media 
outlets. 

The decision to appoint Mr. Richter was pan 
of a management restructuring designed to 
“meet the growing demands of the market.” the 
company's statement said. 

The company also said its first-half sales rose 
1.5 percent despite a series of short strikes by its 
main tirade union. IG Medien. 

Mr. Keiser retired from the management 
board Wednesday along with Claus Liesner. 
Hans-Joachim Marx and Mr. Prinz. They were 
replaced by Folk Ettwein, Rudolf Knepper and 
Dieter Pacholski. 

The company also decided that there would be 
no board member designated as responsible for 
the journalism division, reducing the manage- 
ment board to six members from seven. The 
division had been Mr. Prinz's specific 
assignment 

“As long as the upturn of the first six months 
continues, we can expect a higher profit this year 
than we achieved in 1993," Mr. Prinz told share- 
holders at the meeting. 

The company had net profit of 71.4 million 
Deutsche marks ($46 million) m 1993. up ^ 
percent from 57.2 million DM in 1992. 

For the rest of 1 994, Springer intends to invest 
about 220 million DM in a number of projects, 
including the expansion of its plant in the Kreuz- 
berg section of Berlin, Mr. Prinz said. 

It will also invest in a number of newspapers, 
including a new publication called News- 
Deutschlandu 


~of this year, second only to that 
with Japan, according to U.S.. 
figures. 

He said the answer to the 
ballooning U.S. trade deficit 
with China would be aggressive 
exporting by U.S. companies, 
not protectionism. 

Rod Brown, the U.S. secre- 
tary of commerce, is due to hold 
talks in Beijing next month, the 
first U.S. cabinet member to 
visit since Mr. Clinton formally 
delinked trade issues from hu- 
man rights, a source of constant 
friction. (Reuters, AFP, API 


Bell Profits 
Differ on 
Two Coasts 

C ompiledby Our Staff From Dispatches 

Pacific Telesis Group 
reported a drop Wednes- 
day in second-quarter prof- 
it because of a rate order by 
regulators, but Bell Atlan-, 
tic said profit rose with in- 
creased use of its local 
phone lines and its nation- 
wide cellular service. 

Pacific Telesis said its 
revenue fell to $2516 billion 
in the quarter from $232 
billion a year earlier, al- 
though its operating profit 
rose 85 percent, to $307 
milli on. Tne company also 
reduced its rates by $3 1 
million in the quarter and 
took a charge of $29 million 
to resolve a dispute with 
California regulators. 

Net income in the latest 
quarter was $278 million, 
down from $291 million a 
year earlier. 

Bell Atlantic posted sec- 
ond-quarter net. income of 
$415.4 million, up from 
$362.6 million a year earli- 
er. Without one-time 
charges, the year-ago figure 
was 54025 million. 

Revenue rose 5.4 per- 
cent, to £3.39 billion. 

(Bloomberg, AP) ■ 


CURRENCY ft INTEREST RATES 



Cross Rates 

V s C DJ*. F- 

Amritokw L® a; «2» “ 

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Madrid »» 2® 2 

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jjjjS 2JBLK MM .474725 IMS Utff no. MB) 

ffo* York and Zurich. OxtoBS la other canton; Tomato 


r Deposits 

Swiss 

D-Mark Franc 

Sterling 

F reach 
Franc 

Ytn 

July 20 

ECU 


4 ft4 ft 

4ta*5ft 

5*v5ft 

m 

5 "'-5 

OLfl U 
v m VTB 

4VWW 


Sft-flfc 

2 ft-2 W 

5ft-5% 

amh 

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Sft-4 

4*4 

44Mtt 

MW i 

StarS -ft 

2 ft-2 ft 

6WHW. 


Saunas: Reuters. Uomb Bonk. 

JkmiwplicmtakikirtmdBBamnnBiHmmWtnum tor oopMed). 


Kay Mossy Rates 


United States 


ana dollar; *: iMts of MB-' HO.: not mated; HA.: net 


Currency Pars 
Mix. pen MB 
N. Zealand! IMS 
None, krone MW 
Stan, peat 26.M 
PalUbsMv 22X75 
POfteseudo WM 
teBLinMe 2SSU0 
Saarir*fl 3J50? 
ska.s 1JHS 


Cormcv Peri 
LAfr.nwl 14785 
S.KW.wen 8054) 
SWMtMM 7JB4 
Totems 4L45 

TMMnM 2457 

IWUlki 30774, 
UAE dirtum 18727 
Vwtethaftv. iaado 


Forward Rates Cmnaet 2Moy flHknr Tutor 

CKnicy *- d 2: < fS5 tSE Crawdoodeltar 1JS# MM3 1.3860 

KSStUte ;SS 1 S monesevas *.« 

EteonartePik J5E U335 Ul« 

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sourcts: IHO am* /Amf £^ > f p a risl; Bar* at ntna (Tokyo); RoM Bar* at canaoa 


prmerate 
F ed er al tenai 

WMM&CDs 
Como. Pdoer HMenrs 
MomiTrenanrUU 
Wear Treasury MU 
Mroor Treasury eelo 
5 ra r Treanry eete 
T+aarYnaurrnrtt 
te-roar Treasury note 
Se-vatrTrravry bcAd 

Mena Lyman-fey Ready* 
Japan . 

DlKMrinh 
Cofleemey 
VflMMMUHtlM 
S-aio*m Mcftcmfc 
MMMtfe Mertank 
I fry wr B wa n w M Mod 

Brawny 
LMBbararan 
.Gnu money 

Vfnoatb Interbank 

jrawtfc teie ra me 
BHreai* Band 


Close PrtY. 

y* »k 
7% 7% 

4Vj 4ft. 

4.U *17 

*95 *75 

*9 04 

SJD9 *99 
*91 590 

*92 *72 

*97 *7* 

793 7.13 

7S4 TM 
SMITH 149 

14k 1M 
2 2 

2 2 

2ft. 2 H. 
2ft 2ft 
05 *32 

UO 496 
490 4.95 

*W *95 
*90 *95 

*90 *95 

*29 *48 


Microsoft Profit Jumps With Revenue 


v 

5ft 5ft 
5 5ft 
5 ft 5ft 
5ft 5ft 
5ft 5ft 


■fltamtfMrate 5.10 5.10 

Call money 5ft 5ft 

MneofTi imerbow 5ft 5ft 

xnomn tam umm 3ft Sft 

twain MeniONt 5ft 5ft 

lfrvearMT 7 JO 7 JO 

Sources; Reuters. Btaomoera. mmrriu 
Lynch. Bank of Tokyo, Commerzocmk, 
ermnamUManhamCrMt Lyonnais. 

(BUM 

ajk. pm. cave 
Zurich 38*35 ®J5 +245 

London 38*46 387*5 +2» 

KmrYork 387.00 38540 -LSI 

tLS Ootiurs eerounat Leaden nHidOl m- 
most Zurich and Ham York euenltv ana clo*. 
ino Prices; He w York Comes (Avaall 
Source; Reuters. 


Bloomberg Business News 

REDMON D, Washington — 
Microsoft Corp. said Wednes- 
day its nev profit jumped 37 
percent in its financial fourth 
quarter, helped by strong sales 
of its Microsoft Office software 
package and Windows operat- 
ing system. 

The company earned a net 
5362 million in the quarter, up 
from $265 million in the com- 
parable year-ago period. The 
results included a one-time gain 
of $30 million from the settle- 
ment of a lawsuit with another 
software company. 

The earnings, released after 
the stock market dosed, were 
just above the consensus of ana- 
lysis* expectations. 

Revenue in the quarter ended 
June 30 rose 24 percent, to 
SI-29 billion. 

While the earnings results 
were positive, analysts said they 
expected Microsoft executives 
to tell shareholders aL the com- 
pany's annual meeting on 
Thursday that its new operating 


system, now under develop- 
ment, would be ready later than 
expected, with shipments start- 
ing early next year. 

■ For Compaq, Mixed News 

Despite a healthy 95 percent 
increase in second-quarter 
earnings, Compaq Computer 
Corp. stock fell Wednesday as 
skittish investors pinpointed 
rising inventories, Knight-Rid- 
der reported from New York. 

investors ignored second- 
quarter net income of $210 mil' 
bon, or 78 cents a share, which 
rose from 5102 million, or 40 
cents, a year ago. Revenue rose 
53 percent, to $2.49 billion from 
$1.63 billion. 

Apparently investors were 
troubled by a doubling in in- 
ventories, to $23. billion, from 
SI.l billion in the like quarter a 
year ago. 

Compaq dosed down $1,375 
at $31,875 on the New York 
Stock Exchange while leading 
the actives list “I'm u little bit | 


disappointed," said John Coyle, 
computer analyst for Standard 
A Poor's Corp. “They had a 

great quarter, but I'm a little bit 
concerned about margins and 
the fact that supply is beginning 
to catch up with demand in this 
industry." 

R Intel Redeems Rights 

Intel Corp. said Wednesday 
it would make a one-time pay- 


ment of half a cent per share 
share lo redeem the common 
stock purchase rights issued in 
April 1989, Reuters reported 
from Santa Clara, California., 

The company also said its di** 
rectors approved an increase of 
up to IS million shares in the' 
company’s common slock re- 

tolal author^tion to 55r2flioii 
shares. 












. V* AaodSSil Pi%»* 


Rate-Rise Fears 
Send Stocks Lower 


Comp iltd by Ow Susff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — U. S. stock 
prices followed bond prices 
lower on Wednesday after Alan 
Greenspan, the Federal Re- 
serve Board chairman, suggest- 
ed that more interest-rate in- 
creases might be needed to hold 
off inflation. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed 21 .04 points lower. 

U-S. Stocks 

at 3,727.27. Declining stocks 
outnumbered advancing stocks 
2‘ to I on the New York Stock 
Exchange, where volume to- 
taled 269.6 million. 

Government bonds finished 
down sharply, with the bench- 
mark U.S. 30-year Treasury 
bond priced at 84 27/32, up 
27/32, for a yield of 7.54 per- 
cfent, up from 7.46 percent on 
Tuesday. 

“The market believes that 
Greenspan is sending a signal 
that the Fed may raise short- 
term interest rates either at its 
Aug. 16 meeting or before.” 
<aid Hugh Johnson of First Al- 
bany Co rp. 

The central bank has raised 
short-term interest rates four 
times since February to damp- 
en inflationary pressures. 

Mr. Johnson said that Mr. 
Greenspan had opened the 
door to Lbe possibLiiy of higher 


rates, “but I don't think he's 
done anything more than thaL”j 

Cyclical shares — those sen-, 
»tive to swings in the economy] 
— ted the decline. Caterpillar 
fell 1% to 107%, Aluminum Co/ 
of America sank 1% to 8016 and- 
Boeing slumped % to 46. 

Stock and bond prices were 
generally higher in the past 
'week as economic figures nave 
suggested that inflation was less 
of a threat A slower economy; 
and lower inflation would make . 
it less likely that the Fed would ■ 
raise short-term interest rates. - 

High-technology shares also] 
took a bearing, even though thef 
companies reported upbeat sec- i. 
ond quarter earnings. Analysts 
said Wall Street sensed a peak, 
in the growth rate of technology ■ 
earnings and that the results; 
may start to slow in the coming] 
quarters. 

Sybase shares plunged 9Va to 
39% after the company reported 
that revenue growth from its 
core database software was 
slowing. 

Lotus Development shares 
dipped 1% to 31%, Oracle Sys- 
tems fell 1% to 37%. But IBM 
posted a gam of % to 56%. 

Shares m Bell Atlantic gained 
% to 56%, supported by higher- 
than-expected earnings. 

(AP, Reuters, Bloomberg) 


DOLLAR: Comments Don’t Help 


Continued foots Page II 
iterated fears that people have in 
die back of their minds.” 

The most common fear, she 
said, was that the Fed had not 
adequately addressed the risk 

Fordgw Exchange 

of higher inflation in the United 
States. Under such circum- 
stances, investors would r emain 
reluctant to buy doilar-denomi- 
nated assets. 

But many analysts concluded 

CopperPricesSnrge 
On Demand Outlook 

Bloomberg Business Nem 

LONDON — Copper prices 
surged to a two-year high on 
Wednesday on ideas strong in- 
dustrial demand will reduce al- 
ready depleted warehouse 
stocks, analysts said. 

U.S. investors “aggressively” 
bought copper, analysis said, 
bidding up prices for three- 
month delivery by $44, to 
$2,534, a level last seen in July 
1992. 


that Mr. Greenspan had sig-, 
nailed a willingness on the part' 
of the Fed to rein in any linger- 
ing fears of inflation. 

“We are still dealing with a 
very asymmetrical policy/’ said 
Neal Soss, chief economist at 
CS First Boston. “The federal 
funds rate can stay where it is or 
go up, but you still can't come 
up with an easing scenario.” 

Given Mr. Greenspan’s- 
waming about inflation, many 
traders said they expected the-. 
Fed to raise interest rates again 
soon. The central bank’s policy- 
making Open Market Commit- 
tee next meets on Aug. 16. al- 
though the Fed could act before 
then. The Fed has raised inter- 
est rates four times this year, 
p ushing the federal funds rate 
on overnight bank loans to 4.25 
percent from 3 percent. 

The prospects for higher 
rates failed to lift the dollar in 
part because the previous rate 
increases did not drive the cur- 
rency higher, Mr. Iggo said. In- 
stead, this year’s increases ham- 
mered the stock and bond 
market, driving the U.S. curren- 
cy lower. 






■ wim 

. ! Jv.'vi / i'T / /..■ j*- .■ 


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NYSE Most Actives 


Dour Jones Averages 


Ovtn Mg h Low Lost Cbg. 

Indus 3749.93 375149 3730.14 3777.91 — StJuH) 1 
Tran* 1409.11 1608.19 1SM02 1S9501 —11 07 
UW 182X3 1(143 18044 1XLM —053 
Comp 1301X8 130106 1391X7 129134 —737 


I Standard* Poor’s Indexes 


HKb low daw drae 

industnan 5290a szmo hoc— ow' 

Tramp. mjn 3B33? mm —&■ 

Utltttks 15535 1543* 15538 -111 

FhMnco 4431 4434 4431 -037 

SP50O 454.14 45049 4SL4S —226 

St* 100 42MB 41738 41028 — U7 



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NYSE Indexes 


Htab Law Lost Chg. 

Composlt* 251X2 34937 249J0 —1.19 

Industrials 309.73 3PJ9 30009 -1X5 

Tramp. M7J5 241 a 344.19 —087 

umv 204.73 205.41 20534 -057 

Romeo 311.74 31009 21055 — l.u 


NASDAQ Indexes 


Mflb Low Last Cbg. 

Cttnpasm 717X8 71IX* 71133 — 7.79 

Industrials 730XB 7203 J7&97 —050 

BOIUS 77053 74023 744X2 —5.13 

Insurance 890(0 884X1 884X1 — 1070 

Finance 93010 93000 93070 —637 

Tramp. 71143 70049 70049 +099 


AMEX Stock Index 

High Low Last Qjb- 
<04X4 432X9 433X0 —090 

Dear Jones Pond Ave rages 


2D Bonds 
u utnitha 

10 Industrials 


EUNOPEAH futubes 
M etals 


■ BM Aik RM ASK 
ALUMINUM (Kfe8 «*WW 

B * r 519^8 150200 150100 

Araanl S420O 154*00 132000 13Z70O 
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ggrand 253000 253900 247900 24800 

'PoOanpar iptortc l oa ' ■ _ 

Soot StlM 57201 5KLST SHJO 

Forward M50O 40400 40UB 40900 

NICKEL 

DoUon rot metric tM 
Spot 634000 434500 01500 432500 

RBrirortl 443500 644000 441000 642000 

TUI 

&Sr'” rm g!u t\mm 543500 544500 
Srword 580000 3nSS 

ZINC (SMCkd HMb i erode) 

S-9M0O 981X0 MUM 
Forward 100600 100700 HO50O 700*00 


forward 


Financial 


NASDAQ Most Actives NYSE Diary 



vw. Htati 

LOW 

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a»i 

Sybasas 

112110 45 

39 

3944 

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70095 50 

477* 

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Advanced 
Declined 
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Now Hiatts 
New lows 


AMEX Diary 


AMEX Most Actives 


Doomed 
unenonoed 
Total issues 
NniHpe 
Now LOWS 


cton One 

97X1 —0.15 

9271 — 0.13 

10LS1 -0.181 


748 979 

1409 1100 

470 70 

■OO! 2850 

29 55 

44 44 


223 298 

333 277 

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NASDAQ Diary 


AduonoRl 
DMmd 
Unchanged 
Total issues 
New Highs 
New Lows 


1334 1 547 

17K7 1444 

1948 1877 

5071 5070 

73 111 

110 113 


Spot Qommodltlee 


Market Sates 

CmamnStr 

Today 

NYSE 

Amct 

HflldOT 

in millions. 

.ToOOT 

IX 

27055 

14.13 

27055 

Pre». 

com. 

307051 

18.173 

300X4 

Cooper iKtrulytic. ft 
iron FOB. Ion 

Load, lb 

5ihmr,tray az 

SftM (scrap i. ton 

TOUR 

Zinc lb 

LI4 

21300 

008 

303 

119X7 

16847 

8X85 


High Lew CMh Owe 
5H0KTH STERLING OJPFE) 
OHMH-ptiefmpcr 

See MS 9454 9405 — O0Z 

Sc 9300 9192 — UB 

MCT »v*5 93J6 5834 —0X7 

55a njn 92X1 92X2 —008 

Sep 9246 9234 9Z3A —000 

MC 92X7 9U8 9200 —004 

to- 9U? 9U0 - 9177 —007 

S 91.58 *1.52 9103 -005 

Sea 9137 9135 visas — sm 

Dec 91.11 »U2 91.13 —SUB 

Mar 9100 9005 9003 -007 

Jon 9005 90X0 9038 —007 

EsL volume: 47X94. Open InL: 5ZI09L 
MHONTH EURODOLLARS tUFFE} 

51 mlHKM-ptSOf l88PCt 
Sw 94X2 9402 9401 —009 

Dk 9430 . 9430 9434 — 004 

Mar NX NX 9199 —0X4 

JtPI N-T. NX 9848 — 8X4 

5» N.T. MX 93X1 —0X5 

Eat. vetame: 390 Opon mt: iml 
MUHTT tl EUROMARKS (LIFPB) 

DMl moan -pts of wo per 
Sai 9S23 95.18 95.18 —003 

Dk 95.18 95.12 95.12 —8X5 

Mar 95X4 94M —AM 

JOB 9478 9444 94X8 — 809 

Sep 9451 9437 9438 —0.11 

Dec 9432 MX5 9408 —All 

MOT 9401 9300 9300 —0.10 

Uaa 9079 93X7 raxf —8X9 

Sep 9355 93X9 9350 —BAB 

DK 9330 9338 9839 — 8X3 

Mr 9338 93.12 93.13 —0X4 

M 9303 9182 9800 —005 

EsL volume; HK433L Qpm tot; 79A543. 
34HONTH 1HBOR (MATIF1 
FFS matofi - pfs of 188 pet 
Sep 94X0 9434 9438 —002 

DK 9432 *434 9434 —003 

MOT *430 9400 9409 —0X5 

Jm 9897 9308 AM —OX* 

94P 9374 93X7 9147 —000 

Dk 9X51 no 98X2 —0.10 

Mar 9337 9831 9131 — 0® 

Job 9U5 93X9 9108 —609 

EA volume: 39X54. Open intu 168X14. 
LOMO 6ILT U-1FFE) 

DB800 -PtS & 32nds of m Pd 
SOP 10338 103-30 105-02 —0-23 . 

Dec 102-04 102-04 10248 —MS 

E»L volume: 42084 Open tot: 111X97. 
BERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (UFFE) 
DM 3SERH > pts OflM Ptf 
SOP 9444 93X1 93*8 —078 

DOC 9335 9204 9219 —078 

Est. volume: 159064 Open tot; 9 177X25. 
lO^TgAR FRENCH BOV. BONDS (MATIF) 
FF504AOO - pts Of HO PCt 
Sep 11702 1U08 117X8 —0X0 

Dec 11404 11630 11432 —048 

Mot 116,14 11570 115J0 —0X8 

Jaa M.T. N.T. N.T. Unch. 

- Est. votome: 151320 Open InL; OUH 

: Industrials 

MSB Low Law Setae One' 
GASOIL (IPO - 

BM. doMan pe r mwrie tot* Ms of miotw 
AM U40B 13335 1S23S UOS +075 

Sep 157 JO 15400 15410 13635 +100 

Od 14050 15933 15908 15935 —073 

NOV 14235 1*133 14100 1*100 +135 

DK 14400 M3JC3 14305 16125 +100 


KKW Low 

S IMM 16425 14458 1*408 +135 

14475 14400 14400 1*400 +133- 

Mar 74208 IRS MU MM +108 

EsL volume; 14Xi2 . Open Vd. 10X74 - 


tS BS Mz§S 

Nn 1709 XtS VS 1704 +001' 
DM 1708 17.14 1704 1704 +006 

Jrn 17.15 17.12 17.12 17.18 +B33 

Fell T70B 1703 .1701 17J1 +U3 

MW NX N.T. N.T. 1707 +005 

AW N.T. N.T. NX . 1705 +805, 

Mar N-T. NX NT. 1703 +005 

Esf. volume: 22327. Open tot. 111027 


Stock Indexes . . 

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Es*. 14242 Open toCIUH. . 

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BRETTON: 50 Years Later , Ideas for a New Monetary System Are Few 


Continued from Page II 

tion, and there is no time to 
reflect on it, which raises the 
risk of errors,” said Horst 
Schulmann, who sits on the 
monetary board of the Bundes- 
bank. “Our main problem is 
moving the nation-state toward 
transnationalism. We in Europe 
have been at it longer than 
most, and we are far from get- 
ting there.” 

Given this political hurdle. 


Peter B. Kenen of Princeton 
University, America's most dis- 
tinguished international mone- 
tary scholar, suspects that “at 
the moment we overestimate 
the power of financial markets” 
because of such recent episodes 
as their success in forcing the 
British pound out of the Euro- 
pean Monetary System in 1 992. 

But Britain’s strong-pound 
policy at that time was just stu- 
pid, Mr. Kenen said, and “while 
systems can deal with imperfect 


policies, no system can survive 
a stupid one.” 

In the past — for example, 
after the Louvre agreement on 
the dollar in 1986 — markets 
have waited for guidance from 
governments, and Mr. Kenen 
says he expects that pendulum to 
swing trade again. Mr. Be^gsten, 
by contrast, says markets can be 
nudged into line if governments 
agree to tighten limits on their 
currencies’ exchange rates. 


“Officials are so spooked by. 
these huge flows they dunk they 
would be giving up sovereignly 
by setting target Tones,” he 
said, “but they would actually 
be r eclaiming it because they 
would have more direct influ- 
ence over markets.” 

Mr. Honnats says he would 
favor a “multilayered, multifac- 
eted system" with institutions 
at several levels to “avoid re- 
gionalism and nationalism. 


AMRand USAir Earnings Take 

FORT WORTH. Teas ^^s^f^dLitoJWOnd- 
Gosp, tteptont of A»g»**Srta!!S>3w.toS. 

■“ inereased 

•ggtaaaBasfaKeee-ge- 

■^5K & fc .asa?w 

$5.8 mfflkm in the 1993 quarter- 

Housing Starts Fdl9.8% m June • 

. WASHINOTON (AP) — OS. buildeRi 
fewer houses in June thab in May an.J 

.the government said Wednesday, ewdence that nsrng mortgage 

sassSss sssswss 

adooMe-sisit decline a m<mth earlier. 

Department also ironed thatporeoMlin«)rae - 

for the country joselJ perant m the first three months of the 
. year at a time when prices increased 0^ percent. 

MCI Net Soora 44% As Usage Grows 

WASHINGTON (AP) — 1 MCI Communications Corp. srnd 
- Wedhiesday its seccmd-quarter profit rose 44 percent as its traffic 

continued to grow at the fastest rate in the long-distance business. 

The. second-largest US. long-distance tdqjhonc aanpanY earned 

$215 mOKonra the quarter drat mded June30, up from $ 1 50mlhon 

in tiiecoimraraHe year-ago quarter. The 1993 quarter was reduced 
' by a $28 milHon one-time charge debt retirement. • - 

: Revenue rose 13 percent, to $33 billion. MCI said its traffic was 
im 14 percent from the 1993 quarter. On Tuesday, its rival, Spnnt 

Cmp^ said its traffic was tq>12 percent. 

Merck Profit Rises on Strong Sales 

NEW YORK. (Reuters) — Merck & Co. said Wednesday its net 
profit rose 10 percent in the second quarter, thanks to a 46 percent 
surge in sales. Schering-Plough Corp., another maker of health 
care products, posted a 13 percent ^dn iri earnings. 

Merck said it earned $764 mini on in the second quarter on sales 
of $3.8 button, up from net profit of $694 nuBtao orr sales of $2.6 
• billion in the 1903 quarter. Merck said sales of its cholesterol- 
lowering -agent Mcvacor were hdd back by competition from 
other drugs in the United States; but sales of its Pepcid ulcer 
treatment druggrew rapidly. 

Sdiering-Hoi^i rq>OTtcd second-quartexprofit of $241 million : 
■on sales of SL2.billkra; up from $213 mmioti on sales of $1.1' 
billion in the 1993 quarter. Domestic results were higher but- 
inte rnational drug sales .were flat.. ... 

Unfavorable G^mparisonHurts Sears 

CHICAGO (AP) — Scars, Roebuck & Co. said Wednesday its 
second-quarter carnfaip fdD by about half, but would have been 
< up 10 percent if not for a one-time {pin in thesepond 1993 quarter. 
The company earned $503.4 nuIK cm on revenue of $13.01 
billiah in the quarter ended June 30; dO$m from $1.0! billion on 
. revenue of $lZ16;blll>oa in the secmid quarter of iasdt year. The 
.1993 figure included a gain of S635.1 million from a public 
~ offering of 20 percent of AB^ate stock. 

Sears saiditsmerdiaa&egroup and dm Allstate insurance unit 
performed strongly in the quader, with income up 22 percent and 
8.1 percent, respocurdy. 

For the Record y , 

BaskAmerica Co^. earned a net $525. riaffion in “the ‘second 
.. quarter, up from $488 mflficK*hj,tbe l993 quarter, he^iedby Joan 
growth and unproved cr&ut quality. : XKnitfu-Ric&ter) 

McDoupteR Dou^as Corp. said Wednesday iMt strong results 
in its mS&tiny aircraft unit helped its secon&quafter-het rise 22 
percent, to $138 nuDian. ( Bloomberg) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 

























V 


Cso i >T^ - 


%-• 




Expected From 


By Brandon Mitchencr 

International Herald Tritune 

FRANKFURT — Despite a 
recent bent toward surprises, 
Germany’s powerful central 
bank is exposed to use hs mid- 
year mbnetary meeting on 
Thursday to leave key German 
interest rates unchanged and, 
consequently, rates elsewhere in 
Europe in check. 

The Bundesbank, which is 
known for its independence, also 
is likely to affirm its romance 
with a controversial annual 
money-supply target that it ap- 
pears cedant to miss for the third 
year in a row. 

“You can’t exclude the sur- 
prise factor, but Td attach a very 
kw probability to if,” said Gun- 
ther Thtirmann, a Bundesbank 
observer 1 , at Salomon Brothers 
Inc. He; predicted Thursday's 
central bank governors meeting 
would produce little. 

In its! July monthly report, 
published Thursday,- the 
Bundesbank reiterated its con- 
viction that galloping growth in 
its key target, M-3 growth, was 
primarily the result of special 
factors at the start of the year. 
The M-3 money supply com- 
prises currency in circulation, 
sight deposits, time deposits for 
less than four years and certain' 
short-term savings deposits. 

M-3 growth slowed to 113 
percent m June from 13,4 per- 
cent in May, bnt was still more 
than double the upper end of the 
Bundesbank's 4 percent- to-6 
percent target for the full year, 
leading many analysts to predict 
that monetary pokey would re- 
main on hold until after the 
Bundesbank's August recess. 

(tee factor said to be partly 
responsible for the money-sup- 
ply expansion was a reluctance 
by investors to buy bonds, which 
are not contained inM-3. 

On Wednesday, the central 
bank trimmed the interest rate 
on its market-sensitive securities 
repurchase agreements, or repos, 
to 4.88 percent from from 4.91 
percent a week earlier. 

The Bundesbank last cut its 


discount and Lombard rates on 
May 13, by a half percentage 
point-each to 4.5 percent and 6.0 
percent, respectively- The dis- 
count rate sets a floor on Ger- 
man interest rates, which have a 
ripple effect far beyond Germa- 
nysbordccs-Tbe Lombard is 
the effective ceiling, and the 
Bundesbank uses the repo rate 
to guide German mosey markets 
between the other two. 

Mr. Thurmann predicted the 
Bundesbank would leave the 
discount rate unchanged Thurs- 
day 'despite market speculation 
that it might lower it to improve . 
its ability to. maneuver repo, 
rates down in August. 

There is little likelihood the 
Bundesbank will upset markets 
by raising its money-supply tar- 
get for the year, he said, adding: 
“It would be very hard to defend 
raising the target because most 
people .would see it as a merely 
cosmetic procedure without any 
substance behind it” 

Indeed, the fundamentals on 
which the Bundesbank bases hs 
target — growth of gross do- 
mestic product, productivity 
growth and the velocity of mon- 
ey- — have changed little since 
the target was seL Moreover, 
“they can say now with some 
confidence that die special fac- 
tors have begun to unwind,’' 
said Mr. Thurmann. . 

Germans regard the strength 
of the Deutsche mark, which 
has never been devalued, as 
proof that targeting money- 
supply growth is a better check 
on inflation than the short-term 
indicators employed by some 
other central banks. 

■ Gennan Prices Destine 

The Gennan Retail Associa- 
tion said Wednesday that retail 
prices from January through 
June fell to their lowest level m 
five years, Knigbt-Ridder re- 
ported from Frankfort. 

Separately, the Gennan sta- 
tistical office in Wiesbaden said 
industrial prices fell by 0.1 per- 
cent in June from the figure in 
May and showed an increase of 
0.4 percent from June 1993. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


Gateway to U.S. Capital 

Firm Otters Europe an Alternative 


By Brandon Mitchener 

International Herald Tribune 

FI&NKFURT — Tony Kirk and Charles 
Rothsteia see themselves as rescuers on a 
mission to save a small industrial manufac- 
turer from financial starvation. 

Since October, the two men have been 
searching for a company in Germany, Swit- 
zerland or Austria that has lost confidence in 
conservative European investors and is will- 
ing to tiy its hick with an outsider. 

“We have cash, and we're looking for a 
mate," Mr. Rothstein said. “They want a 
gateway to the U. S. public market," 

What is unique about the company Mr. 
Kirk and Mr. Rothstein represent, European 
Gateway- Acquisition Corp., is that it has no 
interest in managing its partner and it is 
already publicly listed. A merger, stock swap, 
or other form of marriage would effectively 
tqki- its partner public in the United States 
. without the usual hassle of a stock offering. 

If the search succeeds, other European 
companies are likely to consider such a part- 
nership as an alternative to raising capital in 
Europe, deepening an inclination to look for 
funds far afield. 

“Our basic idea is that there's a shortage of 
equity capital in the Gennan market,” said Mr. 
Kirk, who is the company's president. “People 
are still putting (heir money in bonds." 

Indeed, compared with the United Slates 
or Britain, investors in Germany, Switzerland 
and Austria shun stocks. Only 6 percent of 
German households own stocks, compared 
with more than 20 percent in English-speak- 
ing countries, for example. 

The rules governing initial public offerings 
are also generally considered prohibitive for 
companies with less than 100 million Deutsche 
marks ($64 minion) in annual sales, which 
includes the overwhelming majority of compa- 
nies around. 

As a result, most German, Swiss and Austri- 
an companies seeking cash generally turn to 
the region’s powerful universal banks, which 
dominate the three countries' capital markets. 

On the other hand, evidence suggests that 
many small- and medium-sized companies 
would like to go public. 

“We’ve had very extensive conversations 
with about 35 companies in Germany, Aus- 
tria and Switzerland, and it’s quite dear that 
there’s an interest,’* Mr. Kirk said. 

Recognizing the need, Germany recently 
began approval of a draft law to facilitate 
initial public offerings by privately held com- 
panies with fewer than 500 employees. 

In the meantime, Mr. Kirk and Mr. Roth- 
stein enjoy a competitive advantage. 

“Our money is a little bit greener than every- 


one else V" said Mr. Rothstein. (he company’s 
treasurer. “We’re not just giving people money 
once; we're providing them ongoing access to 
the U. S. securities market, the biggest, most 
liquid, most risk-friendly in the world." 

European Gateway is a specified-purpose 
acquisition company, only six of which exist 
and only two of which have already found 
partners. Four of the six targeted U. S. com- 
panies; another is looking in Israel. All are 
listed on the electronic bulletin board of the 
National Association of Securities Dealers 
and can quickly graduate u> a listing on Nas- 
daq, Lhe over-the-counter market. It was 
quoted at $4375 on Tuesday ana had not 
traded again by late Wednesday afternoon. 

All six are underwritten by GKN Securi- 
ties, a New York investment firm that pio- 
neered the concept 

Some analysts dismiss these vehicles as 
high-risk investments akin to blind pools be- 
cause investors face many uncertainties. 

Their advocates, oh the other hand, say 
specified-purpose acquisition companies pro- 
tea investors in several ways that blind pools 
do not. Ninety percent of the proceeds raised 
in the initial public offering. $93 million, are 
invaded in U. S. government bonds until the 
company finds a partner, for example, and the 
fair market value of the target must be greater 
than 80 percent of European Gateway's net 
assets. 

The risk that an initial public offering will 
flop is also excluded because it is already 
done. Moreover, shareholders representing 
just 20 percent or the company's common 
stock can veto any partnership. 

European Gateway has 12 months to find a 
partner before it is required to dissolve or 
seek a six-month extension. 

Mr. Kirk described the ideal partner as an 
established, medium-sized German company 
with activities in the United States, a high- 
tech manufacturer jilted by overly cautious 
Gennan investors or the local subsidiary of a 
U, S. company with somewhere between 150 
and 1,500 employees. 

East Gennan companies are excluded from 
consideration on the grounds that their track 
records are too short to judge. 

Gennan banks, which traditionally have 
provided most of the funds available to medi- 
um-sized companies, are suspicious of the 
new competition. 

Gerhard Koning. a vice president for cor- 
porate finance at Commerzbank AG, said 
Germany “hadn't missed” specified-purpose 
acquisition companies in the past. “The prob- 
lem isn't capital. It's the issuers,” he said, 
noting a traditional antipathy toward disclos- 
ing corporate data. 


Pag 0 


Bonn’s Loss 
Laid to U.S. 
And France 


Compiled hy Our Staff From Dupauha 

BONN — Economics Minis- 
ter G Outer Rexrodt on Wednes- 
day blamed lack of support from 
France and the United States for 
Germany's failure to he chosen 
as the headquarters for the 
World Trade Organization. 

Mr. Rexrodt said he regretted 
that a majority of the 123 coun- 
tries in the General Agreement 
on Tariffs and Trade, which will 
be superseded by the WTO, had 
indicated they favored Geneva 
as a headquarters site over Bonn. 

The choice of a site is not 
expected to be announced until 
Fnday. but officials at GATT 
headquarters said late Tuesday 
that a committee studying the 
issue would recommend that the 
organization remain in Geneva. 

^What was ultimately deci- 
sive,” he said, “was probably 
not only the decision of the 
largest trading power, the Unit- 
ed States, in favor of Geneva, 
but also the fact that, because of 
France's linguistic connections 
with Geneva, it was not possi- 
ble to achieve unanimous sup- 
port for Bonn from the Europe- 
an Union." 

The competition between the 
two cities Tor the headquarters 
designation has been billed as a 
“David and Goliath" battle in 
the Swiss media, with Swiss of- 
ficials accusing Germany of us- 
ing its big-power muscle to pro- 
mote Bonn. 

Germany had offered to 
make available buildings in 
Bonn, which is due to lose its 
status as Germany’s capital 
when the government and Par- 
liament move to Berlin by the 
end of the decade. 

Geneva, which is the site of 
the European headquarters of 
the United Nations and many 
other international organiza- 
tions, has been the headquar- 
ters of GATT since it was 
founded in 1948. and many dip- 
lomats and trade officials al- 
ready based there are thought 
to be reluctant to move. 

Mr. Rexrodt said Germany 
would continue to push for oth- 
er international organizations 
to be based in Bonn. 

(Reuters. AFP) 


Frankfurt 

DAX 



Lomton 

FTSE-100 Index: 


;; 33® 



’^'fu a Mia 
■■ IMS 1 

Exchange ■ hide 


*f isrir'isi j j 


EUROPE 


CAC -40 v 5- ^ ; .. 

. '.23® v ~ 

Ttyr ****?■ ' 

1393- i- . a 


Amsterdam 

Brussels 

FranRfuri 

Frankfurt 

H elsinki . .. 

London 

London 

Madrid 

Mftan 

Paris 

Stockholm 
Manna 
Zurich . 

Sources. - Reuters. 


AEX 

Stock Index 
DAX 
FAZ 
HEX 

Fmand&l Times: 
FTSE 100 
Genera! Index 
MIB 

CAP 40 
Affaarsvaeriden 
Stock index 
SBS 
AFP 


397.80 
'7*475:79 

2.13165 

804.24 

1.81736 
2,393.70 
3,077.20 
305.40 
1,157.00 
^2 ,043.72 
1 £84.85 
454.54 

912.81 


Close Change 
399.12 ■' -OM ' * 

• 7,416.79 4fldjfh " 
2.12&79 - 
. 800.52 . +0.46' s 


1,138.00 +1.67 
~Z,05Z33 -&42 

1.B75J25 -foi.1 
455,18 -0.14 

900.21 +1.40. 

InienD'Mttl ll-rnH Trihon.' 


Very briefly: 

• Philips Electronics NV’s German unit. Philips Kommunications 

Industrie AG, will supply hose stations for AT&T Corp.'s global 
communications networks * 

■ Sweden has sold 7.5 million shares of Pharmacia AB, on top oi‘ 
the 72 million shares of the pharmaceuticals company the govern- 
ment sold in June. 

• Scandinavian Airlines System has agreed to become a part-owner 
of Latvian Air: financial details were not disclosed. 

• Pechiney SA, the French-stale-controlled aluminum and packag-. 

mg company, has delayed the appointment of a new chairman for .fl 
least a week. *■ 

• Sanofi SA’s first-half sales rose 16 percent, to 12.30 hillion French 
francs ($2 billion), but most of the rise came from acquisitions. _ 

IP. AFP. fteuu.'J 

France to Follow Deficit Cap >. 


Compiled bv Our Staff From lupaichet 

PARIS — The French budget 
minister, Nicolas Sarkozy, said 
Wednesday the 1995 budget bill 
which be mil present in Septem- 
ber, would contain a forecast 
deficit of 275 billion francs. 

The French government has 
said repeatedly that it planned 
to reduce the deficit for next 
year to 275 billion francs (S51.7 
billion) from a forecast 301 bil- 
lion francs this year. Last year s 
deficit was 315 billion francs. 


As the government put the. 
final touches on the budget^ 
Prime Minister Edouard Balia ? 
dur said Wednesday it was esr' 
sential to reduce the deficit angt 
state debt to prevent a rise in! 
interest rates that could under " 

mine economic recovery. 

“The framework fixed by tlu. 
prime minister is clear. The del-* 
icit will be 275 billion francs," • 
Mr. Sarkozy said. “We mustn't 
forget that public expenditures 
are funded by the taxpayer.” 

(Reuters. AP). 


NASDAQ 

Wnlniiday'a 4 pjmu 

This list contpited by tfta AP, cohatetS oflhv 1 .000 
most traded securities in terms of dour value. U Is 
. updated twice a year. 


IJMomti Sb I l»Monai Sfc I 13 Month Sb I OMonih 5 k 

HSfift Lour Slock CTv Yld PE MBS HUpi UmUUalOi'oe HtehLorr Stock Etv YMPE «k Hfah Lowl.oKsfCh'iw I MehUav S*xrk U» YW PE MBs LowLOMHOfor I tWIlWSfcek ttv YJd P6 JOfc, 


I I! Month 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21. 1994 


Page 15 


■' !; i f'L 


?! ii- 


r. 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


China Puts a Competitor 
Into Its Phone Industry 


Our Staff Pram Ptspatcke i 

BELTING — - China has set 
up a second telecommunica- 
tions network, forcing competi- 
tion onto the state’s telephone 
monopoly in an ambitious ef- 
fort to modernize its communi- 
cations system. 

China United Telecomm uni’ 
cations Corp_ nicknamed Uni- 
com in English and Li an tong in 
Chinese, is backed by the minis- 
tries of power industry, elec- 
tronics industry and railways, 
the People’s Daily and other 
state media said on Wednesday. 

The company, with inirfa i 
capital of 1 billion yuan ($1 16 
million), was officially inaugu- 
rated in -Beijing on Tuesday at a 
ceremony attended by Deputy 
Prime Minister Zou Jiahua. 

Its arrival signals the end of a 
two-year struggle to end the 
Ministry of Posts and Telecom- 
munications’ lucrative monop- 
oly on phone service. 

“Hie MPT has lost the battle 
to keep the telecom market to 
itself.” said Andrew Hall re- 
search director at Morgan 
Grenfell (Asia). 

Because Beijing realizes it 
cannot fund ambitious expao.- 
'3 sion plans on its own, Mr. Hall 
and many other analysts say, 


the logical next step will be to 
end a ban on foreign equity 
investment in the telecommuni- 
cations services sector. 

“Competition between China 
Unicom and the MPT will pro- 
mote development of the indus- 
try,” the China Daily quoted 
Mr. Zou as saying. “It is also 
designed to pool more capital 
from various channels to sup- 
port the sector." 

Mr. Zou said at the inaugural 
ceremony that China Unicom 
would be allowed to attract for- 
eign investment but that Chi- 
na’s telecom services market re- 
mained dosed. 

pie Posts and Telecomnnmi- 
cations Ministry’s statistical re- 
port, also published in China 
Daily, said China was seeking 
$7 billion in foreign investment 
to expand telephone capacity to 
100 million lines by the end of 
the century. In the first six 
months of 1994, it said, capaci- 
ty rose to 48.1 million lines 
from 42 million. 

For all of China’s investment, 
however, by 2000 it will still have 
only eight telephones for every 
100 people, compared with just 
under two per 100 now. 

Unicom will be kept on a 
short leash to begin with. Offi- 


cials of the ministry, which reg- 
ulates the market, have repeat- 
edly said that Unicom would 
only be allowed to supplement 
the .ministry's public network, 
not compete with it 

But apparently, nobody has 
told Unicom that 
“Now, we are so small that we 
do not pose any threat” Ding 
Weidong, chief of international 
cooperation at Unicorn, said. 
“But we already can cover all 
basic telecom services, and in 
future we wQl be a competitor.” 

The company’s marching or- 
ders indude renovating and us- 
ing the spare capacity of the 
more than 30 networks previ- 
ously dedicated to the railway 
and power ministries, the army 
and other official bodies to of- 
fer long-distance phone services 
to the general public, and to 
ofTer load telephone service in 
urban areas not well covered by 
the current system. 

Those ambitious plans are 
where foreign investment 
comes in. . 

“We will definitely use what- 
ever forms of foreign invest- 
ment are allowed by state poli- 
cy,” Mr. Ding said. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters, AFX) 


A Hush for Hong Kong’s Boom 


Reuters 

HONG KONG — Official efforts to cool 
Hong Kong’s torrid real estate market are likely 
to shave about 20 percent off prices at a govern- 
ment land auction next week, property analysis 
said on Wednesday. 

The auction of two residential lots in the outer 
area of Tai Po on Tuesday will be the first since 
the government unveiled its price-dampening 
measures for the residential sector last month. 

The trend towards rising interest rates and 
expectations that the government might turn its 
attention to the commercial market also was 
weakening sentiment. 

An analyst at Asia Equity noted that Sino Land 
Co. paid 4300 Hong Kong dollar 


id 4300 Hong Kong dollars a square foot 
re meter) for a similar site in March, 
comparison: The average land price 


lay drop to about 3,000 dollars per square foot. 
Proper 




and made 

mar. 

_ :’rty prices have fallen by up to 15 percent 
since the government first promised to lake ac- 
tion on residential prices, which are out of reach 
of the average buyer. 

Uncertainties remain concerning a second 
batch of real estate measures so the developers 
will hold back, said Winnie Tang, of Mees Pier- 
son Securities. There is a rising-imeTest-rale en- 


vironment and, in November, an area similar to 
one of the Tai Po sites will be auctioned. 

The first of the two lots in Tai Po, a satellite 
residential and industrial center, covers 23,800 
square meters (6 acres) and is for private residen- 
tial use. The other lot, covering 2.114 square 
meters, is zoned nonindustriai. 

Ms. Tang estimated the larger site would fetch 
around 630 million dollars, or 3,400 dollars per 
square foot, and would be developed into low- 
rise resort-style homes. 

' The other site was forecast to bring around 330 
million dollars, about 2J150 dollars per square 
foot, and would be developed into a high-rise 
residential building, she said. 

Analysts said they expected small to medium- 
sized developers to bid because such companies 
do not have large reserves of undeveloped land. 
“It’s not so easy for them to form a consortium 
because a lot of the second-liner developers will 
have to replenish their land banks," said the 
analyst from Asia Equity. 

Analysts do not expect a repeat of events at an 
auction last month, when developers banded 
together and bid only half the expected price, or 
2.04 billion dollars, for a 20.780 square meter site 
zoned nonindustriai. 


Indian Airlines 
Fails to Improve 
With Competition 


Bloomberg Business Ncttr 

NEW DELHI — It was 
supposed to be a 6:30 A.M. 
flight from New Delhi to 
Lucknow, but each half- 
hour the loudspeaker at In- 
dira Gandhi Airport an- 
nounced another delay. 

Finally, in the early after- 
noon, passengers were al- 
lowed to board. They sat for 
an hour in an airless plane 
on the steaming tarmac be- 
fore giving up and getting 
off. A brawl nearly broke 
out between employees and 
passengers. 

As if that were not 
enough, those who simply 
wanted to go home could 
not collect their baggage: 
The cargo door was broken. 

This is Indian Airlines 
five months after its owner, 
the government, took away 
its 40-year-old monopoly on 
domestic air travel. 

The government had 
hoped a little competition 
would whip Indian Airlines 
— which bad a loss of $96 
millioQ last year and will 
probably have a $100 million 
deficit this year — into shape. 

But so far, competition 
seems only to have made it 
even worse. 

Despite the presence of 
five fresh upstarts in the 
market, Indian Airlines is 
still known mostly for over- 
booking, long delays, rude 
employees, bad manage- 
ment, pushy unions and an 
abominable safety record. 

All in all, Indian Airlines 
is “a very demoralized orga- 
nization," in the words of its 
own managing director, 
P. C. Sen, a former civil ser- 
vant who became the head 
of the airline just this year. 

Its first competitor. East 
West Airlines, started flying 
in December 1992, taking 
advantage of a monthlong 
strike that virtually ground- 
ed Indian Airlines. 

Like the others that fol- 
lowed, East West was barred 
by Indian Airtines’s monop- 
oly from publishing a sched- 
ule and flying regular routes, 
so it began as a sort of limit- 


ed, ad hoc air-taxi service. 

So far, the upstarts have 
grabbed 44 percent of the 
market on 12 major routes 
— amounting to 25 percent 
of the 10 million passengers 
who fly annually in India. 

Fares are still set by gov- 
ernment regulators, so the 
new carriers have been com- 
peting in terms of services 
and gimmicks. East West 
Airlines — now the largest 
competitor, with 10 planes — 
several months ago staged a 
fashion show during a flighL 

Last month, it had a pre- 
sentation of “Love Letters" 

So far, the new 
environment 
seems to have 
led to a 

deterioration of 
its service. 

by the American playwright 
A.R. Gurney on some of its 
flights. 

Safety, however, remains 
a big problem for both large 
and s mall carriers. The In- 
ternational Airline Passen- 
gers Association, based in 
Dallas, calls India one of the 
two most dangerous coun- 
tries in the world to fly in. 
along with Colombia. 

The competition- is going 
to get even tougher. As 
many as 20 new airlines are 
vying to enter the market, 
including a joint venture of 
Singapore Airlines and the 
Tata family of Indian indus- 
trialists. 

Aviation officials insist 
there isn’t room for them all 
U. K. Bose, chief controller 
for another new carrier, Sa- 
hara India Airlines, said 
“There’s only room for 
about four or five.” 

Will Indian Airlines be 

one of them? 

A travel agent, Virendra 
AswaL said, “They've got all 
the facilities to be a great 
airline — if they can just 
improve service.” 


Japanese 
To Bypass 
Beijing on 
Steel Deals 


CampM hy Our Staff Fran Ditpacha 

TOKYO — Japanese steel- 
makers plan to bypass a Chi- 
nese govern me Dt agency and 
export 5,000 metric tons of steel 
directly to two Chinese compa- 
nies next month. Kawasaki 
Steel Corp. said Wednesday. 

The sled-shipping plan fol- 
lowed the collapse of talks be- 
tween Japan and China, which 
snagged ou prices and export 
levels. 

Kawasaki said the exports to 
China would invoh c hot-rolled 
steel plate produced by six 
blast-furnace operators. Prices 
would be about S20 a ton higher 
than in the first half or 1994. 

Meanwhile. Malaysia has 
made public a list of complaints 
against Japan's Lnade policies. 

Malaysia's International 
Trade and Industry Ministry 
said Japan should improve mar- 
ket access “rather than highlight 
what Japan considers as Malay- 
sia's unfair trade policies.” 

Prime Minister Mahathir bin 
Mohamad, who returned last 
week from an official visit to 
France during which a Malay- 
sian car company signed a deal 
to make and market Cilroens. 
said Malaysia would seek tech- 
nology and promote trade with 
others. Mitsubishi Motors Corp. 
or Japan currently is a partner in 
manufacturing Malaysia's na- 
tional car. the" Proton. 

In other Japanese trade news. 
Tokyo said it reserved the right 
to rail off talks on public pro- 
curement if Washington moved 
toward sanctions. 

Last month (he United States 
gave Japan until July 31 to 
avoid sanctions proceedings 
and open up public contracts in 
the fields of telecommunica- 
tions and medical technology. 
“We reserve the right to call off 
talks under the economic 
framework pact” if unilateral 
measures are taken, a Japanese 
government official said. 

U.S. officials said this week 
that not enough progress had 
been made in the dispute. If the 
United Stales declares Japanese 
procurement procedures dis- 
criminatory, the two sides have 
60 days in which to negotiate. 

(Reuters. AFX I 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kang . 

- Hang Seng 

lam-™— - 
iawf 1 - ***’ ■ 
hood 


Singapore • ^ 

Strait? Times' . ; 




2100 .-:'-; 


1994 .. .1994.,.: ■ ■ . V- 


Exchange . 

Index . .. . ! ;i . 

; Wednesday 

Close ofee * CWwge 

Hong Kohg 

Hang Seng " 


Singapore 

• Shifts Times " 


Sydney 

Ait Ordinaries ' : 

: 2,078,60 .2X177.40 

Yokyo 

Nikkei 228 

20,70060 ^0,775^0 

; Kuala Lumpur Composite 

L009.72 S9O20 

Bangkok 

SET • • 

1,3683? ; .+.1,09 

Seoul 

Composite stock 

B36J67 ■ ,.939.05^^^0^5- 

Taipei 

Weighted Price 

6,474.30 .B£g&39 -'4.89 

Manila 

PSE 

.2,663.46 . 2JB69&T. ' -O- 25 

Jakarta 

Stock Index •. 

46254 \ :460.63 • • :+a41 

New Zealand 

NZSE^p---- 

255*34 2.0277 . \ r >154. 

Bombay 

National index 

1,94858 t^4R3t'. 1 +0,14- 

Sourtes Haulers. AFP 

lnlnnabiui.il Urratl Trihnnr 

Very briefly; 


• Hyundai Heavy Industries Co„ threatened with a strike, shut 
down the world's largest shipyard, in Ulsan, South Korea. After 
21,ti00 union members of the company’s union planned to walk 
out Thursday over stalled negotiations, an executive said a shut- 
down was necessary “as a step toward saving the company.” 

■ Bank Negara said its deputy governor. Lin See Van, 55. would 
leave the Malaysian central bank next week and return to the 
private sector, lie is to be succeeded by Khong Kim Nyoon, 50. 

• Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturers Co~, an associate of Phil- 
ips Electronics NV, announced an initial public offering of 40.6 
million shares to raise 3.5 billion Taiwan dollars ($132 million). 

• Alcan Aluminium Ltd. of Canada said it had disposed of its 73.3 
percent stake in Alcan Australia LtiL, just after the Australian uni 1 , 
announced it had relumed to profit in the first half of 1994. 

m Guy Laroche, the French couture house, has the sole right to use 
its name as a trademark, a court in Indonesia ruled, canceling a 
registration of the brand by a local businesswoman, ap. afx. afp 


Philippines Reschedules Debt 


A^ence Fruarc- Prase 

MANILA — Philippine ne- 
gotiators have succeeded in re- 
scheduling about $500 million 
worth of maturing debus owed 
to the so-called Paris Club of 
Western creditor countries, 
government officials said 
Wednesday. 

The agreement rescheduled 
all of the principal and almost 
all interest falling due from Au- 
gust 1994 to the end of 1995 and 


includes provisions for various 
types of debt swaps. 

The rescheduling paves the 
way for Manila to seek about $2 
biiuon in fresh foreign aid com- 
mitments. 

Roberto De Ocampo, the fi- 
nance secretary of the Philip- 
pines, said that despite economic 
progress in recent months, the 
country needed the rescheduling 
to close a projected foreign ex- 
change shortfall of about $500 
million over the next, two years. 


NYSE 

Wftdnftsday’n Ctostats 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wafl Street and do not reflect 
tale trades elsewhere. Wa The Associated Press 

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DIGITAL: A Shift in Management Strategy to Keep Pace, With Industry 


■ Cootmued from Page 11 
president or the newly formed 
computer systems division, 
which encompasses 90 percent 
of DigjiaTs business. “This is a 
total redesign of the core busi- 
ness of Digital.” 

It was Mr. Pesatori who 
helped Digital play cateb-up in 
the personal computer business, 
turning the company into one of 
the fastest-growing suppliers of 
desktop ■ machines in just two 
years. He did that by operating 
outside of the matrix. structure 
and overseeing his own engi- 
neering. manufacturing, sales 
and marketing. 

As practiced at Digital, ma- 
trix management was charac- 
terized by strong functional 
groups like engineering, sales, 
marketing and manufacturing. 
Constellations of these groups 
would form around the busi- 
ness units whose job it was to 
design and develop products — 
often in competition with one 
another. 

When Mr. Olsen started the 
matrix system in 1964, the sev- 
en-year-old Digital was an $1! 
million adolescent. He was 
looking Tor a way to keep up 
with the rapid growth that 
would turn the company, based 
in Maynard, Massachusetts, 


into the international power 
that had $14 billion in sales and 
1 30.000 employees ai its. peak in 
1989. 

For years, the pace of change 
in the industry was slow enough 
to allow for Mr. Olsen's matrix 
bureaucracy. Digital was able 
to turn out innovative products, 
like the PDP minicomputer in 
the 1960s. and its successor, the 
VAX, which reigned through- 
out the 1980s and still provides 
the bulk or Digital's declining 
sales. 

But by the time Mr. Palmer 
arrived in 1985 to head Digital's 
semiconductor operations, ma- 
trix was already a management 
style out of step with the indus- 
try. Mr. Palmer spent his first 
severul months at the company 
inadvertently offending other 
Digital managers. 

“It never occurred to me to 
check with a manufacturing 
person in the Scotland plant 
about a decision 1 was making." 
he said. But Mr. Palmer sur- 
vived his tenuous start and 
eventually mastered Digital's 
disconcerting culture enough to 
end up as Mr. Olsen’s successor 
as president and chief executive 
when Mr. Olsen was forced out 
two years ago by Digital's 
board. 


Now, having labored unsuc- 
cessfully since then to return 
ihe company to profitability. 
Mr. Palmer has decided to 
abandon the malrix system. 

Some analysts have criticized 
Mr. Palmer for taking too long 
to kill malrix. Others wonder 
whether, with matrix manage- 
ment so deeply ingrained in 
Digital’s culture, the changes 
can be made quickly enough to 
revive the $13 billion company. 

“I don't know why he didn’t 
do this two years ago.” said 
George Colony, president or 
Forrester Research in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

In any case. Mr. Colony and 
many other analysts agree that 
Mr. Palmer now sits in a very 
hot seal, with the Digital board 
nearing the limit of its patience. 
It will be crucial, they say. for 
Mr. Palmer to make good on bis 
slated hope that the company 
can become profitable by the 
year's end. 

Mr. Palmer said matrix man- 
agement was the reason Digi- 
taJ's cos is exceeded those of its 
competitors. 

“Each engineering group re- 
quired someone to work with 
manufacturing, deciding where 
it will be built, how it will be 
built, negotiating with the 


plants,” he said. “There's an 
enormous amount of internal 
decision making, and at the end 
of the day, customers won’t pay 
for that/’ 

Terry Shannon, an analyst 
with liluniinata, a consulting 
firm in Hollis, New Hampshire, 
said the matrix legacy had hurt 
Digital in the technology on 
which the company intended 10 
build its future: the Alpha AXP 
chip, based on the RISC ap- 
proach. 

Mr. Shannon lauded Digi- 
tal’s engineering efforts on Al- 
pha AXP technology, which 
since late 1992 has made its way 
into a broad range of high- 
powered personal computers, 
workstations and so-called 
server computers, which are at 
the centers of networks. 

But because matrix manage- 
ment has parceled responsibil- 
ity for Alpha out among various 
product groups, there has been 
too much infighting and 
“they’ve never really had a 
clear, coherent Alpha market- 
ing strategy.’’ Mr. Shannon 
said. 

All that is supposed to 
change, if Mr. Pesatori can car- 
ry out Mr. Palmer’s no-matrix 
mandate. 


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Wednesday's Closing 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
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Mate trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Pnx 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


SPORTS 


Belle’s Bat and 5 Homers 
Sink die Rangers, 12-3 


Tf* Associated Pres* 

Cork or no cork, Albert Belle 

can stffl hit 

1' Belle, facing a 10-day suspen- 
se for using a corked bat, bo- 
mered and tripled Tuesday ni gh t- 
as the Indians beat the Texas 
Rangers, 12-3, in Cleveland. 

' Paid Sorrento bit two home 
has and drove in a career-hi gh 
five runs, and Jim Thome and 

AL ROUNDUP 

Wayne Kirby also added a 
home run each for Cleveland, 
which improved to 25-5 in its 
last 30 games at home. 

“It’s nice to see Albert hit the 
ball bard,” said Mike Hargrove, 
Cleveland’s manager. “Albert's 
pretty strong mentally. When 
be gets to the ballpark, be fo- 


be gets to the ballpark, he fo- 
cuses on what he has to do. He 
is really able to have tunnel vi- 
sion and not have outside 
things bother him.” 

That's especially important 
these days because of the 
corked bat controversy that be- 
gan last weekend in Chicago. 
Belle was suspended Mooday, 
bat he is appealing and can 
keep playing pending a hearing, 
which is set for July 29. 

“1 think it bothered Albert, 
but I think he's been able to get 
through that," Hargrove said. 

1 Charles Nagy allowed seven 
hits, walked one and struck out 


six Rangers in eight innings be- 
fore leaving when a ball hit his 
left knee. 

Belle's fifth- innin g homer, 
his 27 th, was his first homer and 
only his fourth hit in 19 at-bats 
since his bat was seized Friday. 

Hue Jays 4, Twins 2s Paul 
Molitor tripled in the go-ahead 
run in the eighth as the Blue 
Jays handed Minnesota its 
ninth straight loss on the road.' 

Roberto Alomar reached base 
on a one-out walk and scored on 
MoUtor's angle to lead Toronto 
to its third straight victory. Joe 
Carter followed with a run-scor- 
ing single. His two RBIs tied him 
with Kirby Puckett of Minneso- 
ta for the AL lead with 87. 

Kevin Tapani gave up four 
runs on five hits over 7 Vs in- 
nings as the Twins lost for the 
I3tntime in 16 games. 

White Sox 10, Tigers 5: In 
Chicago, Julio Franco went 4- 
for-5 and drove in three runs, 
and Alex Fernandez struck out 
11 in seven innings for the 
White Sox, who won for the 
21st time in 26 games and col- 
lected 17 hits. 

Lance Johnson bad three hits 
and Tim Raines scored three 
runs and drove in two. 

Brewers 4, Royals 3: Jeff Cir- 
ilio hit his second major-league 
homer in the 12th inning and 
scored the winning run on Ke- 
vin Seitzers bases-loaded single 


in the 14th for Milwaukee, play- 
ing at home. 

C-iriQo was hit by a pitch 
from Hipolito Pichardo leading 
off the 14th, advanced on a wild 
pitch and sacrifice and scored 
as Seitzer bounced a single up 
the middle off second baseman 
Jose LizuFs glove. 

Angels 6, Red Sox 4: In Ana- 
heim. California, Marie Lang- 
ston outpitched Roger Clemens 
for the first time in his career 
and Chad Curtis drove in three 
runs for California. 

Curtis and Chili Davis each 
hit two-run homers to power the 
Angels to their fourth straight 
victory over the Red Sox after 
losing their first seven meetings 
with Boston this season. 

Langston allowed three runs 
and four hits over seven in- 
nings. Clemens allowed five 
runs and seven hits over 6% 
innings struck out eight and 
walked five. 

Athletics 6, Yankees 2z In 
Oakland, California, Mark 
McGwire’s three-run homer in 
the fifth helped end New York's 
five-game winning streak. 

The Athletics, who had 
dropped four of their previous 
five games, soored four in the 
fifth off Jim Abbott, who has 
won only once since May 25. 

The Yankees outhit the A's 
13-8 but stranded 13 runners. 



AGreotBat Caper 
Full of Surprises 

By Tliomas Boswell 

.- WasMngtanPoslScrwx . 

TITASHINGTON — Ws- surprising, but 





nShpa/Agraoc hsaw-nwt 

The Mets’ Jose Vizcano leaping over the Dodgers' Tim WaBach to ton a doable play/ 


Labor Dispute Dooms 
Baseball Japan Tours 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Two trips to Japan are among the first 
casualties of baseball's labor struggles. 

The players' union chief, Donald Fehr. and the executive 
council chairman. Bud Selig, said Tuesday that a postseason 
All-Star tour of Japan and the Seattle Mariners’ plan to open 
the 1995 season there both were off because of the lengthy 
labor negotiations. 

Major-league baseball has sent teams and All-Star teams to 
tour Japan 30 times since 1908 and every other year since 1984. 

The Mariners, whose majority owner is Hiroshi Yamauchi, 
president of Nintendo Co ? had hoped to open the 1995 season 
in Japan against the Detroit Tigers in what would have been the 
first major-league regular season game outside North America. 
The presence of Cecil Fielder, a former star in Japan, would 
have made the Tigers as big an attraction as the Mariners. 

Instead, Seattle will open the season at Toronto. 

Dentsu Inc. was set to sponsor the postseason tour of 
Japan, but its deadline passed June 13. Last winter, lawyers 
for both the union and management said a tentative agree- 
ment had been readied. But the deal came apart as tension 
mounted in the labor talks. 

“We’ve got to solve our problems and move forward." Selig 
said. ‘Then things like the postseason tour and next year 
wouldn't be on hold or less than hold." 

John Ellis, the Mariners’ chief executive officer, said last 
month he still was hopeful that an agreement could be 
reached. But a team spokesman, Dave Aust, said Tuesday 
that the club now realized it would not happen. 

Representatives of players and owners were to meet again 
on Wednesday in New York, but Fehr said he did not expect 
any major developments. The next major development in the 
talks is expected to occur next week when the executive board 
of the Major League Baseball Players Association meets. 


Phillies Cut Short Giants’ Streak at 9 

PhUodephia Rallies to Victory Behind Jackson’s One-Hitter 


either in 
a strike i 


person 

date. 


or by telephone, and considers whether to set 


The Associated Press 

Barry Bonds bad just singled home a run 
and Matt Williams and Darryl Strawberry 
were due up after him, as the San Francis- 
co Giants went ahead, 2-0, in the first 
inning and looked ready to rolL 

That's when Danny Jackson and the 
Philadelphia Phillies, playing at home, got 
in the way. 

Jackson allowed only one hit after the 
opening shots and pitched the Phillies to a 
5-2 victory Tuesday night that ended the 
Giants' nine-game winning streak. 

The Giants had been 9-0 since Strawber- 
ry joined them. But a day after be left the 
game early because of a sore left ham- 
string, he went O-for-4 with two strikeouts. 

“We were bound to lose one game." said 
Dusty Baker, the Giants’ manager. "We’ll 
just have to start another one tomorrow." 

Strawberry was not scheduled to start 
Wednesday's game in Philadelphia so he 
could rest. Baker said. 

Jackson gave up four hits in eight in- 
nings. striking out five and walking three. 
Doug Jones worked the ninth for his 24th 
save. 

The Giants pul Jackson in trouble 
quickly as Darren Lewis led off the game 
with a triple, Steve Scarsone doubled and 
Bonds singled. Bonds has 10 RBIs in his 
last six games. 

The ratifies started the sixth inning with 
three straight singles, chasing Bud Blade. 
Dave Burba relieved and Pete Incavigba 
hit his 13th home nm, and his second 
three-run homer in two days. 

“It’s a game of adjustments,” Incaviglia 
said. “I haven't been doing as well as I’m 


capable of doing. I was swinging at a lot of 

f itches I should have been taking. Now 
m not going to be chasing balls out of the 
zone." 

Cardinals 10, Astros 0: SL Louis halted a 
five-game losing streak as Vicente Palacios 
pitched a one-hitter, retiring the final 21 
batters after Andujar Cedeno’s leadoff sin- 

NL ROUNDUP 

gle in the third in Houston. Palacios, pitch- 
ing on his 31st birthday, struck out eight 
and walked one for his second career shut- 
out He got the first one in 1991 for Pitts- 
burgh. 

Mark Whiten homered and doubled 
drove in three runs and scored three. 

Mets 7, Dodgers 4: In New York, Ryan 
Thompson grounded a three-run double, 
capping a five-run rally in the eighth in- 
ning that led the Mets over Los Angeles, as 
relievers Jim Gott Omar Daal and Roger 
McDowell failed to hold a 4-2 lead. Hie 
Dodgers’ bullpen has blown 19 of 36 save 
chances. 

Kevin McReynolds hit a two- run single 
that tied it at four in the eighth. He later 
slid home on a force-out to break up a 
possible double play, then Thompson fol- 
lowed with his hit down the third-base line. 

Pirates 13, Braves 10: In Pittsburgh, Jav 
Bell hit a three-run double in the seventh 
and the Pirates got by Atlanta, blowing a 
five-run lead, then rallying to beat the 
Braves for the eighth time in 1 1 games this 
year. Three errors by Atlanta fueled the 
comeback. 

Lance Parrish homered and Midre 


Cummings went 3-for-5 with two doubles 
for the Pirates. Rookie Jose Oliva fait his 
10th homer for the Braves. 

Dan Miceti pitched two hitless inning* 
for his first victory in the majors. 

Reds 13, Marios 5: Eddie Taubensee hit 
a two-run single that highlighted Cincin- 
nati’s six-run first inning at home, and 
Florida lost its fifth in a row. 

The first six Cincinnati batters scored. 
Taubensee broke an O-for-15 slump with 
"his bases-loaded angle. 

Jacob Brumfield and Hal Morris later 
homered for the Reds. Gary Sheffield hit 
his 20th homer for the Marinis. 

Expos 4, Padres 3; Montreal improved 
to 11-0 this season against visiting San 
Diego, taking advantage of four e r rors. 

- - Shortstop Luis Lopez made a throwing 
error that set up two unearned runs, and a 
wild throw by first baseman Eddie Wi- 
liams enabled another run to score. The 
Padres lead the majors with 90 errors. 

Pedro Martinez wan for tbe first time in 
six starts, and John Wettdand got his 15th 
save in 23 tries. 

Andy Ashby got little support as San 
Diego dropped to 2-21 against the Expos 
since the start of last season. 

Cubs 6, Rockies 1: Chicago rookie Steve 
Trachsd improved to 8-0 on the road, 
winning for the second time this season in 
Colorado. 

Trachsd, who gave up five hits in c^ht 
imrings, left aftw >h#t wghf h mning hfwiiitf 
of a blister on fais right hand. 

Sammy Sosa had three hits and drove in 
two runs. He connected off David Nied for 
his 21st homer. 


retrieving the band of a broken bat from vou 

Albert, Albert, you gave ypMsclf away. Why^ wctc, you so 
.worried? Do Twins fans usually bring saws to games to hack up 

bate in search of docs? . ■ mtn 

Ifs amazing, but not flabbergasting, that someone broke into 

the limp’s dressing room Friday ■■ yi" 

— wiggling through a crawl y al ^age 
space; then coming down through B . . Kf 

thecefling — to steal the Bdle bat . p ° in *_ 
and replace it with an innocent ~ 
model After all, not all ballplayers are smart enough to under- 
stand the taws of the land and those who are sometones break 

them anyway. , 

Ifs flabbergasting, but not dumbfounding that, on Sunday, the 
Indians’ general manager, John Hart, said the thief was obvious- 
ly someone internally with the Indians." What? A near confes- 
sion? Pass the smriltng salts. _ ' . 

Then Hart gave the Bdle bat bade to the umpires. Gave back 
the Belle bat? Yeah, sure. Every general manager gives up i evi- 
dence so has superstar -can be suspended in the middle of the 
franchise’s first pennant race in 40 years. Every general m an a ger 
nm* th^ iisk of Unenatmg his biggest Star just 10 do the Tight thing. 

rw Af aW m the Albert Belle Capet; only one, 

aspect is dazzling}?, almost awe-inspiringly incredible: On Mon- 
day, the American League announced that the bat Hart gave back 
to the umps was corked! Belle has been suspended for 10 days. 

Don’t hold me to this, but, for the moment, it appears that 
someone in a position of authority in America — granted, we re 
only firing about the Cleveland Indians — has done so m et hi ng 
that, for want of a better word, wright be described as honest. 

If Td been a bookmaker handKng the odds on “Will Albert’s bat 
come up dean or. dirty?" rd.be living in an empty barrel now. • 
Fortunately for our collective equilibrium, Belle has done the 
thr wongMy m o de r n thing - He’s denying everything —through his 
agent, of course, since he rardy talks to the press — and he will 
appeal the suspension. Does anybody in' this society ever just take 
his medicine? 

Unfortunately for luckless Albert, he will have to appeal to the 
g»nn» person who suspended him — the American League presi- 
dent, Bobby Brown. Ibis is- the fourth straight year Brown has 
suspended Belle — ■ twice for charging themound and once for 
hitting a fan in the chest with a thrown ball. . . 

In a sense, whatfs oddest aboot this episode is that the White 
. Sax ever dared to set it in motion by formally asking the crew 
chief, Dave PitiHips, to grab Belle’s bat- Normally, a gentleman's 


agreement protects bortns, just as spitbaQers seldom expose each 
other. Nobody’s been suspended for codring a bat in seven years. 


Before that, nobody had been nailed since Graig NettlesVbal 
exploded and sentrubber super balls bouncing all over home plate 
in 1974. Even then, Nettles’s homer earfierin that game created a 
. 1-0 victory. That’s justice? 

Everybody, has cheaters. Or did. Or wflL So nobody acts too 
holy. For example, after he retired, Amos Otis bragged that he’d 
used a corked bat in every at-bat of his career. Eari weaver said he 
played for a team in the minors that had nothing botcorked bats. 

For generations, the rule of thumb has been: Leave the worry- 
ing to the umps —because they don’t care very much. A loaded 
bat once shattered at home plate, leaving evidence everywhere. As 
a runner rood home, the great arbiter Nestor Chylak simply 
lacked the aebris behind him. We wouldn’t want a runner to break 
his neck oi^n that cork, would we? 

Everybody knows that often the culprits and law enforcement 
arrive in ad-hoc form. The '60s Orioles, for example, loved to fcuag 
that, in caudal laio-inning situations, they’d yefl, “Chock his bat, 7 ’ 
when Norm Cash came to tire plate. Cash would spin around, 
walk back to die dufotit and switch bats. ■ " 

Sometimes, however, such gentlemen's agreements break down, 
especially in a sport so proud of haying so few gentlemen. On 
Fnday, with Cleveland and Chicago tied for first place, the White 
Sox broke the code. Maybe the Chisoxfeltsafe bccause they don’t 
have any scofflaws of their own. Or, perhaps, the Sox just don’t 
think the Indians know which oT their players cheat or how. 

Baseball has had some wonderftil, word capers, but The Adven- 
ture of the Missing B343 Bat might take the mystery writers’ Silver 
Dagger. Will we ever find out who crawled through the ceiling? Jade 
Morris has the gall, but probabtynot the agility. Omar Vizquel is the 
right size. If you sent Eddie Murray, you know he’d never telL 
Tactically, Derek Liffiquist and fais 8.10 ERA might be the right 
choice; if be got caught, you wouldn’t lose much. 

At least we know it 'couldn’t have been the Indians’ manag er, 
Mike Hargrove. If Hargrove, The Human Rain Delay, had done 
the job, be?d still be up therein the vents, adjusting his burglar’s 
gear and stnrigjhtemng bis Made mask 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 





















INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


Page 19 




s 


* AC Milan 
Is Drawn 
With Ajax 

Rewrj 

. GENEVA — - AC Milan and 
Bared on a. who dashed in .the 
Enropean Champions’ Cup fi- 
nal in May, landed in different 
groups on Wednesday what the 
draw was made for next sea- 
son’s soccer competition. 

Milan, which won the final in 
Athens, 4-0, for its fifth title and 
thud in fax. years, was drawn in 
group four of the new four- 
group Champions’ the 

round-robin stage of the Charo- 
jmchos* Cup, along with three- 
time winner Ajax Am sterdam. 

In December, UEFA, the Eu- 
ropean soccer federation, creat- 
ed an elite Champions’ Cop 
competition, with eight teamq 
seeded to go directly into a 
Champions’ League; to be 
played between September and 
December. The next 16 highest 
ranked teams must play prehmi- 
nary-round two-leg matchups on 
Aug. 10 and 24 in order to ad- 
vance to the league f orma t. 
l- The ch am pions of the other 

* UEFA countries win play in the 
UEFA Cup. (See Scoreboard) 

Milan and Ajax will be joined 
by the winners of the pretinti- 
nary-rouud matchups that pit 
Glasgow Rangers against AEK. 
Athens, and Maccabi Haifa of 
Israel versus Salzburg. 

Barcelona, the winner in 1992 
and twice-losing finalist since 
1986, was put in the same league 
group as Manchester United. 

Bayern Munich, which like 
Ajax won the trophy three years 
in a row in the 1970s and is back 
in the competition after an ab- 
sence of four seasons, is in group 
two with Spartak Moscow. 

Paris Saint-Germain, the 
French champ ion after the five- 
year reign of the disgraced 1993 
Champions’ Cup winner Mar- 
seille, must beat VAC FC Sam- 
sung of Hungary to qualify for 
group two. 

Group three features Benfica 
of Portugal and Andedecht of 
Belgium. One of the other 
teams in the group could be the 
1986 winner, Steana. Bucharest 
— if the Romanians get past 
Serve! te of Switzerland in the 
prehnrinaiy round. 

The Champions’ Cup re ve rt s 
to knock-out stages beginning 
with the March quarterfinals- 



Colombian Victor in Alps 
And a Tale of 2 Miguels 




Edwdn NnSei/Tlw AaodMcd Piesi 

rrs CARNIVAL TIME IN RIO (AGAIN) — In a marathon day of celebrations, Brazil’s World Ciq> champions 
arrived early Wednesday m Rio de Janeiro, where an estimated 1 nrilBon fans filled the streets to greet the team. 


By Samuel Abt 

In re mammal Herald Tribune 

VAL THORENS, France — 
Meet little Mjg. 

That would be Miguel Ar- 
royo, who has more things in 
comm on with Miguel Indurain 
— Big Mig — than are apparent 
at first. Both climb well, for 
example, both say they are in 
exemplary' form, both put on 
their bicyding shorts one leg at 
a time and both are hopeful in 
this 81st Tour de France. 

Abrupt end of similarities. 
Indurain stands 6 foot 2 inches 
(1.87 meters) and weighs 176 
pounds (80 kilograms); Arroyo 
is 5 feet 5 and 1 32 pounds. Also, 
Indurain is Spanish and Arroyo 
is Mexican. 

Then there’s the fan that In- 
durain is leading the Tour by 7 
minutes 21 seconds and, barring 
accident or illness, is cruising to- 
ward his fourth consecutive vic- 
tory in tire race while Arroyo 
ranks 48th and is looking for his 
first victory of the year. 

The two continued on their 
separate trajectories Wednes- 
day on the 149-kilometer (92J- 
mile) stage from Bourg d’Oi- 
san^, at the fool of Aipe d’Huez, 


Top Federation Cup Seeds Advance 


FRANKFURT — Mary 
Pierce, the losing French Open 
finalist, dropped just three 
games on Wednesday as France 
brushed aside Italy to readi the 
quarterfinals of the Federation 
Cup women’s team tennis tour- 
nament. 

A strong-looking Japan 
breezed past Sweden, while 
hosts Germany, not locking as 
powerful this year without 
Steffi Graf, the world’s No. 1 
player, also advanced after tak- 
ing an unbeatable 2-0 lead over 
Slovakia. 

France, seeded third, took a 
2-0 lead against I2th-seeded It- 
aly in the second round match 
after JuHc Halard beat Silvia 
Farina, 2-6, 6-4, 6-2, and Pierce 
beat Sandra Cecchm j 6-0, 6-3. 


The French will play either 
Bulgaria or Indonesia in the 
quarter finals . 

Japan, proving to be worthy 
of its fifth seed, crashed Swe- 
den’s hopes by going 2-0 ahead. 
Naoka S-awamaisu strolled past 
Maria Strandhmd, 6-4, 6-3, and 
Kimiko Date beat Asa Carls- 
son, 6-2, 7-5. 

Japan will face either Spain, 
the defending champion, or Ar- 
gentina in the quarterfinals. 

The Germans, dearly miss- 
ing Graf, who declined to play 
because she said she needed a 
rest, struggled against No. 15 
Slovakia. 

Playing in front of nearly 
empty stands, Sabine Hack 
beat Radka Zrubakova, 6-2, 4- 
6, 6-3, and Anke Huber 
squeezed past Karina Habsu- 


dova in a tough 7-6, 7-5 match 
in which the German’s nerves. 
saw her through. Huber took 
the first set tiebreaker 8-6. 

Germany now plays the win- 
ners of the match between 
South Africa and the Nether- 
lands, seeded 14th and 7 th. 

The two countries were levd 
at 1-1 after the angles. Miriam 
Oremans of the Netherlands 
beat Elna Rdnach, 6-4, 7-5, but 
Brenda Schultz lost to South 
Frica’s Joanette Kruger, 6-4, 6- 
0. 

Organizers' fears of poor 
ticket sales for the 5426,000 
tournament after Grafs with- 
drawal were borne out, with 
only 11,000 people watching 
the premier team event in wom- 
en’s tennis on the first three 
days. 


SCOREBOARD 


Major Lengt h Standings 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
East Division 

W L Pet 


Now York 

55 

36 

404 

— 

Baltimore 

53 

38 

-581 ’ 

2 

Boston 

45 

*7 

489 


Toronto 

*2 

50 

-457 

Wft 

DetralT 

42 S2 

Coatral Dtetetea 

MJ 

Mft 

Chla*o 

St 

36 

M9 

— 

Ctavtaand 

54 

35 

mo 

1 

Kansas Cltv 

49 

45 

X) 

8 

Minnesota 

<1 

49 

M 

13 

Milwaukee 

43 » 
west Dtototoa 

A62 

MM 

Texas 

45 

48 

Ml 

— 

Oakland 

*i 

5? 

All 

4 

California 

41 

5* 

M2 

5 

Tanlllk 

38 

54 

A13 

«ft 


NATIONAL LEA0UB 
EasIDMstoo 



W 

L 

pet 

OB 

Atlanta 

56 

35 

.615 

— 

Montreal 

56 

37 

m 

1 

PhJIadstpttta 

45 

49 

An 

12ft. 

New York 

43 

50 

462 

14 

Florida 

•c a 

Central Dtettaoa 

X47 

ISM 

Cincinnati 

56 

37 

.602 

— 

Houston 

53 

41 

..564 

3ft 

Pittsburgh 

44 

48 

An 

lift 

St Louts 

43 

47 

An 

lift 

Chicago 

40 52 
West Division 

-435 

15ft 

Los Anoetes 

48 

46 

sn 

— 

Colorado 

46 

SO 

An 

2 

San Francisco 44 

51 

AO 

4ft 

Sai Diego 

V 

58 

JW 

lift 


I Tuesday’s Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Turn HI M M9 — 3 t * 

Oevctand *80 218 W»— U 12 8 

Fa[arda.Honsyart1 <6LHtnwHI(7),Carw*v 
far (01 and Rodrtguaz, Ortlx (»>/ Nagy, ftus- 
sail (9) and Alomar. W—Nuoy.J*. L-Fa- 
■ante. S*. HRs-Toxas. Rndrtauc (13). 
Ckrvaiand, Bcue (Z71. Tbofna (Ml. Sorrento 2 

(W, KlrtoV (4). _ .. , 

M iii nM iil a 0B2 808 MO— 0 1* 1 

SESto w *1 «*-• * 4 

TwnL WWIN (». GuMwte (8> 
bade; SWHtooivre, Canto (71. Ho 11 wd 
Borders- W— Castillo. 54. L-Tdwn 
5v — Hall mi. HRs— Minnesota, warns** Ml. 
Toronto. Borders 121. 

Detroit WO •» tt*-* * l 

r»inw» Ml 280 P* 1 ’ V 

Heictier. Goto 1*1 m«i 

m*. Johnson («. AaBownoelM r (81. Hff iw 

ton CB! and LoVolltort W— Fwnonoa*. 

Ml. HRs— Detroit PWd*r (». 
mSSSiomm Itl.Samud ISJ.CN*- 
«a, ROHun (ft _ . . * 

KommOhrOM * “ S K » 

2J» L — Plctionto. 34. hio 

^-*rsrs°Ss > : 

Batoft Dawson (141# 
l)”2iH^Carib cm. C 

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SLUM* » MU BOO— 8 > 1 

HanUOa 444 m 


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Edens (81 and Senate. W-ftototo*. M. 
L-^Klta, ml H R*-St La«l» Gfflcsy (5),WM9- 
*n (W. 

Florida ••• •« »o-S 9 0 

On cl — all . . Ml 1M . M*-» W 4 

Gardner, MoHmmm Ml.JatmfKic t51.MutU 
(Cl, Nan (I) and Santiago; SmJtav. DeLucfa 
t71,Fortuona 171 ond Tautansw. W— SiriHev. 
1M. L-^OofdnarrM. HRa-Florido. Sheffield 
OB). Clad naan. Bramflald (31. Monte <»L 
Attaata 883 88* 881— 18 10 S 

pntewsfi m am s*»-T3 a i 

Avarv.Badnahn(S>,Otaon Ml^taiton 171, 
woman <71, Btetodd <■) and Otertan; Ubmt. 
RobarteM (fil.Dewwv Ml. R. MomanHio (6), 
MiceJI (7i,Dr«rl71andParrWvW— MiodLl- 
0. L— Otewv 0-2 HRa— Atlanta OU«Q (S1-- 
Pfttebwrste Garda 15), ParrWi CO. 

JLM AMMte 308 a IB0-* U 0 

Hew vane - .. 800 280 13 2 

Grant CMt Ml. Doal (B),McDainafl IDaad 
plana; jaaee. Mason IB), Gundenoa (D, J- 
MamanfUa IBJ, Franca (91 and Huntley. 
W— AtawonniivW. L— Gon,5-l Sv— Franco 
Oil- HR*— La* AaaatHb DsSMNds CD. New 
Yoirts, Handtey (14). 

CMcbbo iee 121 Bto— 4 m o 

e n terado "* 880 «•— l t l 

Tncted BauHsta (9) and Wilkins; Nted. 
Leskanic (5), Blatr (71, M. Munm m.% RMd 
(9landOwen*.W^TVacHaeLM.L— m*L9-5. 
HR— CMam Saw (21). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

TUESDAY’S GAME; Jordon went i-fcM. 
wffft a Bunt »wb fly mite md a ground- 

auL He tad one putoat to rteM flakt 
Season TO DATE: Jordon Is DaHlns .W1 
(*Hor v 3»)wttli37run»,l3daiJW«*,on#triP(ei 

34 RBls.37iMAs.82>trNceautsand23stolen 

bans in 3* atlenmte. He iws is* patovto, tow 
ond nine arm's In rteM field. 


UEFA CUP 

PredmlaarT Rauad, first lag Aw*. 9, second 
teg Ana. 23 

Slav Hi Praam, Cxeai RwuMlc, vs. Cork 
City, Inland; FC Motherwell, Scotland, vs. 
Havaar Boitteiaa, Faroe (stands; FC Copwv 
ixuen, Damoark, vs. FC Jazz Port Finland; 
FC Pori o down, Norl h wn Ireland, vs. Slovan 
Bratislava, Slovalda; Bangor CNy,WM«,vi. 
FCAkraaos, lartand; AnlataskosM, Finland, 
vs. Inter Bratislava. Slovakia; Odense BK, 
Denmark, vs. Flora Tallinn. Estonia; Lntas- 
tram SK, Norway, vs. SeiioeWer Donak, 
Ukraine; Goto n io n oil ta a g. Faroe Islands, 
•s. TrUtebariB. Sweden; Gondk Zabrze. Po- 
lend, vs. Shmnrocfc Rovers, Ireland; FC Ra- 
mar, Uitiimila. vs. AIK Sotna. Sweden. 

FH Hafncrfiordur. Inland, vs. Ltofteta, 
Norttwrn Tretand; Skanta Mga, Latvia, vs. 
AftentMtoScanand; inter Cardiff, wates, vs. 
OKS Kattawice. Poland; Raseaboni Tramt- 
Iwrlm, Norway, vs. CS Grevonmatewr, Luxem- 
bourg; FC Aarau, SwHzerkHt, vs. FC Mura, 
Slavonia; Anarltioste Famagusta, Cyprus. vs, 
Shuman. Batearta; Dynamo TWlbL Georgia, 
vsl UtdvgrsBDtea Craiova, Romania; Vardar, 
Macedonia, vs. FC Befcescsaoa, Hungary. 

SCT oivnipla Stover la. vs. Levskl Sofia, 
Bulgaria; Feaertahce ishmbaL Turkey vs. 
Touron. Awdallanj La Valletta Malta vs. 
Rapid BuchamL Romania; lOspest Honved 
Budapest Haagary, vs. Klraan* Chtelnaa 
MoMma; Araf Yerevan. Armenia vs. ZSKA 
Sofia, Batgarla; Dtooma Mtodt. BokkriHk vs. 
FCHlbernlara, Scotland; TeutoDurres,Aa»- 
nta, vs. Apoltan LknoesoL Cyprus; Arte Solon- 
ftL Greece, vs. Haooel Beer Staeva teraeL 


Japanese Leagues 


Ait-Star series 


mi 000 010—3 ■ .0 
on eat «*— ? o i 


SOCCER 


European Cups Draw 

CHAMPIONS CUP 

PreBntteorv Reead, first teg Aea to, second 
taS Aw. M 

Ports 5L Bermofa Franca vs. vac Sam- 
sung. Hungary; Warsaw, Poland, v*. 
Halduk Spm. Croatia; Straw Budhargst, Ro- 
mania vs. Servefia Swftrarlrad; awrta 
pragua Ccncfi Republic. v» IFK Goetebora 
Sweden; AEK Amana, Groeca «. «tep» 
mmeraSeetland; NlaeeaU Haifa israeLvs. 
ivtoi Salzburg, Austria; SBUgbora Den- 
mark, vs. Dynamo Kiev, ukratra: Avenir Sw 
era, Luxembourg, va OtMaum, Tttlunr. 
CRg — gtaos Leagqe 

MdiB roond. matdies Sent KSgpL2B oct w 
Hot. % Nov. 23. Dec. 7 
Snap A 

winner of Avenir Bcggen vd Gotatasaniy i 
Manchester United; winn« re(a«rfo Praswe 
v*. ifk Oaeteiiorgj FC aortrtana 
6nw ■ 

Baw Mur*3uGermony;Wtoigraiaita- 
borw Dennnri vs. Dynamo Kiev; Saartak 

Moscow, Russia: winner of Paris st.Gernwto 

vs. VAC Samsung. 

Groan C . 

■mites LtabotV Portugal; Winner of Stem 
BS^esU^vefte; WlnneralLeutaWor- 
rawattdHaWokSpmj RSCAndertechL Bel- 
gium. 

arogp o 

AC Milan; Winner of MaecoW Haifa w. 
Catato Sattbura; winner of AEK AMwis vo. 
Ooseaw Rangers; A lax Amsterdam. 

CUP WINNERS CUP 

pranmiBonr RMML first teg Ana lLseamd 
■ ira Aow 9S 

p<- nirtn, Butaarta vs. FC Setwan. Uect>- 
taSem; NormnTolltfl, ENoata. vs. Martbor 
ironik. Sloven la; Fandok BobrolskrBaktfus, 
^Tirana Affiania; TUteul TW8WW, Mol- 
ZLa . «. omonin Nicosia, fivptwf Forene* 
Sroi. Hungary, v*. F71 0«fcWango,UKfim- 
SSr/FWttwm Motta vs. SOso Rovers, 

^Jrnd; Barry Towawotei vaZhalfiirteVTl- 

FKBoda, Norway, vs. onm- 

SSS y»« aikav,c«d.Jte- 

S**Omv Saadnar 

f^^FproetetaBiteVB.HJKH MM. 

Tatran Pesov, Slovakia. 


CYCC!N<rF‘C^^j 


Tour de France 


tang time; L Nelson Rodrigua, CotomOla 
ZG-MoUH, 5 hours, 12 minutes. 52 Seconds. 
Z Plotr Ugrumov, Latvia Gewtss. 3 seconds 
behind: X Marco Punt one Italy, Carrara 
1:06; 4, Rktwrd Vlrenaua Franca Fed too, 
2^2; X Mtesita indurain, SMbvBanmasamr 
Hma 

A Alex Zuite. Switzerland. ONCE, 2:37; 7, 
Luc Leblanc. Franca Fasttna 2:40; L Ro- 
berta Cnofl, Italy, Lampra 2M; 9. Hemal 
BuenabortL Colombia, Kehna 2:*5; la lido 
Bolted ermaav. Telekom, 2i52. 

Overall Standings: 1, Mlgiiei Indurain, 
Spain, Banesta U hours, 42 minutes 45 sec- 
onds; X Richard Vbraoue. France, Festtna 
TdH; XMarca PnntanL Italy, Cerrrara 8:11; 
4, Luc UMbiX Pnmce, Feetlna 8:38; 5, Ro- 
berta Conti Hahr. GB-MG. 10:04 

A Plafr Uorumov. Latvia, Gawfes, 1IJ4; 7, 
Alberto BIIL Italy, GB-Mfl. 14:1X' X Alex 
Zufie. Swlf ze rtond. ONCE, to:44;*.Udo Batts. 
Germany. TeteknaiedS; IXVladtrnFr Pauf- 
Mkoy, Russia Carrara 17:15. 

11, Thomas Davy, Fraoee, Caetoranui, 
20 tW.- 13, Pascal Lina, France, Festlfla20:32; 
IX Nelson Rodriguez, Colombia ZO-MabUl 
24:18; 14. Oscar Psindad. Italy, PtaH, 24:51; 
15, FtmaflM Eecartln, Spain, MapeL 25:17. 


TRAMSITIONS 


BASEBALL 
Amerlau League 

At— Suspended Kansas City inflewer Bob 
Hamgffh for 5 games tor dttrgtaa mound; 
awS Chksuw effl char Ron Kartovka rad De- 
Iroit inflekter Tony Ptu Dtps 3 gomes each tor 
makino phystafl contact wtth umpires. 

CHICAGO— Put Ran Korkovtatartchar^n 
15-day disabled RsL Recalted Dana Johnson, 
pitcher, from NaEtvlUe, AA. 

NEW YORK— Acttvntod Mike Gal lego, to- 
fldder, tram ISday dkaUed list. Designal ad 
Dam FOIL Pdchsr, tar assignment. 
sm mb^h ii [ran 

SAN DIEGO— Suspended Las Visas Pfidh' 
or Fidel Cempres and Lae Vegas mfloider 
JaUa Bruoa MoflMtefy. 

BASKETBALL 

Nattaaot BgsfcdbaH AssorSaltwi 

DETROIT— Traded Sean ElItaH. forward, 
to San 1 Antonio (or rights to BUI CurtcY, for- 
ward, and secondraund pidt la 1W. 

FOOTBALL 

■ t ii Hi tesiiig bMMsf uann 

ATLANT A S HOTod Anthony PfilllM cor^ 
nerbocMmd RtckYScnder^ wide re ce iver, to 
Lytor contracts, fteteawd Lotas AoaoHen- 
slv* taddfcond Hoewd Olnlclne, Bnebadar. 

CLEVELAND— Agreed to term wfifi Ben- 

ale Tlwnpsaa, safety. 

DETROtT-ratoOed Von MflMne, safety. 

GREEN BAY— Started Ruffin HanUten, 
aneboetzr, and LaShoa Johnson, nmnlAg 
back. 


INDIANAPOLIS— signed Dcwcil Drawer, 
runidng back. 

LA. RAIDERS— Sinned Rob Fredrickson. 
Nntbadcer. Retaasea Greg Townsend, defen- 
sive end. 

Ml AKU— Stoned Richmond WBbta. offensive 
tackle, to Xyear con tract extension. 

MINNESOTA — Agreed to terms with Fer- 
ncndosrtatn, defensive end, mta Gtoo Torratta 
quarterback. Put Robert Smith rad Amp Lee. 
rwntag bocks, and Frank Boudreaux, defen- 
sive tackle, on tanttetanmmabtoto-pertorm 
IteL tegned Pew aywewotailngtoa cm u erbo c K, 
to 4-vear contract. Signed Al Nona defensive 
end, to t-vear contract. 

MINNESOTA— Activated Robert Smith, 
naming back. tram Hiyslcanv-unaUe-tow- 
tarm list. Signed Dbvm Palmer, hWd receiv- 
er. 

NEW ORLEANS— Reteased vaughan 
Johnson, linebacker. Signed Jimmy Spencer, 
cornerback. waived Ed TUltean, funpock; 
Jhnmv Youna. carnerhack; and Darryl MT- 
burn. Unehacfcer. 

N.Y. GIANTS— Signed William Roberts, 
award; John Brandos, fight end; Jarvis WU- 
Uams. Jesse Campbell, John Booty and Jason 
SehonLsotofies: Thomas Randoteh end Wil- 
lie Beamon, c ora araacfcs; Coray WMmer. 
Ilnebackor; Gary Harell, Mark Jackson and 
Chris Conaway, wide te cst vgra; Chad 
Brahk*. defensive lineman; Kenyan Ho- 
sheecLtollbocfc; Garv Downs, running bock; 
Brad Dal also, placeUcker; Chris Maumo- 
lanca dele n it v e tackle and John Booty, de- 
fensive back and Stan White quarterback. 
Waived David Pyne. censor ; WTO tarn Townes, 
de f ensive tackle. Announced Duane Marts, 
flMwcker, failed tits pfiysteai. Rescinded ffte 
tender offer to Ed McCaffrey, wide receiver. 

RY. JETS— Waived Craig Milter, running 
bock, and Garv Becklard, defensive back. 
Agreed to terms wtth Aaron G4aan, comer- 
back. on *-vear contract 

PHILADELPHIA— waived Resole Law- 
retro, wide receiver: Mutt Morrill. de f ensive 
tinman; Rmn Tabhv Iktebaekar; and Mark | 
Dbcan, offensive Bneman. Signed Chris Barry 
and Kjint Hail, offensive lineman; Jimmy 
Smmuwkte receiver; and Mickey Pruitt, line- 1 
backer. Released Hea t h Sherman, running 
back. Signed Bernard Williams, offensive 1 
tackle, to 5- rear contract. Agreed to terms \ 
with Chortle Gamer, running back, on J-veor : 
contract. 

PITTSBURGH— Stoned Dermontti Daw- 
•an. center, to Svsar co ntrac t extension. 
Agreed to terms with Jason GJldon, lineback- 
er. Bam Morris, running back; ond Mvrao ' 
Belt de f ensive back. 1 

SAN DIEGO— Gill Byrd, cornerback. ra- 
fted. GUI Byrd, cnrnerhock, retired. Waived 
CurttsWltfltev, offensive lineman. Announced 
that Grant Carter, linebacker, left training 
coma 

SAN FRANCISCO— Stoned Bart Oates, cen- 
ter. 

SEATTLE— Aoreed to lerms with Lamar 
south, ruanlna back. Announced Rick Wood, 
funpock has toft camp. 

Tampa BAY— Stoned Harold Bistro tight 
end, to 3-year contract Agreed to terms with 
Jim Pvnfc center, an 2-veor contract. 

WASHINGTON— Signed Gw Frerott* 
auartertiQdL to 3-year cantracL Retoased 
Brad Edwards, safety. Signed Joe Patton, 
guard, and Kurt Hows, fight end. 

HOCKEY 

Kattenw Hockey League 

CHI CAGO— Stoned Berate Nktoils, center, 
to 3-year contract, 

FLORIDA Stoned Stu Barnes, c e nte r , to B 
multiyear contract. 

LOS ANGELES— Stoned Yank parreautf, 
center; Berry PesamM, Den Bytsma and 
StePMM SovDIerx Hft wings; and Rah 
Cowte, defenseman. 

N.Y. ISLANDERS— Named Ron Kennedy 
CKtsfcmt coach. 

N.Y. RANGERS— Coach Mike Keenan an- 
nounced he has left team beenuse at contract 
glj pg h f, 

QUEBEC Named Joel Quenmvllle aesis- 
fartf coach, 

ST. LOUIS BLUES— Named Mike Keenan 
asneraf manager and coach. 

COLLEGE 

HC AA » Atm ounced the Trans America 
Athletic Conference baseball champion will 
receive an automatic bkliorne NCAA tourna- 
ment efleefive for 199S season. 

WAJMlwn'OM-Aimoortdetf tt wtil Ml (re- 
peal Hie dedtaom of too NCAA Committee on 

iMitocfteabwhlchlncIudedllmtttnaoftelevl. 
stenoff p e or anc e lnlWShifour; AuotheHug- 

Ues are IneHglbleio so to a bowl gpme until 
otter the ms season. 

'Mid-continent conference-n- 

aiMa Dr. Joa AStetabrecner aritnaooramie- 
staaer. 

Navy— N amed Riehte Meade men's to- 


Tracy Austin Puts an End 
To a 'Long, Good Career 9 

The Asseaaud Preu 

MAHWAH. New Jersey — Saying that she did not love the 
game as much as she once did, Tracy Austin bid a tearful 
good-bye to professional tennis with an unexpected retire- 
ment announcement. 

The announcement Tuesday night at the Pathmark Classic 
was tire second time that Austin had announced she was 
quitting tennis. 

One of the game’s best young players in the late 1970s and 
early ’80s, Austin quit in 1 983 before making two comebacks. 
One ended because of injuries she suffered in a car accident; 
the latest began 1ft years ago. 

“This is my last match. 1 came back because I was enjoying 
it,'* Austin said. “And about three months ago. I stopped 
enjoying it” 

“It’s the end of a long, good career, ** she added. 

Austin, 31, made the announcement after retiring from her 
opening-round match against Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere be- 
cause of agroin injury. Maleeva-Fragniire was leading, 6-4, 2-0. 

In 1979, when die was 16, Austin became the youngest 
player to win the U.S. Open. The record that still stands. In 
1980, she was ranked No. I in the world. 


to Val Thorens, a moo main lop 
resort in the Alp. 

The man in the yellow jersey 
finished fifth and Arroyo was 
92d after climbs over the Glan- 
don and Madeleine Passes, 
both rated first category in dif- 
ficulty, and then up to lofty* Val 
Thorens, rated beyond category 
and no picture postcard either. 

In a Sprint finish, the winner 
was Nelson Rodriguez, a Co- 
lombian with ZG MobOi, wbo 
nipped Piotr Ugrumov, a Latvi- 
an with Gewiss. They were two 
of three riders who broke away 
on the Madeleine climb and 
built a comfortable lead while 
ditching their accomplice, 
Bjame Riis of Gewiss. 

Rodriguez finished the stage, 
conducted in cold and cloudy 
weather, in 5 boors 13 minutes 
52 seconds, 3 seconds faster 
than Ugrumov, at an hourly av- 
erage speed of 28.4 kilometers. 
Two more fatigued riders 
dropped out. reducing the field 

to 126 . 

Third was the astonishing 
Marco Paniani. a young Italian 
climber with Carrera, who 
again waited too long to launch 
the counterattack that might 
have made him a winner. By 
finishing 1:08 behind Rodri- 
guez, however, he moved up to 
third place overall from fifth, 
leapfrogging two Frenchmen, 
Artnand De Las Cuevas and 
Luc Leblanc. 

Leblanc, who rides for Festi- 
□a and wbo finished 2:40 be- 
hind, dropped from third place 
to fourth. 

De Las Cuevas, wbo rides for 
Castorama and who finished 
20:02 behind, fell from fourth 
place to the oblivion of 17th. 

Looking invincible as he led a 
small group's chase up the final 
mountain after Pantani. Indur- 
ain lost no time to the second- 
placed Richard Virenque. a 
Frenchman with Festina. 

Virenque now leads Pantani 
by 50 seconds and must be wor- 
rying about the battle for sec- 
ond. More than 7 minutes up 
after this I6th of 21 daily stages, 
Big Mig has liule to worry about. 

“He's incredible,” liule Mig 
says of Indurain. “The big boss, 
for sure.” 

Arroyo, 27, is a boss himself 


for the low-budget ChazaS 
team, which was allowed inicfl 
the Tour as a concession :ca 
French cycling interests. At thJ 
last moment, organizers relaxed 
their rules limiting the race io( 
20 teams to let Chazal ride. - 

It has yet to record a top-five 
finish in a daily stage but does 
rank 12th among the 21 entries 
in ream standings based on to- 
tal accumulated time. 

“The team is good,” Arroyo 
said, “pretty good. It’s no big 
team but for me that's good 
because I can be the leader.” 

The Mexican's reputation 
rests on his climbing skills. He 
was first brought to Europe by 
Greg LeMond in !9S9. on the 
advice of LeMond’s masseur 
and confidante. Otto Jacome, 
to work for the ADR team. Ar- 
royo moved with LeMond to 
theZteamin 1 990 and '91. rode 
for GB in *92 and for Subarli 
last year. 

Subaru, which was based in 
the United States, was invited to 
the 1993 Tour as a shared entry 
with tire Chazal team Arroyo 
now rides for. Rejecting the inf- 
lation as an affront and vowing 
to qualify on its own this year. 
Subaru decided instead to go out 
of the bicycle- racing busine-*.- 
during the winter. 

In this race, Arroyo did not 
excel in the Pyrenees. On the 
first climb there he had a flat 
and fell behind Lhe leading 
group to finish 56th. 6:21 down 
on the winner. The next day. 
over four massive climbs, he 
finished 52d, nearly 20 minutes 
behind. 

Going over Mom Veutoux in 
Lhe Midi on Monday, Arroy o 
improved to 36th place. 9:59 


behind. Tuesday he sank back 
to 50th place, 14:36 behind at 
the finish atop Aipe a'Huez. 
His performance rat-r r •■.re-- 
isk, however, since rot 
wheel jammed near the end and 
he had to walk the disabled bi- 
cycle a few hundred yards be- 
fore he got a replacement. 

“I'm tired.” he said Wednes- 
day “tired but still trying. May? 
be today 1 can do something, 
maybe sometimes in the Alps.’* 

Two stages remain in thov: 
mountains and, Arroyo keeps 
hoping, mail ana is another day. 


IHT World Cup Competition 


The Winners 


From June 4 - 17, 1994, the International Herald Tribune ran a competition in which 
repondents predicted various outcomes of facets of the World Cup. Twelve questions were 
asked on twelve different days. A minim um of six correct responses were necessary to be 
considered for the official drawing. 

.A total of 917 responses were received with the majority of competition entrants coming 
from Switzerland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, USA, Hong Kong and Japan. 


Congratulations to the following winners: 

Two United Airlines business class round-trip Europe/New York tickets 
plus five nights accommodation at the Stanhope Hotel in New York. 

Winner: Thomas F. Bourke. Florence. Italy. 


Grand Pri/.k 


Fin e Second Prizes 


Five Third Prizes 


Sprint Collectors framed pre-paid phone cards in celebration 
of the World Cup. 

Winners: Richard Kartosonto, Budapest, Hungary 
Milan Kostic, Mikakonojo, Japan 
Hitoshi Onda, Paris, France 
Rachid Safa. Paris. France 
Martin Bateman. Cadiz, Spain 

AT Cross, 22k gold, diamond cut, roller ball pens, 
from the Signature Collection. 

Winners: Philip Cudjoe, Hamburg, Germany 

Danny de Vries, Ber-Kampenhout, Belgium 
Mary Cline, Munich, Germany 
Kenneth Howell, St. Andre de I' Eure. France 
Peter R. Maeder. Vich. Switzerland 


Five Fourth Prizes 


Gold Pfeil men's wallets. 


Gerald HL Greene. Sao Paolo, Brazil 
^ nners: Raymond D. Potvin, Macau 

Francois Dunoyer. Valbonne. France 
Marcos Ribeiro Correa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
George Obiamalu, Jr.. Lagos, Nigeria 


And a special thanks to our sponsors: 


United Airlines 


Sprint 



GOLD 1a PFEIL 


Hera! 



ributtc. 


j = 


• «m « utm vow mu ra m Mweru* wtt 











I 






Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1994 


ART BUCHWALD 


Woodstock Memories 


Sunken Treasures 18 Tons of Porcelain 


PEOPLE 


TI7ASHINGTON — Now 
t Y that the 50th anniversary 
of D-Day is behind us, the only 
event still to celebrate is the 
25th anniversary of Woodstock 
the rock concert that 
changed the world. 

Many people of my genera- 
tion who can't remember where 
they were on Dec. 7, when the 
Japanese bombed Pearl Har- 
bor, know ex- 


actly where 
they were 
when the rock 
bands bombed 
upstate New 
York with 
their music.' 

I asked Joe 

Smoak if he re- m ^ 
called what he %fW 

“V ■—* 

■ ter had gone there and 1 had my 
face pressed to the television 
screen hoping to find her in the 
crowd. My wife went through 
23 boxes of Kleenex as we sat in 
the living room. We weren’t 
sure that we would ever see her 
again." 

“What did you expect her to 
do?” 

“We thought that she would 
follow Ritchie Havens into the 
sea," Joe said. 


probably alive because the FBI 
hadn't contacted either of us 
yet. Both our children had gone 
with Fig Riley, a notorious pot 
smoker, who never wore a shirt 
and kept screaming. ‘We are the 
real people, and we sniff air- 
plane glue.’ So 1 decided to go 
to Woodstock to find my kid. 
but I only got as far as Yonkers 
and I was stuck in traffic for 
three days.” 

Joy Schwan said: “We went 
to church and prayed for As- 
trid. It was the only dung we 
could think of.” 

Elaborate plans are being 
made for the Silver Anniversa- 
ry. A thousand veterans of (he 
original concert, many now fat 
and out of shape, have asked to 
parachute in over Stills and 
Nash. 

□ 


Bob Albritton told me. "I re- 
member Woodstock very well. I 
was holding my son’s arms and 
my wife was holding his legs so 
that he couldn't leave the house. 
He was very agitated for a 14- 
year-old boy. finally we hand- 
cuffed him to the water healer 
in the basement until the con- 
cert was over. It was a terrible 
day for us.” 

I talked to Doris and Willy 
Krupp. Willy said. “I wasn't 
bothered by Geralyn going. But 
she took our car and she didn't 
have a license. I was afraid dial 
we'd never see the car again. I 
was right. Sixteen people sat on 
it to get a better view of the 
stage and its roof collapsed." 

Duffey Phelps said: “Jean 
Thompson came over to our 
house in hopes that we had 
some idea where her kid was. I 
said I had no idea but he was 


A lot of people are going to 
take their Families back and 
show them exactly where Joe 
Cocker broke his electric guitar. 

“It was so hot," said Jay Ar- 
nold Caplan, “that we had to be 
sprayed with water from fire 
trucks every time they changed 
bands. We couldn't get enough 
food and the supermarket was 
sold out in the first hour. Most 
of us resorted to eating raw po- 
tatoes from Max Yasgur's 
farm.” 

The veterans who are going 
to return said that they will be 
looking for buddies. Dennis 
Rainer said, “I met a girl and 
we vowed to meet again in 25 
years in the same tern we shared 
that night." 

**I hope she comes back.” 

Buddy Roogow said: “I'm 
looking for someone who saved 
my life. I was trying to climb 
onto the stage when six body- 
guards pounced on me. Rachel 
Martin, who I had never met, 
screamed, 'Leave him alone, 
you animals.' I ran and she hid 
me in her sleeping bag until 
they gave up looking for me.” 

And so on Aug. 13 and 14 
they will re-enact the Wood- 
stock concert. To parents it was 
a weekend of infamy, but those 
who experienced it will never 
forget die words of President 
Roosevelt, “All we had to fear 
was the music.” 


By Michael Richardson 

Intemauomd Herald Tnbm 

S INGAPORE — For the first few minutes, as 
Dorian Ball pulled himself down a guide rope 
fixed to the seabed by a concrete block to counter 
the strong current, he could see nothing but the 
murky water of the Strait of Malacca. 

Then, at a depth of about 32 meters (about 100 
feet), the twin headlamps attached to his scuba 
diving mask illuminated several rows of Chinese 
porcelain plates sticking oat of the sand. 

“I knew it had to be the Diana,” Ball, a researcher 
and underwater treasure hunter, recalled recently. 
“It was (he right depth, position and kind of cargo, 
and no other wreck of an old ship had been recorded 
in that area.” 

In a meticulous five-month salvage operation that 
ended in June. Ball and his assistants unearthed the 
Diana’s cargo, buried in up to three meters of sand 
and mud. 

When the three-masted British sailing ship sank in 
March 1817 after striking submerged rocks about 25 
kilometers (15 miles) north of the port of Malacca in 
what is now Malaysia, the Diana had an assortment 
of goods from China on board, including nankeen 
cotton cloth, silk, green tea, camphor and sugar 
candy. 

Like most of the 350-ton vessel's wooden hull, 
these things have been eaten by sea worms or rotted 
away. 

However, the Diana was also carrying 18 tons of 
china ware to British-ruled India. The surviving 
24,000 pieces of this blue and white porcelain are the 
fourth largest such find from an undersea wreck. 
Ball said that the porcelain, preserved by bang 
buried in the mud, is in perfect condition. 

Its estimated worth at auction is several milli on 
dollars, according to authoritative sources. 

Colin D. Sheaf, director of the Chinese depart- 
ment at Christie's art auction house, said the china- 
ware he had seen from the Diana represented a 
“fascinating example of a sealed time capsule. It is 
very unusual for a shipwreck to be so well-docu- 
mented and to have such an interesting cargo of 
porcelain on board.” 

Ball, 49, first came across a reference to the 
sinking of the Diana when he was researching 
Southeast Asian shipwrecks in the New York Public 
Library in 1 984. A search for more details, including 
vital information about how and where the ship 
went down, took him to archives in London, Calcut- 
ta and Singapore. 

Ball found the remains of the Diana last Decem- 
ber during a night search in which he used an 
underwater metal detector, a computer and highly 
accurate satellite navigation and positioning equip- 
ment. By that time, his funds were running out and 
he was close to abandoning the project His two 
diving partners had just quit. 

The Diana was one of the many British vessels 
that dominated the international trade to and from 
China in the 18th and 19th centuries. Although not 



Qtaefid Dead Lfoen Up . 
Senate Dining Room 

Heads swiveled in the Senate ^ 
fining room when Senator Pat- * ; 
rick J. Leahy turned up with the - 
Grateful Dead: Jerry Garcia, 

Bob Weir, PM Lesh and Midi- y 
ey Hart “Senate staff members / 
don't always recognize foreign 
dignitaries but they certainly . : , J , 
recognized the Dead,” said Joe u! 
jamele, the senator's press sec- ' 
rexary. “Strom Thurmond came 
by and shook hands with Jerry 


vid Pryor/ 


Dorian Ball with one of the Chinese porcelain plates salvaged from the Diana. 


D»vh] fra/Thc New Paper 


listed on the manifest because its import into China 
was illegal, the ship had almost certainly carried a 
large quantity of opium to Whampoa, then the m ain 
port of Canton, on its outward voyage from India 
via the Strait of Malacca. 


The drug was grown in India by the East India 
Company, the British firm that effectively ruled the 
subcontinent in those days and controlled the com- 
mercial cartel that supplied opium to China. 

While cotton and stiver had frequently been used’ 
by the British to pay for porcelain and other goods 
from China, opium became the chief medium of 
exchange from the end of the 18th century when 
Britain’s silver supplies were needed to pay for the 
long Napoleonic wars in Europe. 

The three previous major recoveries of chinaware 
from undersea wrecks in Southeast Aria date from 
the 17th and 18th centuries. They include a collec- 
tion of porcelain and gold from the GeldermaLsen, a 
Dutch sailing ship, which sold for more than $15 
million when auctioned by Christie's in Amsterdam 
in 1986. 


The ship was on its way from China to the 
Netherlands when it sank in 1752 in the South China 


Sea not far from the entrance to the shallow and 
often treacherous Malacca Strait. For centuries the 
narrow waterway between Indonesia, Malaysia and 
Singapore has been one of the world's busiest mari- 


time trade routes and lis seabed is littered with 
wrecks. 

' China's ability to make high quality porcelain 
generated an extensive trade with Britain and other 
European countries in the. 18th century. 

The Gddennalsen sank not far from Indonesia in 
what the salvage syndicate that found it asserted was ‘ 
international waters. However, the government in 
Jakarta claimed that the cargo was in Indonesian 
waters and had been taken without permission. 

There is no such controversy in the case o f the 
Diana which went down only three kilometers from 
the coast, well within Malaysian territorial waters: 
The salvage by Ball’s company. Malaysian Histori- 
cal Salvors, was approved by Malaysian authorities 
and is covered by a contract with the federal govern- 
ment in Kuala Lumpur. 

Under its terms, Malayan will get 30 to 50 percent 
of the net profits after the chinaware has been 
auctioned, depending on the actual value of the sale. . 

However, it is not dear where the auction will take 
place. Ball said that he wanted Christie’s to hold the 
sale in the autumn in Amsterdam, where the previ- 
ous major porcelain recoveries from undersea 
wreckshave beer auctioned. 


Singer Rick James, 46, has 
lost hS bid to stay outef jafl on 
charges of assaulting two wom- 
en while under the influence of 
cocaine. He was sentenced to 
five years and four months in 
prison after a Los Angeles 
judge refused his appeal to re- 
enter a drug rehabilitation cen- 
ter. . . .James Chan is facing a 
lawsuit for an alleged attack in 
May on Leesa Ame Roland. 
Roland, who says she dated 
riaiwg in ~ & suit that be 
punched and choked her. 

Q 

Em Pfaiby’s correspondence 
with novelist Graham Greene 
fetched £23,000 ($35,880) at a 
Sotheby’s auction in London of 
the Soviet double agent’s pa- 
and effects. Pmlbv, who 


died in 1988. Sotheby's put the 
preliminary sales total at 
£152,630. 

□ 

Sylvester Staflooe is not the 
fatter of model-photographer 
Janice Dickinson's daughter, 
the actor’s spokesman says, cit- 
ing DNA tests. Stallone under- 
went the tests because the .am- 
ple wanted to know if he was 
the father. StaQone and Dickin- 
son are now just friends. 

□ 

Franfotse Gadtin, 58, direc- 
tor of the Orsay Museum , in 
Paris, has been named the di- 
rector of all French national 
museums. 


“That would ensure the widest spread of buyers, 
maximum prices and the best international publicity 
for Malaysia,” he added. - 


UVTERNAHOIVAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Pages 4 & 9 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


Forecast (or Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


Today 

Wq*l Low W 
OF Ctf 

Mguva IHrtC 17 ^c s 
AiTBfantani 1 S 44 % 

Man Klta 1B«4 pc 

MOTS 34/33 24/75 a 

Baoton 2BD2 22.7 1 a 

BetgWJe 29(84 1/IB2 I 

B«W1 29(34 14«7 « 

BnEUMt 3D (86 18/64 1 

ButUpwl 31/88 18/64 pc 

cqai/ngai 2B/B2 14/57 a 

Costa Pol Sol 31/88 22/71 % 

OuMn 19 lU 11«2 pc 

17/82 IJflS ah 
ftoranca JfiflB 23(80 I 

Frartdwl 3138 14/57 1 

Geneva 2TJB0 18/64 pc 

HUsrt, 16/66 14157 pc 

ManbW 31/99 2?/7i pc 

LasPafcnn 28/79 21/70 a 

Lisbon 28/79 16/61 s 

Lon** 26/79 10»1 s 

Mata] 30(97 1 743? f 

VMsn 28/82 21/70 sh 

Mxcw 22/71 14/57 pc 

Mndt 38/82 15/53 pc 

Ne» 29/84 30/m PC 

Oita 37 /BO 15/59 a 

Palm, 27(80 23/73 » 

Parts 32/63 IB/M * 

PnjUB 20/® 13*5 5 

FWw* 13/55 11/52 r 

Romo 3984 ili7D pc 

SL PMcnbuTJ 13W 14/57 sh 

Suttwtn 24/75 13/55 s 

SKrtowg 11/88 18/64 pc 

Tafrn 13 M ISM pc 

Vma 31/88 21/70 l 

Vmo 29/82 16*1 pr 

Vim* 29/82 13/55 * 

a»ch 20/79 17/62 pc 


T<*m 

Vmct 


Tboorrm 
HV> Loar W 
OF OF 
26/84 19186 1 
26/79 1 7*2 a 
»/37 17*B I 
34/93 23/73 I 
29/84 23/73 * 
31*8 pc 

29/84 17(82 9 
30/86 17*2 S 
31/89 20/89 pc 
27*0 18*1 pc 
31(89 23/73 a 
19/66 13*55 a 
19(98 U#S» s 
32/99 20*0 S 
30*88 17*2 a 
29/84 19*4 5 
22/71 15*59 pc 
23/9! 20*9 I 
26.79 20*6 a 
27/80 18/84 pc 
27/B0 16*1 * 
35/95 20*8 pc 
32/89 21/70 a 
24/^ 14*7 pc 
29/64 18*1 K 
29/94 21/70 a 
2373 12/53 ah 
28/82 24/75 « 
29*4 I9.*l a 
29/61 16»il 3 
14/57 10(50 pc 
JJ/91 13/66 pc 
23.73 12/53 
23C3 14/57 sh 
31/88 18.84 3 
21/70 18*1 pc 
31'flB 22/71 pc 
27/BO 18*4 , 
27*0 16*1 s 
30*6 17.62 » 



Today 
Mgh Low 
OF CIF 


W KFgh low w 
OF OF 


Bw^ok 

Honglcorg 


32/89 24/75 
32/89 23/73 
29/84 27/80 
31/88 24/79 
32*9 28*2 
34 *3 26/79 
34/93 26/79 
32/89 22/71 
32/89 23/79 
32/99 24/75 


SATURDAY 



SUNDAY 


ab ftxecam and «m provtied 
• ty Accu-waather. mao iHB 4 


Europe and Middle East 
Location MM 


. Eiaope and Mkfdla East 


Jefcmaam 


I UnaaoioiMy 
Co* 


North America 
Mud) at the EasJ Coast will 
be warm and humid (or the 
and ot this week and the 
weekend. A weak tropical 
d/surDanoa may bring some 
iam 10 me North earn coast 
tale this week. Hot weather 
mtH remain across much ot 
the western halt o> the nation 
including Denver. Salt Lake 
City and Phwnh. 


Europe 

Very warm and humid 
weather will cove/ most of 
southern end central Europe 
for the end at dia week. The 
warmth wMI spread mio east- 
ern Europe over the week- 
end. London will be warm 
and rain-free much of the 
hme. Paris wriO also be rather 
warm with plenty of sun- 
shine 


Asia 

Wot. steamy air win remain 
across northeastern China 
Friday. Super Typhoon Wal 
will Hiely move across south- 
western Japan laler Friday 
with destructive winds and 
Homfrig rains. WaM wW prob- 
ably stay Just west of Tokyo 
Walt may aflect Korea or 
northeast China over the 
weekend. 


OpeTomi 


29/84 22/71 pc 30/86 23773 pc 
13/56 e/43 pe 1B/84 10/50 pc 
Ztna 19*4 * 27*0 19/M pc 


21/70 12/53 1 32/71 12/53 tta 

29/82 23/73 t ZB/82 24/76 pe 


18*6 11/52 C 22m 1102 pc 
31/89 19/68 ■ 33/91 21/70 • 


North America 


Canoes 

Deeuvtie 

«mtnl 

Malaga 

CagBori 

Faro 

Piraeus 

Corfu 

Bd^iton 

Defend 

Schevsrinpen 

tank 
Tel Aviv 


sunny 
parity sunny 
patty sunny 
stray 
sunny 
party sumy 
partly suiny 
sunny 


partly aunny 
partly sunny 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Ta rt- * j foCTS/r^ff 

High Low W High Low W 


OF OF 
29*4 23/73 


C*= C/F 

3e./09 24/75 3 


»*3 IS *6 s 36*7 2267 « 
28*2 16*1 1 31/88 18*4 * 


Oceania 


36/97 22*71 s 41/10022/71 s 
W.'llZ? 24/75 s 43/103 28/79 1 


13/55 6/43 pc 13/55 7/44 po 
14*7 7*44 p : 14*7 704 1 


Tortor Tomorrow 

High Lew W High Low W 
CIF Ut OF C7F 

Buenos Abes 17*2 6/43 1 11*2 -1/31 c 

Cwwca* 39*2 21/70 pc 29*4 2I/7D pc 

Lm 18*4 15*9 B 18*4 15*9 pc 

MsnroCSy 22/71 12*3 *1 2*775 12/63 pi 

Horfajetwco 32*9 teea S 33*1 20/88 pc 

Swwcgp 10150 -?<» pc 8/46 */S9 s 


Boom 

Qroogo 

Denv e r 

DeM 

Hon*Ju 

Hum 

Los4rge4n 


Logentt s-sumy. pc-oamv doudy. c-ckwdy. sh-showo*. r-thuvfertonns, wife. Sew fcailes. 
wvsnow.MCO.WJWuatwr AH maps, forecast* and p*ta provided by Accu-Weather, Inc. C 1994 


16*4 0/46 

33/91 22/71 
30/80 22/71 
32*0 18/86 
27/80 1 S« 
32*9 21/70 
29*4 23/73 
34/93 23/73 
29*4 19*8 
32*9 24/75 
27*0 16*1 
28*4 14/67 
29*4 24/75 
34*3 a /77 
40/104 28*2 
22/71 14/57 
91*9 1 6*1 
29 * 4 . 16/56 
34/93 a /28 


; partly sunny 
partly sunny 
douds and sui 
clouds and eun 
sunny 



Low 

Watwr 

Wm 

MM 

Location 

WbaOw . . 


Lo* 

Wafer 

WW 9 

MM 

Tamp. 

Twnp. 

Tamp. 

Heights 

Spsad 



Tamp. 

Trap. 

Tempi 

Halghfe 

* Speed 

OF. 

OF 

C/F 

(M«ra«) 

to) : 

. • "... - . - ■ 

- - : • : • 

. OF - , 

OP 

C/F 


Od*) 

29/64 

21/70 

26/79 

T -2 

SW 

10-20 

• • Can. 

awsiy 

29*4 

21/70 

28/79 

14 

SW 

12-22 

26/82 

19/88 

16*4 

1-2 

SW 

15-30 

DeaiwSa ■ 

partfyaray 

29*4 

16 * 4 . 

• 1 B* 4 _ ' 

14 

SW 

15-30 

30/86 

21/70 

28/78 

0-1 

NW 

10-20 

. Rrairn 

stray 

31/88 

22/71 

26/79 

■ 0-1 

NW 

- 10-20 

31 / 88 

22171 

2578 

0-1 

SW 

12-25 

Malaga . 

stray 

31*8 

2373 ' 

25/79 

01 

SW 

12-25 

31/88 

24/75 

2679 

0-1 . 

W 

10-20 

Cagtari 

sunny 

31*8 

24/75 

26/79 

0-1 

w 

12-22 

29/84 

18/64 

21/70 

1-2 

SW 

1245 

Faro 

ctouas and sun 

20 * 4 - 

19*6 

21/70 

1-2 

SW 

12-25 

31/88 

24/75 

26/79 

0-1 

NW 

1248 

Pimaus 

.. nureiy 

31 * 8 . 

2405 

2679 

0-1 

NW 

1545 

31/88 

22/71 

28/79 

1-2 

NW 

15-25 

Cotfu 

. sunny ‘ 

81*8 

22m 

26/79 

. 14 

NW 

15-25 

27/80 

15/68 

17*2 

0-1 

N 

1040 

Bntfncjn 

. sunny 

27*0 

15*8 

17*2 

0-1 

N 

1040 

28/78 

16*1 

16*4 

1-2 

N 

15-30 . 

. Osund . ■ ■ 

ctoufeandaun 26/79 

17*2 

18*4 

1-2 

N 

15-30 

26/79 

17*2 

16*4 

1-2 

N 

15-30 

Sdisvmlngm 

doudsanOaui 

28/79 

17*2 

. 76*4 

■' .14 

N 

15-30 

25/77 

16*1 

18*4 

1-2 

N 

15-30 

-Syl-- 

cksuds and-sun - 2 SI 77 - 

18*1 ■ 

18*4 

• 14 

N 

■ 15-30 

32/88 

24/75 

2679 

0-1 

N 

1245 

Izmir • 

. partly siray 

32*9 

24/75 

2072 

0-1 

N 

12-25 

29/84 

24/75 

26/79 

1-2 

SW 

20-40 

TMAvfv . 

aunny .. 

29*4 

24/75 

28/79 

14 

SW 

20-40 


Caribbean and Was* Atlantic 
Barbados party smny 31/68 


Kngston party suviy 32/89 

St Thomas sunny 34/93 

doudsandsun 31/96 


25/77 27/80 

25/77 26/82 

25/77 28/62 

25/77 27/80 


ENE 20 « 
E 2 M 0 
E . 25-35 

SE 20-25 


Caribbean and West Atlantic 
Barbados omy 


omy 

thandarstom* 


sunny . . 
partly Bunny 


ENE 2035 
E 25 - 50 ' 
E 25-35 
SE 2036 


t 32 /SB S 

•h 2**4 1 
pc 27*0 1 
«h S 1*9 i 
pc 30*0 1 
i «/i oe : 

pc 22/71 I 
■ 32*9 I 
pc 24/76 1 
pc so*a s 


A*«/PacMe 


Asta/PacfAc 


Penang clouds and sun 32/89 

Phuket doudsandsun 32/8B 

BaS . doudsandsun 32/59 

Cebu party stray 31/88 

Palm Beach. Aus ■ sunny 18/54 

Bay of hbnds, NZ doudsandsun 14/57 
Shtrahama doudsandsun 30/86 

Honolulu party sunny 31/86 


SW .10-20 
SW 15-25 
SW 12-25 
SSW 15-30 
SW 20-35 
SW 25-40 
SE 25-50 
BE 20-35 


Penang douda 

PhtAet (hunde 

Bat clouds 

Cebu doude 

Palm teach. Aus. stray. 
Boy of islands. NZ stray 


doudsandsun 
thunderstorms 
doudsandsun 
doude sod aw 


sunny 

doudsandsun 

ctoutfemdsun 


SW 1020 
SW 15-25 
SW 12-25 
SSW 12-22 
WSW 20-35 
SW 2030 
SE 15-30 
ENE 20-85 


ABET Access Numbers . . 

How lo call aroond the work! . 

1. Using the chan bekro\ find the country you are calling from. 

2. DiaJ the corresponding AGS' Access Nuxnber. 

3- An /OXT Englisfvspeafcirtg Opoamr or \xrice prompt vw-QI ask for the phone number yuu wish to call or connect you to a 
customer service representative. 

Toircrivc >txff fneeWHlfcJ cjnd of AcassNurabos, dfel the access number of 

ihecountry yotfrein and ask for Customer Service. 


Iravd in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


000-8010 

OOa-0312 

980-11-0010 

1J4 


Mafaysfrr 
New Zealand 
l%flippi&es* 


OdUrgCara 


| i^ Aur c&ngcant j Imagine a world ^-here you can call country lo country as easily as you can from home. And 

I ^^ 5 pg|g!| reach ihCTLS. directly from over 125 countries. Converse with someone who doesn't speak your 

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your voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with ATKT 1 
1 To use these services, dial the AES’ Access Number of the country you're in and you’ll get all the 

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If you don’t have an AK£T Calling Card or you’d like more information on ADS’ global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right. 




COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY A CCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMRPR 

ASIA “ 17 2-1011. tai “ wSSSSi 

Anstralta 1-800-881-011 ijectoeoaccigr 155-00-11 qjfle 00*0312 

China, PBO~ MBIT . Uflraanfeu ~ 8*196 COhunUa ~ 980-11-0010 

Gasan 018-872 Luxembourg 0-8 000111 CosuRka'a ! — jj5 

Hong Kong «M1U Ma rrdctn i a . E.YJL of 99-0004288 Ecuador 

In ** a * 000-117 Malar 0800890-110 H Salvador* 

In do n e si a * 001-801-10 Monaco- 19*0011 ■ Guatemala* ■ jqo 

Japan* OQgMH Ncdhetfanda- 06-022^ 111 Guyana— . ‘7 fa 

Kore* 00*11 Norway . 800-190-11 . Honduras’* “ m 

g HI ro labd-w- 0*010-480-011 1 HSESST 

Mteysir aothoon poetagar 05017- 1-288 ^ 

New Zealand Wg» Hhmanla. 01-80 04288 1| ’ ^ 5 

Hiilippines- 105-13 R4Wsla*T»to9cow) 155-50* 2 PenT . ToT 

S*P m-2S72 aorak&i 00-42080101 Surina me 

Singapore W08UM11. Spain* ' . ~ ' 900-99^0- U Uruguay 7 I»3SlO 

^lanto_- ,^*30430 Sweden- 020-795^11 Venezuela-. " 8^01 ^ 120 

Triwan’ 0080-10288* Switzerland* ijWMJ ~ ■ 

■maUand* 0019-991-mi tuE osooSooiT Sh^a 

z zm i ggszz: z 

*re*ri*l daadou _ - MTODUEEAST ■ -5HKV— 

q 22 ** ?** 

g gw jy. owSooio 

OO^OMOIO tod : 177-100-2727 gff 

9 P^ wn - ^ ' - - 300-288 

Czech Bep 00420-00101 LehanoaOBdraO ^£3n ^ 

9800-100-10 Saudi Arabia ; MOQ-io — 

52S22 ivafcer ' OMPMazn — — 

Germany ■ 0130-0010 UAET . MfuaT ^ 5KHKQ0 


Singa pore 
Sri Lanka 
Taiwan’ 
Thailand* 


EUROPE 


Armenia** 

Austria^ 

Bulgaria 
Croatia?* 
Czech Rep 
Pchmaifc- 
Finlaad* 
Ran oe 


0000- 890-110 £3 Salvador*. ' ' ■ 

lftjjOU ' Guaicmaia* — ■ jyg ■ 

06-022^111 Guyana*** ~ TJg 

800-190-11 Honduras’. ~ 123 

0a010-480-0111 Mexico aaa 9 5-800-462-4240 

- °501T-t-2» Nlcartgna (Managua) ^74 

01- 800428 8 fanamaa ‘T o q- ; 

15^50^ 2 PenT . “ — Jjj 

. 00-42Q80101 Suriname ^ . 

900-99-QQ-U Urugua y 1 " r " “ " • 

_ 020-795-611 Venezuel a*. 8O-S11-120 ' 

— — ~ CAMB»tan ~~~~ 

_ 0y»8»801 1 Bahamas 1-800^72-2881 , . 

=— Jg^ggjl Vertmte 1-800 -572-28)1 . - 

- British Vi 1-800-872-2881 ; 

592521 .Cayman Isbods 1-800^72-2881 : . 

- ^ remC ~ 1-800-872-2881 ‘ , 

- ^ 001^00-972^3 " 

—SZS "• ■wmaw .-' 

^ 001-800-872-2861 . 

- — gjOB^Hewa 1-800872-2881;'. 


0500-89-0011 

8x100-11 Bermuda* 


BOfrOOl Cayman bhod s 
080-90010 CfeiwH?* ~ 
177-100-2727 "~ 

. • SQQ-288 - >makj* 

^26-801 . Nok Antlj 

- Q800^n-77 sTioB&'News ‘ 


1-800-10 


Greece* 00800-1311 AH 

Hungary- ' 00.-800-01111 Argecrtina* 

icetomf 9990QI Bdto . 

Ireland i-800-55<M)00 SoHya- 

iWCWRRCniaMtajniUfert4B9)iro«c^.4BS'naciaCb»ece fr 5avi» 


AMERICAS 


■ 0a ^ 00 ~ 12277 gftyprccafao' 

fiQO-121 Gajboo* 


AFRICA 


Cambhn* 

X)- 200-1111 > Kenya* 

- Liberia 

frftw-ng s5Sa S taT 


AWT 


*WCafeiiearia«fBJwMfc.^lffiwMW.«rw m Mba am *i fe1fe - 

OTgtgTOtaTbigparoyc^BaetgKOTniiBfaroi're fniiwni .ioi A i Jnittya c - pnone 




5100200 
QQa -001 • 
00111 
' 0800-10 
797-797. :. 
0800990123 


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W UiW<atelM*%r/tRa(ifferonTihrph<inrlneipRBdnaln4>erl4ai«i- 

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AswafciecTOtdflifcm- 


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kcmisVauwliiBh “"ynJiicomuiiei. 


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